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Bishop's College School

Bishop's University James Williams (bishop) International Baccalaureate
Bishop's College School
BCS/KHC
BCS Symbol.png
Bishop's College School Logo
Address
80 Chemin Moulton Hill

, ,
J1M 1Z8
Coordinates45°22′17″N 71°50′33″W / 45.3715°N 71.8424°W / 45.3715; -71.8424Coordinates: 45°22′17″N 71°50′33″W / 45.3715°N 71.8424°W / 45.3715; -71.8424
Information
Other nameBCS
School typeIndependent, day and boarding, co-educational nonprofit institution, university-preparatory high school
MottoRecti Cultus Pectora Roborant
(Correct learning strengthens character)
Religious affiliation(s)Anglican Church of Canada (inactive)
Established1836; 184 years ago (1836)
Authority Québec  Canada
 New Brunswick
Head of SchoolMichel Lafrance
Faculty40
Number of students220
LanguageMajorily English with some French immersion
Campus270-acre (1.1 km2)
Little Forks -> Moulton Hill.
Colour(s)Purple and White          
MascotBears
VisitorKing George V, George VI, Edward VI, The Duke of Edinburgh...
Websitewww.bishopscollegeschool.com

Bishop's College School or BCS founded in 1836 is a prestigious[1][2][3][4] non-profit, bilingual independent school in Sherbrooke, Québec, Canada for Grades 7 to 12 (Forms II to VII). BCS is the oldest independent school in Québec and the fourth oldest that still exists in Canada.[1][5] It is at the heart of Québec's historic Eastern Townships.[6]

BCS was established as the Lennoxville Classical School by the Rev. Lucius Doolittle (1800–1862) and assisted by Edward Chapman (M.A., Cambridge).[7][8] Traditionally, the school had catered to the sons of the residents of the Golden Square Mile [9] A link to the Canadian Royal Family is maintained through various visits and inspections conveyed by King George V, George VI, Edward VI, the Governor General of Canada, the 2nd and 3rd Lord Shaughnessy, Baron Janner, etc. whether during their royal visits or study.[10] In May 1989, The Duke of Edinburgh inspected the cadet corps with a crowd of two thousand people and granted the new school coats of Arms.[11][12]

The BCS Cadet Corps #2 – the oldest continuous service corps in Canada – has been affiliated with the Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada since 1936 and also with the Royal Canadian Army Cadets in 1879.[13] Hundreds of former students volunteered and fought for Canada or Great Britain during the First and Second World War. Over 120 alumni were sacrificed.[4]

King's Hall Compton, or KHC its sister school was founded in 1874 and greatly supported by members of BCS boards such as James Williams (bishop). In 1972, the two institutions merged into a new school making it one of the first co-ed independent schools in Canada. In 1995, Nancy Layton was appointed as Head of School, becoming the first female Head of a co-educational boarding school in Canada.[14] The School’s former faculty was also responsible for the founding of Trinity College School in Port Hope, Ontario and Ashbury College in 1891 to accommodate BCS Ottawa-based students.

"Bishop" in its name comes from the Bishop of Quebec, George Mountain (DCL, Oxford) who was also the first Principal of McGill College from 1824 to 1835 and the founder of Bishop's University. Bishop’s University’s foundation began with and based on BCS as a grammar school in 1843. [15]Even today, unique in Canada, the school's senior students may be eligible to take credit courses at Bishop's University for advance standings.[16] Some facilities of Bishop's University are shared such as the swimming pool, golf court, rinks, library, etc.[4]

In academics, the school provides the Provincial Diplomas of Québec and New Brunswick along with optional and selective International Baccalaureate.[17] The school has been a member of the Round Square since 1986 and affiliated to Canadian Accredited Independent Schools (CAIS), QAIS, TABS, NAIS, etc.[6] Seven of BCS people have been named the Rhodes Scholars.[18][19]

History

Lennoxville Classical School, the Beginnings and Growth

Bishop's College 1865.jpg
BCS on Little Forks Campus in 1865 (Building on the Left)

