Comprehensive Economic Partnership for East Asia
The Comprehensive Economic Partnership for East Asia (CEPEA) is a Japanese led proposal for trade co-operation, free trade agreement, among the 16 present member countries of the East Asia Summit. All those movements and efforts were taken over by the following Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership.
The 16 countries are:
- Southeast Asia: the 10 members of ASEAN
- East Asia: the three members of ASEAN Plus Three
- South Asia and Oceania:
The CEPEA proposal was advanced by Japan in conjunction with the establishment of the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA). The two mechanisms are designed to be mutually supporting liberalisation and co-operation.
The details of the concept and its relationship with other proposals for the region, such as the East Asian Community, remain unclear. An alternative proposal based on the 13 members of the ASEAN Plus Three is called the East Asia Free Trade Agreement (EAFTA).
19.We noted the final Phase II Report of the Track Two Study Group on Comprehensive Economic Partnership in East Asia (CEPEA) and welcomed the decision of our Economic Ministers who met in Bangkok on 15 August 2009 to task the Senior Economic Officials to discuss and consider the recommendations in the Phase I and II reports. CEPEA and East Asia Free Trade Area (EAFTA) could be examined and considered in parallel.
13.We noted the final report of the Phase II feasibility study of the East Asia Free Trade Area (EAFTA) and welcomed the decision of 12th AEM Plus Three Consultations in Bangkok on 15 August 2009 to task the Senior Economic Officials to discuss and consider the recommendations in the Phase I and II reports. EAFTA and Comprehensive Economic Partnership in East Asia (CEPEA) could be examined and considered in parallel.
30. We noted the initiatives being undertaken to take forward broader regional integration by considering the recommendations of both East Asia Free Trade Agreement (EAFTA) and the Comprehensive Economic Partnership for East Asia (CEPEA) studies together. We looked forward to receiving the progress report at the 17th ASEAN Summit in October 2010 and to discussing with our Dialogue Partners the future direction of regional architecture with ASEAN at its core.
By August 2010 working groups involving the 16 nations to study Economic Cooperation, Rules of Origin, Customs Procedures and Tariff Nomenclature had been formed.
In August 2011, East Asia Summit Economic Ministers welcomed a Chinese and Japanese joint 'Initiative on Speeding up the Establishment of EAFTA and CEPEA'.
East Asia Free Trade Agreement
13 of the 16 nations (excluding India, Australia and New Zealand) are also simultaneously negotiating an East Asia Free Trade Area.
The two processes are not alternatives and both are being pursued simultaneously
The 16 members are presently involved in a series of separate arrangements among the members of the grouping. The 10 members ASEAN have established the ASEAN Free Trade Area. Australia and New Zealand have the long established Closer Economic Relations.
Between the 16 members bilateral and multilateral arrangements are in place or under negotiation.
ASEAN has the following arrangements in place:
- the ASEAN–China Free Trade Area came into force on 1 January 2010;
- a comprehensive economic partnership agreement with Japan came into force on 1 December 2008;
- the ASEAN Korea Free Trade Agreement, the trade in goods provisions came into effect on 1 June 2007, an agreement for trade in services was signed in 2007 and the trade in investments provisions were signed in 2009;
- a free trade agreement with Australian and New Zealand (jointly) AANZFTA that came into force on 1 January 2010;
- the ASEAN-India Trade in Goods (TIG) Agreement came into effect on 1 January 2010. India has formally signed the Trade in Services & Trade in Investments Agreement with ASEAN. The Services Agreement will open up opportunities of movement of both manpower and investments from either side between India and ASEAN. Nine out of ten ASEAN countries have signed the same. Philippines is completing its domestic procedure and it is expected to sign soon;
plus China, Japan and South Korea are researching (as at October 2009) a joint arrangement between the three countries (China–Japan–South Korea Free Trade Agreement) with talks hoped to commence in 2012;
China has the following additional arrangements in place:
- China–South Korea Free Trade Agreement - came into force 20 December 2015;
- China–Australia Free Trade Agreement - came into force 20 December 2015;
- the New Zealand – China Free Trade Agreement came into force 1 October 2008;
- a feasibility study on an arrangement with India was positively concluded in 2007;
Japan has the following additional arrangements in place:
- negotiations with South Korea on an arrangement but which have been suspended since 2004;
- Japan–Australia Economic Partnership Agreement - negotiations with Australia on an arrangement;
- negotiations with India on an arrangement;
- conducting a feasibility study with New Zealand as of (14 May 2008)
South Korea has the following additional arrangements in place:
Australia has the following additional arrangements in place:
India has the following additional arrangements in place:
- a feasibility study with New Zealand about entry into an arrangement;
multiple additional bilateral arrangements between one or more ASEAN members separately.
