Croatia–Italy relations refer to the bilateral relationship between the Republic of Croatia and the Italian Republic. Diplomatic relations among two countries were established on January 17, 1992 following Croatia's independence from the SFR of Yugoslavia.
Croatia has an embassy in Rome, general consulates in Milan and Trieste, and consulates in Bari, Florence, Naples, and Padua. Italy has an embassy in Zagreb, general consulate in Rijeka, Vice Consulate in Buje, Pula and Split, as well as Italian Cultural Institute and Foreign Trade Institute in Zagreb.
In addition, there are around 21,000 registered immigrant Croatian workers in Italy.
Historically, the Dalmatian Italians constituted a significant population of Dalmatia.
Italy is the most important Croatian foreign trade partner in which Croatia exports about 14% of its total annual merchandise.
History and relations today
Although stormy at best when parts of Croatia were under direct Italian control during the second world war, today the relations between the two countries can be described as "very friendly", and both countries wish to improve their relations. Along with sharing a historically strong adherence to the Roman Catholic religion, they have various cultural similarities, with Croatia considered the most "Italian" of all the Slavic countries. Italian is a fairly popular foreign language in Croatia, with 15% of Croatians able to speak it well enough to have a conversation, according to Eurobarometer.
A problem arose with the fishing zones in the Adriatic Sea. Italy denied the right of Croatia to proclaim its Ecological and Fisheries Protection Zone before January 1, 2008, because that would have broken an earlier agreement with Italy and Slovenia. At the same time Italy, without breaking the agreement, has proclaimed its own zone.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 27, 2013. Retrieved August 7, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Croatia's Mesic suggests modification of proposed fishing zone likely". SETimes.com. 2008-01-01. Retrieved 2010-06-11.