Around 1834, American missionary Rev. Lucius Doolittle (1800–1862) from New England built a residence that he named Elmwood, to serve as the rectory of the Sherbrooke-Lennoxville mission, and which is still standing at 43 Queen Street.(Elmwood Hotel Today) In a wing next to the rectory, with assistance from Edward Chapman (M.A., Cambridge) and financial support from the church policy supporting rural education, he opened a school in 1836 that became the Lennoxville Classical School. The school was designed for "the education of sons of English Gentlemen",[20][21][7][8] Lennoxville Classical School was modeled on the great public schools of Britain, especially Eton College but providing a bilingual environment and specifically in an immersion of the Canadian culture.[22][4]

Within four years twenty-three boys were enrolled. Tuition fees were set at 15 shillings per quarter in the Junior Forms and 25 shillings for the Upper Forms; the board was £25 per annum (about $130 per year). Bishop's University established in 1843 as Bishop's College and affiliated with the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge in 1853, the school remained under the Anglican church's direction from its founding until 1947.[19][23] At the beginning of the establishment, the main students came from the merchant/political families of the Gault, McConnell, MacLernon, Price, Molson, MacDougall, McNaughton in the Golden Square Mile residential area of Montreal.

At Little Forks, in Bishop's University

BCS Choir in BU Chapel 1889
BCS Arms Before KHC

"Bishop" in the school name today comes from the Bishop of Quebec, George Mountain (DCL, Oxford) who was also the first Principal of McGill College from 1824 to 1835 and the founder of Bishop's University.[24] It appears to have been in Bishop Mountain's mind to establish a Grammar School in connection with the infant Bishop's University. In 1843, the Lennoxville Classical School became Bishop’s College School, under the direction of Edward Chapman (Headmaster 1842) and the Bishop. In the original Prospectus having reference to the foundation of the College, the clause five grant BCS the BU affiliation status:[25]

"A Grammar School to be attached to the College, with one or more masters as may be required, who shall receive their appointments in like manner (i.e., to the Principal, and Professors)—The School to comprehend a special provision for the education of youths designed for business, or commercial pursuits."[26] (1845)

James Williams (bishop) (1825–1892) graduated from Pembroke College, Oxford in 1851 was appointed headmaster of the grammar school in 1857. In 1863 he was consecrated 4th Anglican bishop of Québec. He participated vigorously in the development of the Protestant public school system in Québec and collaborated with Sir Alexander Galt in drawing up Section 93 of the British North American Act (Constitution Act, 1867) which conferred upon Parliament the responsibility of protecting the educational rights of minorities.[27]

Bishop's College applied to Queen Victoria for a royal charter and received it in 1853 highlights providing education for young people in Lower Canada when BCS was still part of the University of Bishop's College.[9] In 1861 the foundation stone of the first school built on the Bishop's University site was laid by General Sir Fenwick Williams, of Kars—who was a personal friend of Mr. Rawson, and who took a great interest in the Institution. The new school was a handsome Gothic building, surmounted by a tower—a wing being added to it in 1864. There was no gymnasium in those days, but the boys had bars, swings, etc., in one corner of the play-ground. From 1860 onwards, the surroundings of the school began to develop substantially as the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) set a station in Lennoxville. It would only take 4 hours to Ottawa, 6 hours to Toronto and 8 hours to New York from BCS by train then. The composition of students began to grow more diverse.[26] In 1864, the first Governor General of Canada after the Canadian Confederation, Lord Monck visited BCS with Lady Monck, a quote was left:[26]

"The boys are more like English boys than any I have seen out here, and pride themselves on their English cheer. They seem to have the same love, and respect for their college as Eton boys have for Eton.......... Lennoxville is the Eton of Canada, and it is a charming and civilized place; the boys seem very gentlemanly, and well looked after."[26]

In October 1879, BCS obtained financial independence from the Bishop's University and established the Bishop's College School Acossiation under a capital stock of five hundred dollars registered under the company act of Quebec.[28] The school also used historically the Latin name of "Episcopi Collegium de Lennoxville" and French name "Collège Épiscopal de Lennoxville"[4]

