Croats of Romania

Croatian language Krashovani Romania
Croats of Romania
Hrvati u Rumunjskoj
Total population
6,993–15,000 (estimated)
Regions with significant populations
 Romania
(Caraș-Severin County, Timiș County)
Languages
Croatian
Religion
Roman Catholicism
Distribution of Croats in Romania (2002 census)

Croats (Croatian: Hrvati, Romanian: Croați) are an ethnic minority in Romania, numbering 6,786 people according to the 2002 census. They mainly live in the southwest of the country, particularly in Caraș-Severin County. Declared Croatians form a majority in two Romanian localities: the communes of Carașova and Lupac. In these communes, Croatian is an officially recognised language, with signage, education and access to justice and public administration being provided in Croatian alongside Romanian.

Krashovani

Most Croats in Romania are Krashovani, even though only around 200 people declared themselves Krashovani in the census, the rest declaring Croatian ethnicity. Due to some political, economic, social and cultural factors, most of them started identifying themselves with Croats, and some still continued to call themselves Krašovani. Today, many Krashovani chose the Croatian ethnicity, partly due to the attention given to them by the Croatian state (which also awards them the Croatian citizenship).

Political participation

As an officially recognized ethnic minority, Croats have one seat reserved in the Romanian Chamber of Deputies, held by the Union of Croatians of Romania.

Communes with the largest Croat population percentage

See also

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Croatia CoA 1990.svg