Canada–Hungary relations

Canada Hungary European Union
Canada-Hungary relations
Map indicating locations of Canada and Hungary

Canada

Hungary

Canada–Hungary relations refers to the bilateral relations between Canada and Hungary. The importance of which centers on the history of Hungarian migration to Canada. Approximately 300,000 Canadians have Hungarian ancestry.[1] Both nations are members of NATO, the OECD and the United Nations.

History

Canada's Millennial Gift to the Hungarian People

The first contact between Canada and Hungary was through Hungarian migrants immigrating to Canada in the early 1800s and settling mainly in Ontario and in the Prairie Provinces.[1] In 1867, Canada became a confederated state and that same year, Hungary joined Austria and created the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Initially, all official contact between Canada and the empire was conducted via-London.

In August 1914, the United Kingdom declared war on the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Germany. Canada joined British forces and fought together during World War I.[2] At the end of the war in 1918, Hungary became an independent nation. During World War II, Canadian and Hungarian troops fought against each other during the Western Allied invasion of Germany. At the end of the war, Hungary became a communist state. Between 1948 and 1952 some 12,000 postwar displaced Hungarians arrived to Canada.[1]

As a result of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, over 30,000 Hungarians left Hungary in 1956 and 1957 and emigrated to Canada which was one of the few countries to receive them.[3] In 1964, Canada and Hungary officially established diplomatic relations and in 1965, Canada sent its first resident ambassador to Hungary.[4][5] In 1989, Hungary became a free and democratic country and in July 1990, occupying Soviet troops left the country. There have also been several high-level visits between both countries. During the 1990s, the Canadian government spent money on advertisements in Hungary in order to dissuade Hungarians from immigrating to Canada.[6]

In 2014, Canada and Hungary celebrated 50 years of diplomatic relations.[7]

High-level visits

High-level visits from Canada to Hungary[8]

High-level visits from Hungary to Canada[8]

Bilateral relations

Both nations have signed several bilateral agreements such as an Agreement on the Enhancement and Protection of Foreign Investments (1991), Agreement on the Elimination of Double Taxation (1992), Criminal Legal Aid Treaty (1995), and an Agreement on Aviation (1998).[4]

Transport

There are direct flights between Budapest and Toronto with Air Canada Rouge.

Trade

In 2018, trade between Canada and Hungary totaled $871 million Canadian dollars.[9] Canada's main exports to Hungary include: electrical machinery, vehicles, optical and medical equipment and plastics. Hungary's main exports to Canada include: machinery, pharmaceutical products, electrical machinery, vehicles, and optical and medical equipment.[4] Canadian company Linamar, one of Canada's largest automobile industry suppliers, employs 2,300 workers in Hungary and is expanding its operations in the country.[10] In October 2016, Canada and the European Union (which includes Hungary) signed a free trade agreement known as the "Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement".

Resident diplomatic missions

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Hungarian Canadians
  2. ^ Veterans Affairs Canada: The Conflict Begins
  3. ^ Hungarian Immigration to Canada
  4. ^ a b c Canadian-Hungary Relations
  5. ^ Lester B. Pearson and Canadian External Affairs: Hungary
  6. ^ The Atlantic. May 2018 https://web.archive.org/web/20191023085037/https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2018/05/theres-a-perception-that-canada-is-being-invaded/561032/. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ Canada-Hungary Diplomatic Relations Celebrate 50 Years
  8. ^ a b Hungarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Canada
  9. ^ Canadian Trade Commission Service: Hungary - Market Overview
  10. ^ The signing of the free trade agreement between the European Union and Canada is in Hungary’s interests
  11. ^ Embassy of Canada in Budapest
  12. ^ Embassy of Hungary in Ottawa