Cadillac twin-turbo V8

Cadillac CT6 Turbocharger Aluminum
Cadillac Blackwing V8
Overview
ManufacturerGeneral Motors
Also calledLTA
Blackwing
Production2019–2020
Layout
Configuration90° V8
Displacement4.2 L; 255.8 cu in (4,192 cc)
Cylinder bore86 mm (3.39 in)
Piston stroke90.2 mm (3.55 in)
Block materialAluminum
Head materialAluminum
ValvetrainDOHC 4 valves x cyl.
Compression ratio9.8:1
Combustion
Turbochargerhot-V twin scroll Twin-turbos with intercoolers
Fuel systemDirect injection
Fuel typeGasoline
Cooling systemWater-cooled
Output
Power output500–550 hp (373–410 kW)
Specific power131.2 hp (97.8 kW) per liter
Torque output574–640 lb⋅ft (778–868 N⋅m)
Chronology
PredecessorCadillac Northstar engine

The Cadillac Blackwing V8 (GM RPO LTA) is a twin-turbo DOHC V8 engine produced by General Motors for use in Cadillac vehicles only. It is a clean sheet engine design, as well as Cadillac's first ever twin-turbo V8 engine. The engine was branded as the "Blackwing V8" by GM technicians, and is the first Cadillac-exclusive dual overhead cam V8 engine since the Northstar V8 was dropped in 2011.[1]

The aluminum cylinder block features pressed-in iron liners, cross-bolted main bearing caps and houses a lightweight rotating assembly composed of a forged steel crankshaft, forged steel connecting rods and high strength hypereutectic aluminum pistons. Its firing order is 1-5-4-3-6-8-7-2.

The aluminum cylinder heads house dual overhead camshafts and four valves per cylinder; exhaust valves are sodium-filled.

The turbochargers are mounted between the cylinder banks in a so-called hot-V configuration and their twin scroll design broadens their performance capability, offering quicker response and greater efficiency. The turbochargers produce up to 20 psi (1.4 bar) and are matched with electronic wastegate control for more precise boost management and more responsive torque production. Ninety percent of the engine's peak torque is available at 2000 rpm and carried through 5200 rpm.

The engine features the following highlight characteristics:

All versions were slated to be equipped with the 10L90 10-speed automatic transmission and Cadillac's all-wheel drive system.

Production

When Cadillac introduced the new CT6-V in March 2018, the production was limited to 275 units for the US market. The entire allocations were sold out in minutes as soon as the pre-order book was opened in January 2019.[2] Cadillac did not anticipate the strong demand and introduced the second CT6 model with detuned Blackwing engine: CT6 4.2 Platinum, which sold out quickly as well.[3]

Cancellation

Cadillac intended for the Blackwing V8 engine to be exclusive for its flagship sedan, CT6, and stillborn larger sedan, Escala.[4] However, the CT6 has been a poor seller during its entire model run and was cancelled on February 2020 (at the beginning of the emerging Covid-19 pandemic). With estimated production cost of $20,000 per engine, the Blackwing V8 would be too expensive for Escalade given the fact that each engine was built by one specialist builder. The Blackwing V8 engine without twin turbochargers would produce similar performance as cheaper 3.0-litre twin turbocharged LGW V6 engine.

Versions

Engine
Years Model Power Torque
2019 Cadillac CT6 4.2 Platinum 500 hp (373 kW) @ 5,700 rpm 574 lb⋅ft (778 N⋅m) @ 3,200-4,000 rpm
Cadillac CT6-V 550 hp (410 kW) @ 5,700 rpm 640 lb⋅ft (868 N⋅m) @ 3,200-4,000 rpm

See also

References

  1. ^ Brzozowski, Aaron (20 September 2018). "What's A Northstar? New Twin-Turbo Cadillac V8 Named 'Blackwing'". GM Authority.
  2. ^ Luft, Alex (23 January 2019). "2019 Cadillac CT6-V Preorders Sell Out Within Minutes". Cadillac Society.
  3. ^ Traugott, Jay (21 February 2019). "Missed Out On A 550-HP CT6-V? Cadillac Has A Solution". Car Buzz.
  4. ^ Perkins, Chris (16 June 2020). "Why Cadillac Killed Its Landmark Blackwing V-8 Engine". Road & Track.