Democratic Centre (Italy)

More Europe Bruno Tabacci Union of the Centre (2002)

Democratic Centre

Centro Democratico
PresidentBruno Tabacci
SecretaryRoberto Capelli
Founded28 December 2012 (2012-12-28)
Split fromAlliance for Italy,
Italy of Values
HeadquartersVia Pierluigi da Palestrina 63
00193 Rome
IdeologyChristian left[1][2][3]
Social liberalism
Political positionCentre[4]
National affiliationCentre-left coalition
Chamber of Deputies
1 / 630
Senate
0 / 315
European Parliament
0 / 73
Regional
Councils
1 / 897
Website
www.ilcentrodemocratico.it Edit this at Wikidata

Democratic Centre (Italian: Centro Democratico, CD) is a centrist,[4] Christian leftist,[1][2][3] social-liberal political party in Italy. Most of its members, including its leaders Bruno Tabacci and Roberto Capelli, are former Christian Democrats.

Since its beginnings, the CD has been also part of the centre-left coalition, centred around the Democratic Party (PD).

The CD, along with the Italian Radicals and Forza Europa, was a founding member of More Europe (+Eu), a liberal party. As such, it was indirectly a member of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party (ALDE Party) at the level of European Union. The CD had formed a partnership with the ALDE Party since the 2014 European Parliament election.

History

Foundation and 2013 general election

The party was launched on 28 December 2012 as an electoral list and immediately joined Italy. Common Good, a centre-left coalition formed to contest the 2013 general election.[5] The CD originally included large chunks of Alliance for Italy (ApI), led by Francesco Rutelli and Bruno Tabacci, and Rights and Freedom (DL), a breakaway group from Italy of Values (IdV) led by Massimo Donadi.[6][7] Regarding ApI, most leading members and incumbent MPs of the party joined the CD,[8][9] with Tabacci as their leader, while Rutelli chose not to be a candidate[10] and retired from active politics.

Tabacci participated in the 2012 centre-left primary election, where he obtained only 1.4% of the vote. After his defeat, Tabacci supported the winner Pier Luigi Bersani of the Democratic Party (PD). In the general election the CD gained 0.5% of the vote both for the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate,[11] returning six deputies (Franco Bruno, Roberto Capelli, Anielo Formisano, Carmelo Lo Monte, Pino Pisicchio and Tabacci).[12] In the event, the party was stronger in Basilicata (4.4%),[13] Calabria (2.0%),[14] and Apulia (1.5%).[15] In the subsequent Basilicata regional election the CD–United Populars joint list,[16] won 5.0% of the vote[16] and ex-IdV Nicola Benedetto[17] was re-elected to the Regional Council.[18]

2019 EP election, alliances and splits

For the 2014 European Parliament election the CD formed, along with Civic Choice (SC) and Act to Stop the Decline (FFD), European Choice (SE), an electoral list in support of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party, including also the Italian Liberal Party (PLI), the Italian Republican Party (PRI), Liberal Democratic Alliance for Italy (ALI), the Conservatives and Social Reformers (CSR), the European Federalist Party (PFE) and miscellaneous minor movements.[19][20][21] The list, whose top candidate in the South was Tabacci,[22] received just 0.7% of the vote and failed to return any MEPs.[23]

In June 2014 Pisicchio, the party's vice president, left over disagreements with Tabacci.[24][25][26] In October also the other vice president, Formisano, left the CD and returned to IdV.[27] As of late 2014, of the six deputies elected by the CD in 2013 only two (Tabacci and Capelli) were still active in the party (Bruno remained loyal to ApI all the way and never joined the CD, while Lo Monte ended up in the Italian Socialist Party).

In November 2014 the CD formed a joint group with Solidary Democracy (DemoS),[28] an alike outfit formed by splinters from SC and later the Populars for Italy (PpI), led by Lorenzo Dellai and Andrea Olivero.[29] Earlier that year, the party had locally formed various centrist alliances with DemoS,[30][31] SC,[32][33] the Union of the Centre (UdC)[34][35] and/or Reality Italy[36] for the 2014 and 2015 regional elections (two regional councillors were elected in Campania).

