Canadian Alliance leadership elections

Canadian Alliance Stephen Harper Preston Manning

The Canadian Alliance, a conservative political party in Canada, held two leadership elections to choose the party's leader. The first was held shortly after the party's founding in 2000, and the second was held in 2002. The party merged with the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in 2003 to form the Conservative Party of Canada.

The 1987 founding convention of the Reform Party of Canada elected Preston Manning as party leader by acclamation. Manning was re-ratified as leader at every subsequent convention of the party without opposition.

The Reform Party became the "Canadian Reform Conservative Alliance" (better known as the "Canadian Alliance") in 2000 and had its first contested leadership election. Canadian Alliance leadership votes were conducted via a pure one member, one vote system in which each party member cast a ballot with equal weight.

In the CA's system, the leader was the candidate who received 50% plus one of all votes cast (i.e., an absolute majority). If no candidate had an absolute majority on the first ballot, the top two candidates participated in a run-off election several weeks after the first ballot.

2000 leadership election

Votes by ballot[1][2]
Candidate First Ballot
June 24
Second Ballot
July 8
Votes % Votes %
Stockwell Day - July 2010.jpg Stockwell Day 53,249 44.17% 72,349 63.45%
Preston Manning in 2004.jpg Preston Manning 43,527 36.10% 41,869 36.6%
Tom Long 21,894 18.16% Endorsed Manning[3]
KM swearing in pub.jpg Keith Martin 1,676 1.14% Endorsed Manning[4]
John Stachow 211 0.18%
Total 120,557 100.0% 114,218 100.0%


Stockwell Day: 49, Progressive Conservative Treasurer of Alberta (since 1997), Alberta Minister of Social Services (1996-1997) Alberta Minister of Labour (1992-1996), MLA for Red Deer North (since 1986), and former assistant pastor and school administrator at the Bentley Christian Centre in Bentley, Alberta.

Preston Manning: 58, founder and leader of the Reform Party of Canada (1987-2000), Member of Parliament for Calgary Southwest, Alberta (since 1993), Leader of the Opposition (1997-2000).

Tom Long:, 42, lawyer, former president of the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario (1986-1989), chair of Ontario PC election campaigns in 1995 and 1999, co-chair of Canadian Alliance founding convention.

Keith Martin: 40, physician and Member of Parliament for the riding of Esquimalt—Juan de Fuca, British Columbia (since 1993). Martin advocated a position that was conservative on economic issues but is socially liberal.

John Stachow: 37, Ontario Power Generation worker from Myrtle, Ontario,[5] advocate of a "social credit", and that the government of Canada to assume direct control over the nation's money supply, rather than leaving this responsibility in the hands of private banks. Opponent of the 1913 Bank Act.[6][7]

To be nominated, candidates needed to submit signatures from 300 Canadian Alliance members and a $25,000 deposit.[7]

2002 leadership election

Votes by ballot[2][8]
Candidate First Ballot
March 20, 2002
Votes %
Stephen-Harper-Cropped-2014-02-18.jpg Stephen Harper 48,561 55.04%
Stockwell Day - July 2010.jpg Stockwell Day 33,074 37.49
Diane Ablonczy (2).jpg Diane Ablonczy 3,370 3.82%
Grant Hill 3,223 3.65%
Total 88,228 100.0%

Stephen Harper: 43, President of the National Citizens Coalition (1998-2002); Reform Party Member of Parliament, 1993-1997, for Calgary West, Alberta (1993-1997), Reform Party Critic for Intergovernmental Affairs (1994-1997), and Finance (1995-1996). Economist by profession.

Stockwell Day: 51, leader of the Canadian Alliance (2000-2001), Member of Parliament for Okanagan—Coquihalla, British Columbia (since 2000); former Alberta cabinet minister and MLA; agreed to resign and recontest the Canadian Alliance leadership following a caucus revolt.

Diane Ablonczy: 52, lawyer, Opposition Critic for Human Resources Development, Member of Parliament for Calgary North (1993-1997), then Calgary—Nose Hill, Alberta (since 1997).

Grant Hill: 58, medical doctor, Opposition Critic for Intergovernmental Affairs, former Critic for Health (1994-1999), Member of Parliament for Macleod, Alberta (since 1993).

During the early campaign, Toronto drag queen Enza Anderson also declared her candidacy for the leadership, although she dropped her bid before the official registration deadline.

See also


  1. ^ Jon H. Pammett and Christopher Dornan (ed) (2001). The Canadian General Election of 2000. Dundurn Press.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  2. ^ a b "CANADIAN REFORM CONSERVATIVE ALLIANCE". Parlinfo. Parliament of Canada. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
  3. ^ "Long supports Manning in Alliance leadership race". Globe and Mail. 30 June 2000. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
  4. ^ "Band wagon for Day rolling past Manning: Some Canadian Alliance backers suggest founder of Reform should concede defeat". Globe and Mail. 27 June 2000.
  5. ^ Ellis, Faron (2005). The Limits of Participation: Members and Leaders in Canada's Reform Party. University of Calgary Press. p. 173. ISBN 1-55238-156-0.
  6. ^ Irene Gentle, "Leadership Debate as Entertaining as Circus", in The Canadian Champion, June 9, 2000, p.7
  7. ^ a b "Ontario nuclear worker makes last-minute bid to lead Alliance". Globe and Mail. 30 May 2000.
  8. ^ Jon H. Pammett and Christopher Dorman (2004). The Canadian General Election of 2004. Dundrun Press. pp. 79. ISBN 1550025163.