Coalition of the Gulf War

Gulf War Panavia Tornado Durance-class tanker

Under United Nations Security Council Resolution 678, a coalition of 35 countries, led by the United States, fought Iraq in the Gulf War from 1990–1991.

Coalition by number of military personnel

Multinational group (Qatari, French, U.S., and Canadian Air Forces) of fighter jets during Operation Desert Shield
A Royal Saudi Air Force Tornado F3 during Operation Desert Storm.
Coalition troops from Egypt, France, Oman, Syria, and Kuwait stand for review during Operation Desert Storm.
List of Coalition forces by number of military personnel
Country Number of Personnel Comments / Major Events
 United States 697,000[1] Operation Desert Shield
Operation Desert Storm
Battle of Khafji
Battle of 73 Easting
Battle of Al Busayyah
Battle of Phase Line Bullet
Battle of Medina Ridge
Battle of Wadi Al-Batin
Battle of Norfolk
 Saudi Arabia 60,000 – 100,000 Operation Desert Shield
Battle of Khafji
Operation Desert Storm
 United Kingdom 53,462[2] Operation Granby. 16 ships, 58 aircraft, 1st Armd Div HQ, 7th Armd Bde, 4th Armd Bde[3]
 Egypt 35,000 Operation Desert Storm
 France 18,000 Opération Daguet. LTG Michel Roquejoeoffre: 20,000 troops, 14 ships, 1 CV, more than 75 aircraft, 350 tanks, & 6th Armored Division.[3]
 Syria 14,500 Operation Desert Storm
 Morocco 13,000 Security Personnel
 Kuwait 9,900 Invasion of Kuwait
Operation Desert Storm
 Oman 6,300 Operation Desert Storm
 Pakistan 4,900 – 5,500 Backup team
 Canada 4,600 Operation Friction
 United Arab Emirates 4,300 Operation Desert Storm
 Qatar 2,600 Battle of Khafji
 Bangladesh 2,300[4] (Operation Moru-prantar) Security Personnel including 2 field Ambulance teams
 Italy 1,950 (Operazione Locusta) Deployed 8 Panavia Tornado strike attack aircraft, Naval deployment (Operazione Golfo 2)
 Australia 700 Australian contribution to the 1991 Gulf War. Australia contributed at least 1 guided missile frigate, 1 destroyer, 1 supply ship.[3]
 Netherlands 700 Naval deployment; Air Force deployments of Surface-to-Air Missiles to Turkey and Israel
 Niger 600 Patroller group. At least 480 troops guarding shrines in Mecca and Medina.[3]
 Sweden 525[5] Field hospital
 Senegal 500 Base Guards
 Spain 500 on the field / 3,000 off the coast Engineers
 Bahrain 400 Base Guards
 Belgium 400 Base Engineers
 Poland 319 Operation Simoom
Naval and medical deployment
 South Korea 314 Medical and transportation support
 Norway 280 Naval vessel and field hospital + intelligence information
 Czechoslovakia 200-man chemical defence unit and 150 medical personnel [3] Operation Desert Shield
Operation Desert Storm
Czechoslovakia in the Gulf War
 Greece 200 Hellenic Air Force Pilots and ground support staff
 Philippines 200 Medical personnel
 Denmark 100 HDMS Olfert Fischer (Niels Juel Class Corvette)[3]
 New Zealand 100 2 C-130 Hercules transporter aircraft[6]
 Afghanistan 300 300 Mujaheddin joining coalition on Feb 11, 1991
 Argentina 450 2 frigates and 450 troops[3]
 Belgium 2 minesweepers, 1 squadron of fighters to Turkey[3]
 Germany 1 squadron of fighters to Turkey [4]
 Greece 1 frigate in Red Sea [3]
 Honduras 150 Washington Post Jan, 15, 1991: 150 troops sent, may send 350 more.[3]
 Italy 4 ships, 8 Tornado fighters, 6 F-104 fighters to Turkey[3]
 Senegal 500[3]
 Spain 2 corvettes and 1 destroyer patrolling near Bab al Mandeb[3]
 Hungary 40 Medical team[7]

