Eurostat

France Germany Netherlands
Flag of Europe.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the European Union
Flag of Europe.svg European Union portal

Eurostat (European Statistical Office) is a Directorate-General of the European Commission located in the Kirchberg quarter of Luxembourg City, Luxembourg. Its main responsibilities are to provide statistical information to the institutions of the European Union (EU) and to promote the harmonisation of statistical methods across its member states and candidates for accession as well as EFTA countries. The organisations in the different countries that cooperate with Eurostat are summarised under the concept of the European Statistical System.

Organisation

Eurostat operates pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 223/2009. Since the swearing in of the von der Leyen Commission in December 2019, Eurostat is allocated to the portfolio of the European Commissioner for the Economy, Paolo Gentiloni.[1]

The Director-General of Eurostat is Mariana Kotzeva, former Deputy Director-General of Eurostat and President of the National Statistical Institute of Bulgaria.[2][3]

History

Directors General

Name Nationality Term
Rolf Wagenführ  West Germany 1952–1966
Raymond Dumas  France 1966–1973
Jacques Mayer  France 1973–1977
Aage Dornonville de la Cour  Denmark 1977–1982
Pieter de Geus  Netherlands 1982–1984
Silvio Ronchetti  Italy 1984–1987
Yves Franchet  France 1987–2003
Michel Vanden Abeele  Belgium 2003–2004
Günther Hanreich  Austria 2004–2006
Hervé Carré  France 2006–2008
Walter Radermacher [de]  Germany 2008–2016
Mariana Kotzeva (acting)  Bulgaria 2017–present

Regulations

The Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2009 on European statistics establishes the legal framework for the European statistics.[7]

Amending Regulation (EU) 759/2015 clarifies that heads of NSIs coordinate national level activities for European statistics and decide on processes, methods, standards and procedures of their respective statistics.[7]

Previous Eurostat regulations were a Decision on Eurostat (2012/504/EU), and the earlier Decision on Eurostat (97/281/EC).

Main areas of statistical activities

European regions by GDP in percentage of the EU average.png The Eurostat statistical work is structured into Themes and Sub-themes.[8]

General and regional statistics

Economy and finance

Population and social conditions

Industry, trade and services

Agriculture and fisheries

International trade

Transport

Environment and energy

Science, technology, digital society

General statistical activities related to the European Statistical system are:

Geographical scope

Currently, and since the Brexit on February the first 2020, Eurostat data are aggregated at the EU-27 level, known as EU-28.[9][10] Before Brexit Eurostat data was aggregated at the EU-28 level, known as EU-28.

Since Brexit occurred on February the first 2020, data has to be computed for the EU-27 because by definition the Brexit makes the UK a third country to the EU.

Nonetheless, to avoid confusion with the previous EU-27 group of 27 member states — which was used in the series of statistical data before the accession of member state number 28 — another name for the current EU 27 without the UK is defined as EU27_2019 in February 2019 and EU27_2020 since March 2020 according to Eurostat[11][12]

The name changed from EU27_2019 to EU27_2020 due to a British constitutional delay which made Brexit delivered in 2020 rather than the initially planned 2019.

The concept of the EU 28 has been used since 1 January 2014, also according to the Eurostat methodological manual on city statistics, 2017 edition.

Eurostat is also engaged in cooperation with third countries through the European Statistical System, EU Enlargement Policy, and European Neighbourhood Policy.[13] Statistical cooperation in and around Europe

Local data are also computed at the NUTS level.

Access to Eurostat statistics

The most important statistics are made available via press releases. They are placed on the Eurostat website at 11:00 in the morning. This is also the time that the press release content may be distributed to the public by press agencies.

Eurostat disseminates its statistics free of charge via its Internet and its statistical databases that are accessible via the Internet. The statistics are hierarchically ordered in a navigation tree. Tables are distinguished from multi-dimensional datasets from which the statistics are extracted via an interactive tool.

In addition various printed publications are available either in electronic form free on the internet or in printed form via the EU Bookshop. Only larger publications are charged for as printed copies.

Since September 2009 Eurostat has pioneered a fully electronical way of publishing, Statistics Explained,[14] like Wikipedia based on Mediawiki open source software and with a largely similar structure and navigation. Statistics Explained is not only a dissemination format, however, but also a wiki working platform for producing flagship publications like the Eurostat Yearbook.[15]

Statistical data for research purposes

Microdata, which in principle allows the identification of the statistical unit (e.g., a person in the labour force survey or a company for innovation statistics), is treated as strictly confidential. Under tight security procedures various anonymised datasets are provided to research institutions for validated research projects.

Location

Eurostat has been based in the Joseph Bech building, in the northeast of the Kirchberg quarter of Luxembourg City, since the building was opened in 1998.[16] The Directorate-General will relocate to the Jean Monnet 2 building, in the Kirchberg's European district, following the completion of the first phase of the building, expected in February 2023.[16]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Paolo Gentiloni". European Commission. 12 November 2019. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  2. ^ "MEET OUR ACTING DIRECTOR-GENERAL". europa.eu. European Commission. Archived from the original on 18 October 2017. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  3. ^ "Meet our Director-General". europa.eu. European Commission. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  4. ^ "Report on Greek Government Deficit and Debt Statistics" (PDF). Eurostat. European Commission: 30. 8 January 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 8, 2013. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  5. ^ Castle, Stephen; Saltmarsh, Matthew (15 February 2010). "Greece Pressed to Take Action on Economic Woes". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 26 June 2019. ... the European Commission proposed powers for Eurostat to audit the books of national governments
  6. ^ "European Statistics Code of Practice". eurostat. European Commission. 13 July 2010. Archived from the original on 20 May 2011. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  7. ^ a b "Eurostat and the European Statistical System - Statistics Explained". Eurostat. 26 April 2019. ISSN 2443-8219. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  8. ^ "Browse statistics by theme - Eurostat". ec.europa.eu. Retrieved 2019-08-29.
  9. ^ https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/data/database
  10. ^ https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/help/faq/brexit
  11. ^ https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/help/faq/brexit
  12. ^ Methodological manual on city statistics. Eurostat. 2017. p. 53. doi:10.2785/708009. ISBN 978-92-79-67746-5. ISSN 2315-0815.
  13. ^ "Statistical cooperation in and around Europe". Eurostat. European Commission. 24 September 2018. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  14. ^ "Statistics Explained". Epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu. 11 April 2017. Retrieved 18 October 2012.
  15. ^ "Europe in figures - Eurostat yearbook 2010". Eurostat. 11 August 2011. Archived from the original on August 12, 2011. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  16. ^ a b Management Plan 2019 (PDF) (Report). Office for Infrastructure and Logistics in Luxembourg, European Commission. 19 December 2018. Ares(2018)6565888. Retrieved 28 January 2020.