Crawford (name)

ISBN (identifier) Scotland OL (identifier)

Crawford is a surname and a given name.

Origin

The surname Crawford originates from a locative name,[1] possibly derived from a place name composed of the Old English elements crāwe ("crow") and ford ("ford").[2] Examples of such place names include: Crawford, South Lanarkshire, Scotland,[3] Crawford, Dorset, England,[4] and Crawford, Lancashire, England.[4] The surname is most probably derived from the Scottish place name.[5][note 1] In some cases, the surname may be a variant of Crowfoot, a surname derived from a nickname.[7]

The surname Crawford corresponds to the Scottish Gaelic MacCreamhain,[8] and the Irish de Cráfort, Mac Crábhagáin, and Mac Raith.[9]

Early examples of forms of the surname include: John de Crauford, in 1147–1160 (Scotland),[10] Galfridus de Crauford, in 1188–1202 (Scotland), and Nicolaus de Crauford, in 1205 (England).[11]

The given name Crawford, generally a masculine name, is derived from the surname.[12]

Distribution

As a surname, Crawford is the 289th most common name in Great Britain, with 30,292 bearers. It is most common in South Lanarkshire where it is the 5th most common surname with 3,384 bearers and in Highland where it is the 8th most common surname with 3,394 bearers. Other concentrations include Belfast (25th, 3,328), Greater Manchester (58th, 3,378), Lancashire (327th, 1,852), West Midlands (341st, 1,796) and Essex (374th, 1,722), and Yorkshire.[citation needed] The countries with the highest percentages of Crawford families are Canada, Jamaica, Northern Ireland, and Scotland.[citation needed]

1881 distribution[13]
Country Number Crawford rank Ratio/freq
Scotland Scotland 8,842 68 1: 423
England England 5,794 623 1: 4,207
Wales Wales 94 993 1: 16,685
Jersey Jersey 12 761 1: 4,324
Isle of Man Isle of Man 5 1,028 1: 10,854
Guernsey Guernsey 2 1,834 1: 16,328
2014 distribution[13]
Country Number Crawford rank Ratio/freq
United States United States 181,790 139 1: 1,762
England England 19,633 309 1: 2,750
Canada Canada 15,512 239 1: 2,284
Australia Australia 12,918 191 1: 1,824
Scotland Scotland 6,773 77 1: 783
South Africa South Africa 6,721 977 1: 8,035
New Zealand New Zealand 3,839 105 1: 1,184
Northern Ireland Northern Ireland 3,422 58 1: 526
Jamaica Jamaica 2,284 193 1: 1,190
Republic of Ireland Ireland 983 719 1: 4,673

Surname

Ships

Given name

Fictional characters

Quincy Crawford, High school quarterback, TV series Ballers HBO

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The place name is first recorded as Crauford, in about 1150.[6]

Citations