BCS Choir 1898

In 1880, the school was temporarily closed due to the spread of typhoid fever.[29]

In 1888, a young Oxford graduate George Wollcombe, BA, started his career at Bishop's College School and Bishop's University when he was invited by the BCS Rector/BU Principal Rev. Dr. Thomas Adams (Oxford). In 1891, he was recommended by the head of Bishop's, and some Ottawa-based parents of his BCS students to start a school there. The Ottawa BCS-styled school eventually became Ashbury College today where he served as the headmaster for 42 years from 1891 to 1933.[30] He still found time regularly to make the four-hour train journey to Lennoxville to teach his classes. He obtained an ad eundem Master of Arts from Bishop's University in 1906 without actually enrolled as a student by the arrangements of Bishop's with Oxford. Rhode Scholar Dr. C.L. Odgen Glass also graduated from BCS and BU in 1935 and served in Ashbury as the fourth Headmaster, but later returned to BCS.[31] The BCS-Ashbury Cup, the Oxford University, and Bishop's University arms presented on the stained glass in Ashbury Memorial Chapel are signs of the traditional friendship between these institutions.[32] There is also a record of the BCS-Ashbury Cup winners in the BCS Ross Hall (Dining Hall). Wollcombe also eventually became the headmaster of BCS later.

In 1891, there was a major fire in BCS buildings on the Bishop's University campus, architect Alfred Arthur Cox (architect) designed several buildings on campus including Dining Halls (1899), Kitchen (1899), addition to the Library (1899), new lecture rooms (1899).[33] BCS moved to its new campus on Moulton Hill across the river in 1922 as BU refused to sell the land. The opening ceremony was held by the Canadian governor-general Duke of Devonshire and General J. K. L. Ross. The BCS choir founded in 1878 was once considered as the best boy's choir in Canada before.[4] The prior campus of BCS continues today as the building of the science labs, New Arts, at Bishop's University.

On Moulton Hill: The Era of the Great Wars

Bishop's prepared its students by then to pass the difficult McGill University matriculation examinations. And their scholarly graduates had no trouble getting into Oxford University or Cambridge University. A large range of students such as Norman Webster, David Wanklyn, P.T. Molson, the prior headmaster Odgen Glass, obtained the Rhodes Scholarship.[22]

BCS St.Martin's Chapel Assembly
BCS at Night.png

BCS Cadet Corps #2 is the oldest continuous service corps and the only cadet corps that receive battle colours in Canada in the Fenian Raids. It was formed in 1861 as the Volunteer Rifle Company. Though there is a saying that BCS received this color by shooting a poor cow on the border. Yet, the cadet corps of Upper Canada College have similar legends of this imaginary cow, so the credibility is very low.[10] In May 1989, the school's annual cadet inspection was inspected by The Duke of Edinburgh with a crowd of two thousand people.[11]

Hundreds of former students volunteered and fought for Canada or Great Britain during the First and Second World Wars and the Korean War. In 1901, Albert Grey, 4th Earl Grey visited Bishop’s University and BCS for a speech to promote the loyalty to the empire. The Royal Military College in Ottawa continuously posted advertisements on the BCS Magazine during this period. Lennoxville boys who have entered the Royal Military College, no less than fifty percent, have won commissions in the force.[26][14] Alumni Andrew McNaughton was the Minister of National Defence of Canada by then and the radio inventions of Reginald Fessenden permitted the information transmission on battlefields.[34]

A large portion of the students was sacrificed. Each year the names of those who fell (65 boys and three masters in the First World War, 62 boys in the Second World War, and one master in the Korean War) are remembered during the School's Remembrance Day Service.[14] A stained glass window and War memorial plaques were erected as lists of honors for the Old Boys.[35]

In 1901, the cadet corps took part in the Guard of Honour during the visit of Duke (later King George V) to Sherbrooke. The Cader Corps was also inspected by the Duke of Devonshire, King Edward VIII in 1919, King George VI in 1939 and Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother in 1962.[10] In May 1989, the school's annual cadet inspection was inspected by The Duke of Edinburgh with a crowd of two thousand people.[11] The Duke also granted the school's new coats of arms registered under the Royal Heraldry Society of Canada.[12] In 2018, the cadet corps was inspected by Canadian Governor-General David Johnston.[10]