In late 2015 Domenico Rossi, a retired general, deputy (SC and PpI) and undersecretary of Defence (Renzi Cabinet and later Gentiloni Cabinet), joined the CD. In January 2017 Mario Catania, a former minister of Agriculture, member of the UdC and later of SC, became the party's fourth deputy.[37][38][39]

In the 2017 local elections the party fielded lists in a few places, obtaining distinctive results in Torre Annunziata, Campania (12.7%)[40] and Paola, Calabria (4.6%).[41]

More Europe and 2018 general election

In January 2018 the CD joined More Europe (+Eu), a liberal electoral list previously formed by the Italian Radicals and Forza Europa, seeking to be part of the centre-left coalition in the upcoming 2018 general election.[42][43][44] The decision, taken for technical reasons, was a departure form the CD's alliance with DemoS. The list won 2.6% of the vote in the election, falling short of the 3% threshold, but Tabacci was re-elected to the Chamber in a single-seat constituency in Milan.

In January 2019 the party elected Roberto Capelli as its secretary[45] and participated in the establishment of +Eu as a party.[46]

In September 2019 +Eu decided not to support the newly-formed Conte II Cabinet, despite opposition by Tabacci and the party's two other deputies.[47][48] The three voted in favour in the Chamber, while Emma Bonino against in the Senate.[49] Consequently, Tabacci led his CD out of +Eu.[50][51][52][53]

Electoral results

Italian Parliament

Chamber of Deputies
Election year Votes % Seats +/– Leader
2013 167,170 (#11) 0.49
6 / 630
Bruno Tabacci
2018 into More Europe 2.55
1 / 630
Decrease 5
Bruno Tabacci
Senate of the Republic
Election year Votes % Seats +/– Leader
2013 163,427 (#11) 0.53
0 / 315
Bruno Tabacci
2018 into More Europe 2.36
0 / 630
Steady
Bruno Tabacci

European Parliament

European Parliament
Election year Votes % Seats +/– Leader
2014 into European Choice 0.72
0 / 73
Bruno Tabacci

Regional Councils

Region Last election # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/–
Aosta Valley 2018 N/A N/A
0 / 35
Piedmont 2019 34.993 (with More Europe) 1.82 (#9) (with More Europe)
0 / 50
Lombardy 2018 108,745 (#8) (with More Europe) 2.07 (with More Europe)
0 / 80
South Tyrol 2018 N/A N/A
0 / 35
Trentino 2018 N/A N/A
0 / 35
Veneto 2015 N/A N/A
0 / 51
Friuli-Venezia Giulia 2018 N/A N/A
0 / 49
Emilia-Romagna 2020 (with Bonaccini List) (with Bonaccini List)
0 / 50
Liguria 2015 N/A N/A
0 / 31
Tuscany 2015 N/A N/A
0 / 41
Marche 2015 into UdC into UdC
0 / 31
Umbria 2019 N/A N/A
0 / 20
Lazio 20th 48,748 (#12) 1.7
1 / 51
Increase 1
Abruzzo 2014 16,962 (#10) 2.5
1 / 31
Increase 1
Molise 2013 N/A N/A
0 / 21
Campania 2015 62,975 (#9) (with SC) 2.8 (with SC)
1 / 51
Increase 1
Apulia 2015 99,021 (#8) (with UdC and RI) 6.2 (with UdC and RI)
0 / 51
Basilicata 2013 11,938 (#9) 5.1
0 / 21
Calabria 2014 26,831 (#11) 3.4
0 / 30
Sicily 2017 N/A N/A
0 / 70
Sardinia 2014 14,451 (#14) 2.1
2 / 60
Increase 2

Leadership

Symbol

References

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External links