Body of water

Enlarge Stream Reservoir
The Aubach (Wiehl) in Germany (Watercourse)

A body of water or waterbody[1] (often spelled water body) is any significant accumulation of water, generally on a planet's surface. The term most often refers to oceans, seas, and lakes, but it includes smaller pools of water such as ponds, wetlands, or more rarely, puddles. A body of water does not have to be still or contained; rivers, streams, canals, and other geographical features where water moves from one place to another are also considered bodies of water.[2]

Most are naturally occurring geographical features, but some are artificial. There are types that can be either. For example, most reservoirs are created by engineering dams, but some natural lakes are used as reservoirs. Similarly, most harbors are naturally occurring bays, but some harbors have been created through construction.

Bodies of water that are navigable are known as waterways. Some bodies of water collect and move water, such as rivers and streams, and others primarily hold water, such as lakes and oceans.

The term body of water can also refer to a reservoir of water held by a plant, technically known as a phytotelma.

Bodies of water are affected by gravity which is what creates the tidal effects on Earth.[3]

Types

The Canal Grande in Venice, one of the major water-traffic corridors in the city. View from the Accademia bridge.
A weir in Toledo, Spain. Weirs are frequently used to change the height of a riverlevel, prevent floodings, and measure water discharge.

Note that there are some geographical features involving water that are not bodies of water, for example waterfalls, geysers and rapids.

See also

References

Sources

Citations

  1. ^ "waterbody noun (pl. -ies) a body of water forming a physiographical feature, for example a sea or a reservoir." New Oxford Dictionary of English
  2. ^ Langbein, W.B.; Iseri, Kathleen T. (1995). "Hydrologic Definitions: Stream". Manual of Hydrology: Part 1. General Surface-Water Techniques (Water Supply Paper 1541-A). Reston, VA: USGS..
  3. ^ "What causes high tide and low tide? Why are there two tides each day?". HowStuffWorks. 2009-05-21. Retrieved 2017-12-10.
  4. ^ "beck". collinsdictionary.com. Collins. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  5. ^ "beck". merriam-webster.com. Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  6. ^ "bourn". collinsdictionary.com. Collins. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  7. ^ "bourn". oxforddictionaries.com. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  8. ^ "brook". merriam-webster.com. Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  9. ^ "burn". collinsdictionary.com. Collins. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  10. ^ "burn". oxforddictionaries.com. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  11. ^ "creek". oxforddictionaries.com. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 18 May 2019. British...especially an inlet...(whereas) NZ, North American, Australian...stream or minor tributary.
  12. ^ "(US) creek". English Oxford Living Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 18 May 2019. North American, Australian, NZ...A stream, brook, or minor tributary of a river.
  13. ^ "creek". Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com, LLC. Retrieved 18 May 2019. U.S., Canada , and Australia…a stream smaller than a river.
  14. ^ "creek". Collins. Collins. Retrieved 18 May 2019. US, Canadian, Australian and New Zealand a small stream or tributary
  15. ^ "creek". Macmillan Dictionary. Springer Nature Limited. Retrieved 18 May 2019. a narrow stream
  16. ^ [11][12][13][14][15]
  17. ^ "creek". oxforddictionaries.com. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 18 May 2019. British...especially an inlet
  18. ^ "creek". Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com, LLC. Retrieved 18 May 2019. Chiefly Atlantic States and British...a recess or inlet in the shore of the sea.
  19. ^ "creek". Macmillan Dictionary. Springer Nature Limited. Retrieved 18 May 2019. BRITISH a long narrow area of ocean stretching into the land
  20. ^ "creek". Collins. Collins. Retrieved 18 May 2019. Chiefly British a narrow inlet or bay
  21. ^ [17][18][19][20]
  22. ^ "Definition of FJORD". www.merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 2017-06-15.
  23. ^ "gill". merriam-webster.com. Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  24. ^ "gill". collinsdictionary.com. Collins. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  25. ^ "gill". oxforddictionaries.com. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  26. ^ [23][24][25]
  27. ^ "rill". collinsdictionary.com. Collins. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  28. ^ "rill". oxforddictionaries.com. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  29. ^ "rivulet". dictionary.cambridge.org. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  30. ^ "streamlet". collinsdictionary.com. Collins. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  31. ^ Mitsch & Gosselink, 1986
  32. ^ The first edition of Wetlands by Mitsch and Gosselink was published in 1986 by Van Nostrand Reinhold. Second, third, and fourth (current) editions were published in 1993, 2000, and 2007 respectively by John Wiley & Sons. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-07-03. Retrieved 2012-07-10.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)