Eastern Mediterranean  denotes the region in the east of the Mediterranean Sea (the Levantine Sea) in Southeast Europe and Western Asia. It includes Turkey's region of Anatolia, the island of Cyprus, the Greek Dodecanese islands, Egypt and the region of Syria (in the Levant), Lebanon, Gaza and Israel.
This eastern Mediterranean region is commonly interpreted in two ways:
- The more broad definition of the Levant which includes its historically tied neighboring countries, Albania and mainland Greece.
- The region of Syria with the island of Cyprus (also known as the Levant), Egypt, Greek Dodecanese and Anatolian Turkey.
The countries and territories of the Eastern Mediterranean include Cyprus, Greece, Palestine, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Turkey, Egypt, and Israel.  The countries under the term North-eastern Mediterranean could sometimes include Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (usually included within Eastern Mediterranean countries) Slovenia, North Macedonia, Serbia, Kosovo, Montenegro, Romania, and Ukraine.
- Greater Syria
- Fertile Crescent
- Levantine Sea
- Near East
- Ancient Near East
- Names of the Levant
- Eastern Mediterranean University
- List of Mediterranean countries
- Mediterranean Basin
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