Location of Erzincan Province in Turkey
|• Electoral district||Erzincan|
|• Governor||Mehmet Makas|
|• Total||11,974 km2 (4,623 sq mi)|
|• Density||20/km2 (51/sq mi)|
Erzincan Province (Turkish: Erzincan ili, Kurdish: Parezgêha Erzînganê Zazaki: Sûke Erzingan,) is a province in the Eastern Anatolia Region of Turkey. In Turkish Kurdistan, its capital is also called Erzincan. The population was 224,949 in 2010.
Erzincan is traversed by the northeasterly line of equal latitude and longitude. It lies on the Northern Anatolian Fault, why it is often the location for earthquakes like one in 27 December 1939 and the earthquake on the 13 March 1992.
Erzincan province is divided into 9 districts (capital district in bold):
In September 1935 the third Inspectorate General (Umumi Müfettişlik, UM) was created, into which the Erzincan province was included. Its creation was based on the Law 1164 from June 1927, which was passed in order to Turkefy the population. The Erzincan province was included in this area. The third UM span over the provinces of Erzurum, Artvin, Rize, Trabzon, Kars, Gümüşhane, Erzincan and Ağrı. It was governed by an Inspector General seated in the city of Erzurum.  In January 1936, a Fourth Inspectorate-General was established, under which authority the province was transferred. The fourth UM included the provinces of Erzincan, Tunceli, Elazığ and the areas which would become the province of Bingöl. The Fourth UM was governed by a Governor Commander. Most of the employees in the municipalities were to be from the military and the Governor Commander had the authority to evacuate whole villages and resettle them in other areas. The Inspectorates General were dissolved in 1952 during the Government of the Democrat Party.
- 1939 Erzincan earthquake
- List of populated places in Erzincan Province
- Battle of Otlukbeli Martyrs' Monument
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