Douglas Abbott

Gérald Fauteux John Robert Cartwright Ronald Martland

Douglas Abbott

Douglas Charles Abbott.jpg
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Saint-Antoine—Westmount
In office
1940–1954
Preceded byRobert Smeaton White
Succeeded byGeorge Carlyle Marler
Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada
In office
July 1, 1954 – December 23, 1973
Nominated byLouis St. Laurent
Preceded byPatrick Kerwin
Succeeded byLouis-Philippe de Grandpré
Personal details
Born
Douglas Charles Abbott

(1899-05-29)May 29, 1899
Lennoxville, Quebec
DiedMarch 15, 1987(1987-03-15) (aged 87)
Political partyLiberal
ChildrenAnthony Abbott
Alma materBishop's University, McGill Law School, Université de Dijon
ProfessionLawyer
CabinetMinister of National Defence for Naval Services (1945-1946)
Minister of National Defence (1945-1946)
Minister of Finance and Receiver General(1946-1954)
Military service
Branch/serviceNon-Permanent Active Militia
RAF
Years of service1916-1918
1918
RankGunner (NPAM)[1]
Unit7th (McGill) Siege Battery, Canadian Garrison Artillery, Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery

Douglas Charles Abbott, PC (May 29, 1899 – March 15, 1987) was a Canadian Member of Parliament, federal Cabinet Minister, and justice of the Supreme Court of Canada. Abbott's appointment directly from the Cabinet of Canada as Finance Minister to the Supreme Court is considered one of the most controversial in the Supreme Court's history.[2]

Early life

Abbott was born in Lennoxville, Quebec (now Sherbrooke, Quebec). He attended Bishop's University, graduating with a Bachelor of Arts. He then attended McGill Law School, but interrupted his studies to sign up for service overseas, in 1916. Returning from the Great War, he completed his legal studies, earning his Bachelor of Civil Law. He then went to France to attend the Université de Dijon.[3] Returning to Canada, he was called to the Barreau du Québec in 1921 and practised law in Montreal with the firm of Fleet, Phelan, Fleet & Le Mesurier.

Political career

Abbott successfully stood for election to the House of Commons in 1940, and remained a member of the House for fourteen years. A member of the Liberal Party of Canada, Abbott served as both Minister of National Defence (1945-46) and Minister of Finance (1946-54).

Supreme Court justice

He was appointed to the Supreme Court of Canada on July 1, 1954[2] and served as Puisne Justice until December 23, 1973.

Abbott was appointed to the court directly from the Liberal Party of Canada's Cabinet, where he had served the previous 7 years as Finance Minister.[2] The appointment is considered one of the most controversial in the history of the Supreme Court.[2] It was the first appointment directly from cabinet since the 1911 appointment of Louis-Philippe Brodeur.[2] As of 2020, Abbott was the last Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada appointed directly to the Court from the Cabinet of Canada, and the last Justice to have held elected office prior to his appointment.[citation needed]

Parliamentary seats

House of Commons

Parliamentary functions

Ministry

Parliamentary Secretary

Archives

There is a Douglas Charles Abbott fonds at Library and Archives Canada. Archival reference number is R4773 (former archival reference number MG32-B6).[4]

References

  1. ^ Archives, McGill University (November 11, 2012). "McGill University Archives - McGill Remembers". www.archives.mcgill.ca.
  2. ^ a b c d e McCormick, Peter (2000-01-01). Supreme at Last: The Evolution of the Supreme Court of Canada. James Lorimer & Company. ISBN 9781550286922.
  3. ^ a b c d e f The International Who's Who 1972-73. London: Europa Publications. 1972. p. 2. ISBN 0900362480.
  4. ^ "Finding aid for Douglas Charles Abbott fonds" (PDF). Retrieved June 8, 2020.