Canada–Kazakhstan relations

Kazakhstan Canada Kazakhstan–Russia relations

Canada-Kazakhstan relations
Map indicating locations of Canada and Kazakhstan

Canada

Kazakhstan

Canada–Kazakhstan relations are foreign relations between Canada and Kazakhstan. The countries established diplomatic relations with each other in 1992. Canada has an embassy in Astana. Kazakhstan has an embassy in Ottawa and a consulate in Toronto.

Both countries are full members of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. The President of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, made an official visit to Canada in May 2003.

Political

Embassy of Kazakhstan in Ottawa

Canada and Kazakhstan established diplomatic relations with each other in 1992.[1] Canada established an embassy in Almaty, which it later moved to Astana.[1] Kazakhstan is represented in Canada through its embassy in Ottawa.[1] On March 31, 2009, Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev met with Canada's ex-prime minister Jean Chrétien to discuss deepening mutual relations. After their conversation, Chrétien went on to say, "We should use new economic opportunities. It is high time to start new projects. During the talks with Kazakh President we discussed cooperation in various spheres. Kazakhstan and Canada can work together".[2][3] Also in 2009, Kazakh Prime Minister Karim Massimov met with Canadian Senator Consiglio Di Nino.[4]

On November 13, 2013, Kazakhstan and Canada Foreign Minister John Baird signed a new agreement of peaceful atomic energy and new technology. The two also discussed agriculture and visa regimes.[5]

Economic

Initial trade and investment between the two countries focused on agriculture and mining, with nominal but decreasing exports of oil and gas machinery from Canada to Kazakhstan.[6] According to Rod Lever, the Chief Representative to Russia for Export Development Canada, "Kazakhstan has been able to develop commercial relations with Canada keyed to shared strengths in agriculture and extractive industries",[6] and there is an increased emphasis in Canadian export of aerospace and telecommunications equipment, such as regional jets.[6] The focus on agriculture has led to Canadian equipment gaining nearly 25 percent of the agriculture and machinery market in Kazakhstan.[6]

Canadian exports to Kazakhstan have been growing steadily, and increased by over 50% in 2007 to reach a total of CAD $182.7 million for that year,[1][7] from $138 million in 2005.[6] As of 2008, there are 170 Canadian companies active in the market and more than forty with a permanent presence there. Canada is also among the top ten foreign investors in the country, with investments totaling more than two billion CAD.[1][7]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Canada-Kazakhstan Relations". Government of Canada. Retrieved April 13, 2009.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Kazakh President receives ex-Premier of Canada". KAZINFORM. Retrieved April 13, 2009.
  3. ^ "Nazarbayev, ex-Prime Minister of Canada discussed strengthening of bilateral trade and economic cooperation". Kazakhstan Today. Retrieved April 13, 2009.
  4. ^ "Senate of Canada". KAZINFORM. April 9, 2009. Retrieved April 13, 2009.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 31, 2013. Retrieved November 19, 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ a b c d e Brake, Peter. "ExportWise - Winter 2007 - Kazakhstan and Canada: Opportunities keyed on shared strengths". Export Development Canada. Archived from the original on April 11, 2009. Retrieved April 14, 2009.
  7. ^ a b Davis, Jeff (December 10, 2008). "Canada's Cautious Credit Policies Intrigue Kazakhstan". Embassy Magazine ( The Hill Times Publishing Inc). Archived from the original on December 11, 2008. Retrieved April 13, 2009.