Bloc Québécois leadership elections

Mario Beaulieu (politician) Gilles Duceppe Michel Gauthier

Lucien Bouchard, the first leader of the Bloc Québécois was elected by acclamation by the MPs who formed the Bloc in 1990. When the party held its first convention in April 1995 his leadership was ratified by the delegates.

1996 BQ leadership election

First Ballot
Candidate Votes Percentage
GAUTHIER, Michel 104 67.1%
FrancineLalonde2007.jpg LALONDE, Francine 51 32.9%
Total 155 100%

The Bloc Québécois leadership election, 1996 was the leadership election to replace Lucien Bouchard after he left the Bloc Québécois to become Premier of Quebec. The vote was conducted among members of the party's directorate rather than by all members of the party.[1] Michel Gauthier won the election and became Leader of the Official Opposition.[1][2]

1997 BQ leadership election

Support by Ballot
Candidate 1st ballot 2nd ballot
Votes cast % Votes cast %
Gilles Duceppe2.jpg DUCEPPE, Gilles 21,268 43.91% 25,561 52.77%
DUHAIME, Yves 16,408 33.87% 16,408 33.87%
BIRON, Rodrigue 6,468 13.35% 6,468 13.35%
FrancineLalonde2007.jpg LALONDE, Francine 2,671 5.51% Eliminated
Daniel Turp1.jpg TURP, Daniel 1,081 2.23% Eliminated
VENNE, Pierrette 541 1.12% Eliminated
Total 48,437 100.0% 48,437 100.0%

The Bloc Québécois leadership election, 1997 was the leadership election that picked the new leader to replace Michel Gauthier as leader. The leadership election was conducted by a one member, one vote (OMOV) process involving all party members. Voters were asked to list their first, second and third choices on the ballot. Gilles Duceppe won the leadership election.[1]

2011 BQ leadership election

Support by Ballot
Candidate 1st ballot 2nd ballot
Votes cast % Votes cast %
Daniel Paillé.jpg PAILLÉ, Daniel 5,659 44.05% 7,868 61.28%
Maria Mourani 2008.jpg MOURANI, Maria 3,613 28.13% 4,972 38.72%
FORTIN, Jean-François 3,574 27.82% Eliminated
Total 12,846 100.0% 12,840 100.0%

Gilles Duceppe resigned as party president and leader immediately after the 2011 federal election in which the Bloc lost 44 of its 47 seats including Duceppe's.[3] Daniel Paillé was declared the winner of the subsequent leadership election on December 11, 2011, defeating Maria Mourani on the second ballot with 61.28% of the vote. A third candidate, Jean-Francois Fortin, was defeated on the first ballot.[4][5]

2014 BQ leadership election

Support by Ballot
Candidate 1st ballot
Votes cast %
BEAULIEU, Mario TBA 53.5%
Total TBA 100.0%

Mario Beaulieu defeated André Bellavance for the leadership, winning 53.5% of the vote compared to Bellavance's 46.5%.[6]

2017 BQ leadership election

Following Gilles Duceppe's second resignation after the 2015 federal election, Rhéal Fortin was appointed interim leader.

Martine Ouellet, a member of the Quebec National Assembly and former Parti Québécois cabinet minister and leadership candidate was acclaimed BQ leader on March 18, 2017.

2019 BQ leadership election

Martine Ouellet resigned on June 11, 2018, after receiving 32% support from a leadership review.[7] Mario Beaulieu was appointed interim leader. Yves-François Blanchet was declared leader in January 2019 after running unopposed for the leadership role.

See also


  1. ^ a b c "The Bloc Québécois through the years". The Globe and Mail. May 3, 2011. Archived from the original on May 8, 2011. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
  2. ^ "GAUTHIER, Michel, B.Sp". Parliament of Canada. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
  3. ^ Wallace, Kenyon (May 5, 2011). "Quebec sovereignty movement anything but dead". Toronto Star. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
  4. ^ "Daniel Paille elected Bloc Quebecois leader". Montreal Gazette. December 11, 2011. Retrieved December 11, 2011.
  5. ^ "Daniel Paille new leader of Bloc Quebecois". CBC News, December 11, 2011.
  6. ^ "Mario Beaulieu est le nouveau chef du Bloc québécois". Radio-Canada. June 14, 2014. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  7. ^ Tunney, Catherine (June 4, 2018). "Embattled Bloc Québécois leader Martine Ouellet resigns". CBC News. Retrieved July 18, 2018.