Daniel Alcides Carrión

Peru Cerro de Pasco Oroya fever
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Daniel Alcides Carrión García
Daniel Alcides Carríon García.jpg
Daniel Alcides Carrión García
Born(1857-08-12)August 12, 1857
DiedOctober 5, 1885(1885-10-05) (aged 28)
Known forCarrion's disease (Oroya fever)
Scientific career

Daniel Alcides Carrión García (August 12, 1857 – October 5, 1885) was a Peruvian medical student after whom Carrion's disease is named.

Fatal experiment

Carrión described the disease in the course of what proved to be a fatal experiment upon himself in 1885, in order to demonstrate definitively the cause of the illness. He was inoculated by close friends with blood which had been taken from a wart of a 14-year-old patient.[1] Carrión's aim was to prove a link between the acute blood stage of Oroya fever with that of the later chronic form of the disease, called verruga peruana, typified by numerous red, wart-like dermal nodules. Neither the cause nor mode of transmission of Oroya fever was then known and, furthermore, the relationship between the acute and chronic forms of the disease was not yet proven. Carrión developed the classic symptoms of the acute phase of the disease, thereby establishing the link.

After Carrión's death from the disease, a fellow student who had assisted in the experiment was arrested for his murder, but later released.[2] In 1938 Maxime Hans Kuczyński survived a similar experiment.

Burial site

Carrión is buried in a mausoleum on the premises of the National Hospital Dos de Mayo in Lima.[3]

National Hero

On October 7, 1991, the Peruvian government announced a law (LeyNº 25342), declaring Carrión to be a "National Hero" (Spanish: Héroe Nacional).[4]

Named in his honour

See also


  1. ^ Top 10 Researchers Who Experimented On Themselves; Top Tenz; accessed ???
  2. ^ Cutis, vol. 48, iss. 4-6, p. 339, 1991.
  3. ^ (in Spanish) Department of Health / History of Dos de Mayo Hospital Archived 2007-08-25 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ (in Spanish) Ministerio de Salud – Detalles; Department of Health; accessed ???
  5. ^ (in Spanish) Official website of the National University Universidad Nacional Daniel Alcides Carrion