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Democratic revolution

Romanian Revolution Overthrow of Slobodan Milošević Democracy

A democratic revolution is a political science term denoting a revolution in which a democracy is instituted, replacing a previous non-democratic government, or in which revolutionary change is brought about through democratic means.

According to Tocqueville a democracy, as well as other forms of regimes, is a social condition. It holds a moral, philosophical, social and political orientation of a people. It is a way of behaving.[1] This means that revolution in general shape behaviour. For democratic revolution, this behaviour gets more free and equal. Tocqueville's idea of a democratic revolution is that it is a steady advance of equality, which means that over time all people will be more equal.[2]

Democratic revolutions can be divided into different approaches.

What makes democratic revolutions different from other forms of revolution is the lack of violence, in most cases. Democratic revolution is not harsh and does not make negative judgements on other cultures or regime types, yet it incorporates a clear notion of reform. Other societies are becoming better and better.[3]

Moreover, revolution is a notion implying sudden discontinuity and movement to a new regime. It is to be said that whenever there is no new regime, a revolution has failed. Democratic revolution, in contrast, does not necessarily imply how long the process will take. Formlessness is an intrinsic problem of democratic revolutions. When transitions can be (mis)interpreted as a long process, it becomes difficult to recede landmarks of failure or success into the flux of political and economic events. It is hard to know when a party is winning because there are no particular great victories or defeats that serve as milestones. An example lies in the democratic revolution of Brazil: “the genius of the Brazilian transformation is that it is virtually impossible to say at what point Brazil stopped being a dictatorship and became a democracy”.[3]

Concepts

It involves revising a country's constitution to allow for the people to have the power to have:

Examples

See also

References

  1. ^ Allen, B. (1953). “Tocqueville, covenant, and the democratic revolution: harmonizing earth with heaven”. Lexington Books. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
  2. ^ Fukuyama, F. (2000). “The March of Equality”. Journal of Democracy 11(1) 11-17. Johns Hopkins University Press
  3. ^ a b c Fairbanks, C. (2007). “Revolution reconsidered”. Journal of Democracy 18(1) 42-57. Johns Hopkins University Press
  4. ^ a b Fairbanks, C. (2007). “Revolution reconsidered”. Journal of Democracy 18(1) 42-57. Johns Hopkins University Press
  5. ^ Teorell, J. (2010). “Determinants of Democratization: Explaining Regime Change in the World, 1972-2006”. Chapter 5: The force from below: popular mobilization. Cambridge University Press