Canada–Turkey relations

Canada Turkey Ankara
Canadian–Turkish relations
Map indicating locations of Canada and Turkey

Canada

Turkey

Canadian–Turkish relations are foreign relations between Canada and Turkey. Both countries are members of the G20, NATO, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, United Nations and the World Trade Organization.

History

The first Turkish migrants arrived to Canada in the late 19th century from what was then the Ottoman Empire.[1] In 1922, soon after obtaining its independence, Canada issued its first foreign policy mandate to the United Kingdom that it would not partake in war with Turkey during the Chanak Crisis.[2] First official contact between both nations took place in 1943 when the Turkish government informed Ottawa of its intent to open a resident embassy, which was opened in 1944.[3] Canada followed suit in 1947 by opening an embassy in Ankara.[4]

During the Cold War, relations between both nations evolved mainly around military and security cooperation within the framework of NATO.[3] In March 1985, three members of the Armenian Revolutionary Army attacked the Turkish embassy in Ottawa and held the Ambassador and several other people within the embassy hostage. The attackers wanted Turkey to acknowledge the Armenian Genocide. After four hours, the hostages were released unharmed and the armed men were taken into police custody.[5] This was the third assault on Turkish diplomatic staff in Ottawa by Armenian attackers in three years.[5]

In 2004, the Canadian Parliament formally recognized the Armenian Genocide.[6] Canada's recognition has had an adverse effect on the bilateral relations between the two countries.[3]

There have been numerous high-level visits between leaders of both nations. In June 2010, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan paid a visit to Canada to attend the G20 Summit in Toronto. In November 2015, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau paid a visit to Turkey to attend the G20 Summit in Antalya.[7]

In June 2019, Canada and Turkey signed a Memorandum of Understanding establishing a Joint Economic and Trade Committee, with a view to holding annual meetings between Canadian and Turkish officials and businesses to expand bilateral trade and investment opportunities.[4]

Trade

In 2019, trade between both nations totaled US$2.4 billion dollars.[3] Over 350 Canadian companies have investments in Turkey, mostly in the fields of energy, mining, information technology and infrastructure.[3]

Resident diplomatic missions

See also

References