Exclusive economic zone of Greece

Turkey Italy Lesbos

Greece has claimed an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) as per UNCLOS 1982 as well as customary international law. The total size is 505,572 km2 (195,202 sq mi) which is the 53rd largest in the world.[1]

Geography

Exclusive Economic Zone of Greece

Greece forms the southernmost part of the Balkan peninsula in the Mediterranean Sea. It includes many small islands which vary between 1,200 and 6,000 in the Aegean Sea and the Ionian Sea.[2] The largest islands are Crete, Euboea, Lesbos, Rhodes and Chios. It is bordered to the north by Albania, to the east by Turkey, Cyprus, to the south by Egypt, Libya and to the west by Italy.

EEZ Areas of Greece[1]
Territory km2 sq mi Notes
Crete 1 0.39
Euboea 1 0.39
Lesbos 1 0.39
Rhodes 1 0.39
Chios 1 0.39
Kefalonia 1 0.39
Corfu 1 0.39
Samos 1 0.39
Limnos 1 0.39
Naxos 1 0.39
Total 505,572 195,202

Disputes

Active

Turkey

Turkey doesn't recognize a legal continental shelf and EEZ around the Greek islands.

According to published maps, the Government of Israel has recognized the EEZ of Greece and Cyprus. They describe the course of the gas pipeline which will transfer gas produced by American Νoble Εnergy Ltd. from the Leviathan reservoir to Europe, through an undersea pipeline crossing Greece. By this proposal, Israel recognizes the Greek EEZ in the area and offers an advantage that Greece can use during negotiation procedures to support its claims on the area. In practice, this cooperation will set up a powerful energy coalition between Greece, Cyprus and Israel. The mining and operating part will be undertaken by an American company.[3] "The substance of the issue is that in an effort to protect and secure vital Israeli interests in the Mediterranean Sea, Israel has been left with no choice other than to officially delimit its maritime borders".[4]

On 08 June 2020, Greece signed an agreement with Italy, establishing an EEZ between the two countries and resolving longstanding issues over fishing rights in the Ionian Sea. [5] On 06 August 2020, Greece signed an agreement with Egypt designating an EEZ in the Eastern Mediterranean between the two countries. [6] Both agreements are in line with Greece's claimed EEZ as per UNCLOS 1982 as well as customary international law.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Sea Around Us – Fisheries, Ecosystems and Biodiversity". Retrieved 1 April 2017.
  2. ^ Marker, Sherry; Kerasiotis, Peter (2010). "Greece in depth". In Nadeau, Mark (ed.). Frommer's Greece. Hoboken: Wiley. p. 12.
  3. ^ Israel Recognizes Greek Exclusive Economic Zone | News from Greeks in Africa, Asia, and South America Archived 19 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine. World.greekreporter.com (23 February 2011). Retrieved 23 July 2013.
  4. ^ Israel defends energy exploration deal with Cyprus | ICEJ UK. Uk.icej.org. Retrieved 23 July 2013.
  5. ^ Greece, Italy sign accord on maritime zones in Ionian Sea | Reuters. www.reuters.com. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
  6. ^ Egypt and Greece sign agreement on exclusive economic zone | Reuters. www.reuters.com. Retrieved 29 August 2020.