Alumni Sir William Price (1867–1924) is one of the organizers for the Valcartier Military Camp (now CFB Valcartier) where BCS students start their year with the Cadet Orientation Camp.[36] The activities include Cadet drills, shooting, a high ropes course, camp crafts (survival skills) and a variety of other competitive games involving the BCS Clan System. The time and effort students contribute to the Cadet program also helps them as they work towards the skill component of the Duke of Edinburgh Award Scheme.[36]

Canadian/ Québécois Statehood with BCS

BCS Fields

BCS is known to be an active Canadian Nationalist and prior to be a British Loyalist, where George Carlyle Marler, leader of the Official Opposition of the Quebec National Assembly against the Union Nationale was raised and collected the first-ever risen Canadian flag in a blessing ceremony a few hours before the Canadian Parliament Hill in 1965. The flag was donated by BCS alumni, a WWII veteran Okill Stuart, who also invited Prince Philip for an inspection visit to BCS. The flag is permanently kept in BCS Chapel,[37] in Québec, where a strong sense of separatism is presented.

A bronze plaque to commemorate both the 200th anniversary of Lord Dorchester's Order in Council in 1789 and the 75th anniversary of the incorporation of United Empire Loyalists Association was unveiled in the St. Martin's Chapel of Bishop's College School on May 21, 1989, by His Royal Highness Prince Philip Duke of Edinburgh. Made by the Montreal Stencil Inc., the plaque has been placed on the stairway leading to the chapel.[38]

Also in 1989, the author of the Universal Declaration of Human RightsJohn Peters Humphrey conveyed an intensive speeech in BCS Politics Class based on the recent events by then such as the Meech Lake Accords and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and his own opinion on Quebec Nationalism & Canadian Nationalism for the first time. He deliberatly emphasized on the idividual human rights instead of the collective groups. He surprisedly ended with an almost urgent tone advising the students at BCS to think critically and continues his legacies.[39]

Into the 21st Century

BCS Stained Glass
Snow Day in BCS Squad

In 1958 the school gym/ballroom was transformed into the St.Martin's Chapel announced by the Bishop of Quebec. Since then, students no longer use the chapel at bishop's university.[4] An organ instrument was installed behind the Cross in 1958. Another piece of stained glass is sent as a gift during the closing ceremony of the St. Helen's School as a donation, BCS has grown to become more and more secular proceeding into the 21st century.

In 1972, its sister school King's Hall, Compton was amalgamated with BCS according to the permission of the boards and the Quebec government under the Company Acts of Quebec. BCS therefore became one of the first co-ed boarding schools in Canada.

The CÉGEP system was developed in 1976, banning the High School graduates from entering into universities directly. BCS is one of the seven high schools only in Québec that owns a Grade 12 neglecting this system[40] and one of the few English university-preparatory schools that do not need a certificate of eligibility following the language law Bill 101.[41]

Since 1980, BCS has participated in the Terry Fox Run every year when Terry ran the original Marathon of Hope. Today, this fundraising event remains mandatory for all students. BCS also participated vigorously in the Orange Shirt Day raising awareness for the abuse in the Canadian Indian residential school system.

The Sunday Services are canceled in the 2000s as the school no longer hire any clergies in the chapel but the Festival of Nine Lessons and Carols, the Remembrance Day Service, the daily Chapel Assembly is conserved managed by the Prefect, the student body and the school organist. The school also invites different religious figures no matter Jewish, Christian, Islamic to the school for speeches. The most notable daily religious event in BCS today is the singing of the Anglican hymns from the books printed in two colors, Red and Green. The school hymn is And did those feet in ancient time (Jerusalem) and the song Spirit, Spirit of Gentleness is sung during a BCS spirit day where students wear in purple. The 2001 film Lost and Delirious directed by Léa Pool took place in BCS during that Summer.

