Catholic Slavs

Czech Republic Slovenia Poland
Catholic Slavs
Catholic Slavs.png
  Catholic Slavic countries (Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia and Croatia)[citation needed]
Total population
c. 60,500,000 (2018 est.)[citation needed]
Regions with significant populations
Central Europe and Southeastern Europe
Languages
West Slavic
South Slavic
Religion
Catholic Church
Related ethnic groups
Other Slavs

Catholic Slavs and Slavic Catholic are terms used for the historically and/or predominantly Catholic Slavic ethnic groups and nations and for the history of Catholicism among the Slavic peoples. The Catholic Slavic nations include all West Slavs (Poles, Czechs and Slovaks and all their sub-ethnicities ex. Kashubs, Silesians) as well as the westernmost South Slavs (Slovenes and Croats).[1][failed verification]

History

Middle Ages

Grand Duke Kazimierz IV of Lithuania and Poland (r. 1440–92) initiated the Catholicization of Kiev (which was Orthodox) early in his reign.[2]

Early modern period

The Union of Brest (1596) saw the official establishment of the Uniate Church (Eastern in custom and ritual but subscribing to Catholic dogma and submission to the Pope as head of the Church) in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.[2]

The Habsburg Monarchy launched a programme of re-Catholicization in Bohemia and Moravia in the 1620s.[3] The Serbian Orthodox Eparchy of Marča became Uniate in 1611, although it was part of a conflict between local Catholic and Orthodox clergy over the century.[4]

Modern states

Modern countries in which historically Catholic Slavs formed a majority or otherwise such nation states include:[citation needed]

See also

References

  1. ^ Slavica Jakelic (23 May 2016). Collectivistic Religions: Religion, Choice, and Identity in Late Modernity. Routledge. pp. 101–. ISBN 978-1-317-16420-3.
  2. ^ a b Cooper 2003, p. 227.
  3. ^ Josef V. Polišenský (1971). The Thirty Years War. University of California Press. pp. 141–. ISBN 978-0-520-01868-6.
  4. ^ Zlatko Kudelić (2007). Marčanska biskupija: Habsburgovci, pravoslavlje i crkvena unija u Hrvatsko-slavonskoj vojnoj krajini (1611. - 1755). Hrvatski Inst. za Povijest. ISBN 978-953-6324-62-0.