Canada–Kenya relations

Canada Kenya Nairobi
Canada-Kenya relations
Map indicating locations of Canada and Kenya

Canada

Kenya

Canada–Kenya relations are the bilateral relations between Canada and the Republic of Kenya. Both nations are members of the Commonwealth of Nations and the United Nations.

History

In December 1963, Kenya obtained its independence from the United Kingdom and in 1964, Canada and Kenya established diplomatic relations.[1] In 1967, Canada opened its first resident High Commission in Nairobi. Canada’s High Commission in Nairobi is Canada's largest diplomatic mission in Africa.[2]

Canada and Kenya's relationship is founded on a range of shared interests including poverty reduction, sustainable economic growth, the empowerment of women and girls, supporting refugees, and regional security and stability. In August 1981, Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau paid a visit to Kenya to attend a U.N. energy conference.[3]

In 1989, Kenyan President, Daniel arap Moi, recalled the Kenyan high commissioner to Canada. Two weeks earlier Somali Canadians had held a protest outside the Kenyan High Commission in Ottawa over a new law requiring the registration of all ethnic Somalis in Kenya. President Moi accused the Canadian government of approving the protest, and demanded an apology. Protests arranged by Moi's Kenya African National Union took place outside the Canadian High Commission and in other cities. In Mombasa an effigy of then High Commissioner Raynell Andreychuk was imprisoned in a street side stall.[4][5]

In 2008 Canada pledged one million dollars worth of aid to Kenya after the disputed presidential election of President Mwai Kibaki.[6] Canada posted a travel advisory to any of its citizens cautioning them about situation in Kenya. However, a few months later Canada lifted the advisory and stated that the two were back to "business as usual".[7]

In February 2009, the Canadian government announced that it was dropping Kenya from its list of preferred countries to receive foreign aid. This list includes 18 countries including the West Bank and countries in the Caribbean.[8]

In 2018, Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta attended the 44th G7 summit in La Malbaie, Canada and the Women Deliver Conference in Vancouver in 2019.[2] Between 2017-2018, Canada provided US$83.84 million in international assistance to Kenya.[2]

Trade

In 2018, two-way trade between Canada and Kenya totaled US$174.5 million.[2] Canada's main exports to Kenya include: vehicles and equipment, vegetable products, and textile products. Kenya's main exports to Canada include: vegetable products and textile products.[2]

High Commission of Kenya in Ottawa

Resident diplomatic missions

See also

References

  1. ^ A Guide to Canadian Diplomatic Relations 1925-2019
  2. ^ a b c d e Canada - Kenya Relations
  3. ^ Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, in Kenya to attend a...
  4. ^ "Marchers in Kenya denounce Canada over Ottawa protest." The Montreal Gazette. December 1, 1989. pg. F.12
  5. ^ "Demonstrations in Ottawa cause backlash in Kenya. " Todd Shields. The Globe and Mail. January 12, 1990. pg. A.13
  6. ^ "Canada pledges $1 million in aid for Kenya". CBC. 2008-01-04. Retrieved 2009-04-17.
  7. ^ Machuka, Maseme. "Kenya: Canada Withdraws Travel Advisory". AllAfrica.com. Retrieved 2009-04-17.
  8. ^ Alexander Panetta, "Canada limits main foreign aid recipients to 20 countries", Canada East website (accessed 3 March 2009)
  9. ^ Canadian High Commission in Nairobi
  10. ^ Kenyan High Commission in Ottawa