The school focuses explicitly on small classroom size, elite, extra-curricular liberal education, and provides the triple diploma program of the International Baccalaureate (IB, since 2017) and provincial curriculums for Quebec and New Brunswick while AP courses and SAT preparation is also available. BCS is proud to advertise its university acceptance rate, 100%, through many years. The School size is limited to around 300 students. The School has adopted a combined way of theory and applications for science teaching since 1931. The first BCS summer camp was launched in 1961.

Today, BCS serves approximately 220 students with a faculty of over 40 educators and many staff. The campus is composed of 26 buildings set on 270 acres (1.1 km2), including playing fields and woodlands. There are students from, among others, Canada, Vietnam, China, Korea, USA, England, France, Mexico, South America, Bahamas, Bermuda, Germany, Japan and Thailand[42] In 2020, the most recent residence built in fifty years, Mitchell Family House, obtained the Prix d'excellence en architecture by Ordre des architectes du Québec in 2020.[43]

King's Hall in Compton (KHC)

King'Hall Campus prior to Merge
BCS/KHC Merge Announcements by the Boards 1971
KHC/BCS Arms Stained Glass

Compton Ladies' College was founded by the Reverend Joseph Dinzey in 1874. A girls' school, the College was managed by a corporation composed of the Bishop of the Diocese of Quebec of the Church of England and four other members appointed by the Synod of the Diocese. In 1884, the College closed because of financial difficulties. Rector James Williams (bishop) of BCS was also the Chairman of KHC. It reopened in 1886 under the administration of Reverend George Herbert Parker, and a new corporation presided over by the Anglican Bishop of Quebec. It also acted as a sister school of Bishop's College School.[44][12]

In 1902, Gena Smith, then Headmistress, reorganized the school on the model of British ladies' schools and had its name changed to King's Hall to mark the coronation of King Edward VII of England, which took place on August 9 of that year. A new corporation, formed by the Bishop of Quebec and twelve other members, was established.

Through the years, King's Hall expanded its buildings and modified its philosophy of education to suit the needs of a modern educational institution. Girls from different countries and across Canada attended.[44]

Time Zone: Thanks to a willful headmistress, the boarding school was well known for the fact that it is one hour out of sync with the surrounding areas for much of the year neglecting the Daylight saving time.[45]

In the 1972–73 school year, girls became an integral part of school life when BCS and King's Hall located 20 minutes away amalgamated. The original junior school, Bishop's Preparatory School, or Prep was changed into Glass House, and the KHC Gillard House was re-built on BCS campus to accommodate the female students. (Gillard House was named after Dr. A. E. Gillard. She was Headmistress at KHC from 1930 to 1968) The white rose in the school logo, coats of arms demonstrate recognition of KHC. The glass passage connecting the school buildings was built in memories of King's Hall. Nearly all traditions of King's Hall is inherited by BCS, and the KHC Old Girls joined the BCS alumnus association.[44][12] Some of the girl's residences such as Glass and Gillard adopted the KHC coats of arms as their logo.

In 1995, Nancy Layton was appointed as Head of School, becoming the first female Head of a co-educational boarding school in Canada.[14]

Former KHC campus in Compton

The prior KHC campus in Compton, Quebec was sold to a hotel group when the transferring to BCS in 1972. The hotel group then sold this property to an unknown Chinese consortium from Toronto due to financial difficulties in 2018 seeking for selling short-term language immersion courses to Chinese secondary students under the name of King's Hall.[45]

Yet, this new Chinese consortium has no connection or heritance to the Institution of King's Hall, Compton Inc. at all who founded in 1874 nor Bishop's College School Inc. founded in 1836.[46][47][47]

Academics

BCS School House

BCS provides the tri-diploma program of the provincial curriculum of Quebec (Diplôme d' études secondaires) for grade 7~11 and the New Brunswick's Canadian High School Diploma for Grade 11,12 along with optional only International Baccalaureate while AP courses and SAT preparation is also available.[17]