Coalition by divisions

Army Central Command

Marine Central Command

Joint Forces Command East

Joint Forces Command North

Commanders of coalition

Bangladesh

Czechoslovakia

Egypt

France

Italy

Saudi Arabia

Syria

United Kingdom

United States

Coalition by equipment

United States

Tanks

Armored vehicles

Self-propelled artillery/mortars/rockets

Anti-aircraft

Artillery and mortars

Engineering and recovery vehicles

Command vehicles

Other vehicles

Helicopters

Aircraft

Aircraft carriers

Battleships

Submarines

Amphibious assault ships

Guided missile cruisers

Destroyer tenders

Destroyers

Guided missile destroyers

Frigates

Amphibious transport docks

Ammunition ships

Dock landing ships

Tank landing ships

Fast sealift ships

Fleet oilers

Combat stores ships

Fast combat support ships

Replenishment oiler ships

Minesweepers

Repair ships

Rescue and salvage ships

Sealift ships

Hospital ships

Amphibious cargo ships

Mine countermeasure ships

Survey ships

Light watercraft

United Kingdom

Tanks

Armoured vehicles

Self-propelled artillery/mortars/rockets

Anti-aircraft

Artillery and mortars

Engineering and recovery vehicles

Command vehicles

Other vehicles

Aircraft

Frigates

Destroyers

Submarines

Fleet support tankers

Fast fleet tankers

Stores ships

Mine countermeasure vessels

Fleet repair ships

Primary casualty reception vessels

Saudi Arabia

Tanks

Armoured vehicles

Self-propelled artillery/mortars/rockets

Artillery and mortars

Anti-aircraft

Other vehicles

Helicopters

Aircraft

Frigates

Corvettes

Patrol ships

Replenishment ships

Kuwait

Tanks

Armoured vehicles

Helicopters

Aircraft

Fast attack craft

France

Tanks

Other armoured vehicles

Artillery and mortars

Anti-aircraft

Other vehicles

Helicopters

Aircraft

Aircraft carriers

Amphibious transport docks

Cruisers

Destroyers

Corvettes

Minehunters

Replenishment ships

Support ships

Qatar

Tanks

Italy

Fighter jets

Destroyers

Frigates

Replenishment ships

Poland

Hospital ship

Salvage ship

Czechoslovakia

Other vehicles

Canada

Destroyers

Fighter aircraft

Transport aircraft

Helicopters

Patrol, surveillance aircraft

Supply/replenishment ship

Argentina[9]

Destroyers

Frigates

Amphibious cargo ships

Helicopters

Transport aircraft

Australia

Destroyers

Frigates

Replenishment ships

Transport aircraft

Norway

Patrol ships

Denmark

Corvettes

Greece

Frigates

Spain

Destroyers

Corvettes

The Netherlands[12]

Frigates

Minehunters

Replenishment ships

Mobile field hospital

Maritime patrol aircraft

Belgium[13]

Frigates

Minehunters

Support ships

Notes and references

  1. ^ Hyams, K. C., K. Hanson, F. S. Wignall, J. Escamilla, and E. C. Oldfield, 3rd. "The Impact of Infectious Diseases on the Health of U.S. Troops Deployed to the Persian Gulf During Operations Desert Shield/Desert Storm." Reprinted with permission of Clinical Infectious Diseases. Force Health Protection & Readiness Policy & Programs, 20 June 1995. Web. 9 June 2014.
  2. ^ "1990/1991 Gulf Conflict" retrieved 25 March 2011 "Ministry of Defence"
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Desert Shield and Desert Storm: A Chronology and Troop List for the 1990–1991 Persian Gulf Crisis" (PDF). apps.dtic.mil. 1991-03-25. Retrieved 2018-12-18.
  4. ^ a b Hossain, Ishtiaq (April 1997). "Bangladesh and the Gulf War: Response of a Small State". Pakistan Horizon. Pakistan Institute of International Affairs. 50 (2): 42. JSTOR 41393571.
  5. ^ http://www.mil.se/sv/i-varlden/Utlandsstyrkan/Truppinsatser/Kuwait/ Archived 2009-05-27 at the Wayback Machine Field hospital deployed as part of Operation Granby (in Swedish)
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-05-22. Retrieved 2010-01-26.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Royal New Zealand Air Force website
  7. ^ Lieutenant Colonel Joseph P. Englehardt. "DESERT SHIELD AND DESERT STORM A CHRONOLOGY AND TROOP LIST FOR THE 1990–1991 PERSIAN GULF CRISIS" (PDF). Defense Technical Information Center.
  8. ^ OP SCALPEL War Journal
  9. ^ "La Armada Argentina en el Golfo". Archived from the original on 2018-06-24. Retrieved 2010-06-09.
  10. ^ El TC-91, un avión con mucha historia
  11. ^ A 12 AÑOS DEL BOEING UNAG-1 EN LA GUERRA DEL GOLFO I Archived 2011-03-05 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ https://english.defensie.nl/topics/historical-missions/mission-overview/1990/the-gulf-war/dutch-contribution
  13. ^ http://www.wielingen1991.org/en/mission_/the_operation.htm