In addition individual members of ASEAN may also have other arrangements in place beyond the arrangements negotiated by ASEAN as a bloc i.e., Singapore by itself outside of ASEAN has a series of FTAs.
Overview of current arrangements
The current status is summarised below.
|ASEAN||China||Japan||South Korea||Australia||New Zealand||India|
- Market Access Map (A free tool developed by International Trade Centre, which identify customs tariffs, tariff rate quotas, trade remedies, regulatory requirements and preferential regimes applicable to products, including Comprehensive Economic Partnership for East Asia)
- Rules of Origin Facilitator (A free tool jointly developed by International Trade Centre, World Trade Organization and World Customs Organization which enables traders to find specific criteria and general origin requirements applicable to their products, understand and comply with them in order to be eligible for preferential tariffs. The tool is very useful for traders who want to gain benefit from Comprehensive Economic Partnership for East Asia)
- Asia’s Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership|27 August 2012|East Asia Forum
- Comprehensive Economic Partnership in East Asia (Part 1)
- Towards Comprehensive Economic Partnership in East Asia
- Zhang, Yunling, " How to Realize EAFTA: Views from Joint Expert Group" (2006a, November). Paper presented at the Conference on South Asia-East AsiaEconomic Cooperation and Pan-Asian Integration, Singapore.
- Chairman's Statement of the 3rd East Asia Summit Singapore, 21 November 2007 at paragraph 14 Archived 16 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- Chairman’s Statement of the 4th East Asia Summit Cha-am Hua Hin, Thailand, 25 October 2009 Archived 27 November 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- Chairman’s Statement of the 12th ASEAN Plus Three Summit Cha-am Hua Hin, Thailand, 24 October 2009 Archived 5 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- Chairman’s Statement of the 16th ASEAN Summit “Towards the Asean Community: from Vision to Action" Archived 22 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- India Committed to Regional Integration of CEPEA
- [=https://dfat.gov.au/trade/agreements/negotiations/rcep/Pages/background-to-the-regional-comprehensive-economic-partnership-rcep-initiative.aspx "Background to the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) Initiative"] Check
|url=value (help). Retrieved 2 November 2019.
- Feasibility Study for East Asia Free Trade Area to Begin Archived 16 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- Ha Noi Declaration on the commemoration of the fifth anniversary of the EAST ASIA summit Archived 3 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine, paragraph 3
- ASEAN-Japan Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement
- Overview of ASEAN Korea (AKFTA) Archived 3 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- ASEAN AND SOUTH KOREA FTA Archived 1 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- ASEAN–Australia–New Zealand Free Trade Agreement Archived 17 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- India formally signs Trade in Services & Trade in Investments Agreement with ASEAN
- China, Japan, S. Korea to mull FTA China-Japan-ROK free trade talks 'set for 2012'
- Home Page > China's Free Trade Agreements under Consideration> China-India Regional Archived 14 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- Japan-Korea FTA cornerstone of the East Asian Community
- Japan-Republic of Korea Economic Partnership Agreement
- Australia-Japan Free Trade Agreement Negotiations Archived 16 March 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- Japan-Australia Economic Partnership Agreement
- Japan-India Economic Partnership Agreement
- Daniels, Chris (13 May 2008). "High powered push for Japan trade deal". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
- Australia-Korea Free Trade Agreement (FTA) Negotiations Archived 27 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- Fleming, Grant (16 May 2008). "Clark looks to put Korea in trade bag". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
- India, South Korea ink free trade pact
- Australia-India FTA Feasibility Study Archived 22 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- India Free Trade Agreement - New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade Archived 5 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- Singapore's FTAs