Canada–Chile relations

Canada Spain Canada–Chile Free Trade Agreement
Canada-Chile relations
Map indicating locations of Canada and Chile



Canada–Chile relations refers to the diplomatic relations between Canada and Chile. Both nations are members of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, Cairns Group, Organization of American States and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.


In 1818, Chile declared its independence from Spain and their independence was recognized in 1844. In 1892, Chile opened a consulate in the Canadian city of Vancouver due to the presence of Chilean sailors in the city.[1] Chile would continue to open consulates in other Canadian cities such as in Quebec City (1885), Brantford (1907) and in Montreal (1923). At the time, Canada did not have a diplomatic presence in Chile as it was still part of the British Empire and all of its international affairs were conducted via London. Canada assumed full control of it diplomatic relations after the passing of the Statute of Westminster in 1931.

During World War II, Canada began to establish diplomatic relations with Latin American nations. In 1941, a Canadian commercial mission headed to Chile and signed a commercial treaty.[1] Chile, a member of the ABC countries (which also included Argentina and Brazil) was seen as an important member nation within the region and Canada established diplomatic relations with Chile in 1941.[1] In July 1942, Chile opened a diplomatic legation office in Ottawa. That same year, Canada also opened a legation office in Santiago. In June 1944, both nations upgraded their legation offices to embassies, respectively.[1]

On 11 September 1973, democratically elected Chilean President Salvador Allende was removed from power in a coup d'état by General Augusto Pinochet. Soon after the coup, several Chilean nationals fled to the Canadian embassy in Santiago for asylum. Canadian first secretary Marc Dolgin and David Adam allowed entry to the Chilean asylees and housed them at the embassy and at the Canadian ambassador's residence (at the time, the ambassador was in Argentina). Some 16 people were admitted to the embassy. After a month of hosting the Chileans, Canada (and the Chilean government) allowed for all 16 people to be sent to Canada for resettlement.[2] From 1973 to 1990, Canada would receive approximately 7,000 Chilean nationals as refugees.[2]

In 2016, both nations celebrated 75 years of diplomatic relations.[3] Air Canada operates direct flights between Toronto and Santiago.

High-level visits

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Chilean President Michelle Bachelet attending the APEC summit in Peru, 2016.

Prime Ministerial visits from Canada to Chile[4][5][6]

Presidential visits from Chile to Canada[7][8]


In 1996, Canada and Chile signed a free trade agreement.[9] In 2017, trade between Canada and Chile totaled $2.9 billion Canadian dollars.[3] Canada's exports to Chile include: machinery, chemicals, cereals fats and oils, and mineral products. Chile's exports to Canada include: copper, precious stones and metals (mostly gold and silver), fruits, fish and seafood (salmon), and beverages (wine). In 2015, Canada had $15 billion worth of investments in Chile and is the third largest investor in Chile after the United States and Spain.[10] Canadian multinational companies such as Barrick Gold and Scotiabank invest in Chile. Chilean wines can be found throughout Canada.

Resident diplomatic missions

See also


  1. ^ a b c d Relations between Chile and Canada during the Second World War
  2. ^ a b How the Chilean coup forever changed Canada’s refugee policies
  3. ^ a b Canada - Chile Relations
  4. ^ Visit to Mexico, Brazil, Argentina and Chile by Prime Minister Jean Chrétien
  5. ^ Prime Minister Paul Martin in Chile
  6. ^ Stephen Harper looks to deepen trade with longtime South American ally Chile
  7. ^ Prime Minister Harper and Chilean President Michelle Bachelet Strengthen Canada-Chile Relations
  8. ^ "Visit to Canada of His Excellency Sebastián Piñera". Archived from the original on 2013-07-02. Retrieved 2017-04-28.
  9. ^ "Canada-Chile Free Trade Agreement". Archived from the original on 2017-05-14. Retrieved 2017-04-28.
  10. ^ "Chile-Canada Bilateral Relations (in Spanish)". Archived from the original on 2017-06-06. Retrieved 2017-04-28.
  11. ^ Embassy of Canada in Santiago
  12. ^ Embassy of Chile in Ottawa