The school's senior students may be eligible to take credit courses at Bishop's University for advance standings through the BU Bridge Program. BCS is one of the few schools in Canada providing such programs. The T.H.P. Molson Bilingual Option program at BCS offers the students with an exceptional opportunity to learn a second language and to benefit from the unique cultural richness of Quebec and Canada.[48] The RDW. Howson Enrichment Centre provides free tutoring to the students every weeknight from Monday to Thursday.[16]

Diplomas and Certificates Offered Upon Graduation

Year Diploma 1 Diploma 2 Certificate
Grade 11 (Form VI) Diplôme des études secondaires (DÉS)
- If Québec Ministry Exams passed
/ BCS Form VI Certificate of Completion
Grade 12 (Form VII) Canadian High School Diploma (NB)
(Everyone)
IB Diploma or Certificates
(optional only)
BCS Form VII Certificate of Completion

Notes

Bishop's as the Grammar School at Little Forks, 1885 in Bishop's University

Grade 11 (Form VI): The award of Québec Diplôme des études secondaires (DÉS) by Ministry of Education and Higher Education (Quebec) is subjected to the completion of 54 credits over two years (including 20 in grade 11) and the completion of the ministry examinations on Histoire et éducation à la citoyenneté , Mathematics (CST or Sn), English Language Arts, Français langue maternelle (native)/seconde and Sciences (Technologic or Environmental). Otherwise only the BCS School Certificate would be awarded.

Grade 12 (Form VII): BCS provides a High School Diploma that is accredited by the Canadian province of New Brunswick. This High School Diploma is recognized internationally. Credits in this program are granted by the Department of Education in New Brunswick. These credits have authority to count towards the New Brunswick High School Diploma. IB certificates and diploma is also available. In order to award the New Brunswick High School Diploma, students must earn a total of 17 credits in grades 11 and 12. This unique multi-curriculum program makes BCS One of the seven schools in Quebec neglecting the CÉGEP system for university admittance.

For the BCS School Certificate , the student must complete a minimum of the Bronze level of the Duke of Edinburgh Award, complete a community service requirement and participate in the BCS Cadet program.

BCS Cadet Corps #2

BCS Affiliation to Black Watch 1936
BCS Annual Cadet Inspection

BCS Cadet Corps #2, the oldest continuous service corps in Canada, was formed in 1861 as the Volunteer Rifle Company in the Fenian Raids by the BCS Rector/BU Principal Rev. Dr. Thomas Adams (Oxford). The Cadets crops have historically grown many military leaders such as Andrew McNaughton, Commander-in-chief, and the minister of national defense of Canada during WWII. Today, the Corps plays a major role in the lives of students, schools, and communities. The program, compulsory for all students, is organized and run almost entirely by senior cadets. Instruction is given in skills such as first aid, outdoor survival, shooting, archery, and service-type activities and focuses on leadership education.[36] Returning cadets carry out and organize a number of service-orientated activities. They include participation in the School Bands, literary magazine Inscape, the Round Square and Outreach programs, the environmental Green Group, Adventure Training, Community Services and the Yearbook.[10]

BCS students begin the year by attending Cadet Camp, which is held in Val-Cartier, Quebec, at the Canadian Forces Base (CFB Valcartier). Here, they spend one night, and the purpose of this activity is to provide the students with an introduction to outdoor activities and skills, as well as some of the cadet activities that cannot be conducted indoors.[36]

In early March, the BCS No. 2 Cadet Corps takes a day trip to CFB Farnham, Quebec. At the base, students are challenged to push their own personal limits by walking across rope bridges, scaling down rappelling towers, running through obstacle courses, doing some Zip Lining and solving skill-testing challenges that require considerable teamwork and effort.[36]

Bishop's College School is affiliated with the Black Watch Regiment of Montreal and the Royal Canadian Army Cadets. In early May each year, the Corps sends two platoons and the Colour Party to march with the Regiment in their Church Parade. The Annual Corps review is held on the Friday of May long weekend; this event includes demonstrations by the drill team and the band.[13]

Duke of Edinburgh's Award

BCS Chapel in Round Square Conference

Bishop's College School offers all students, beginning in Form IV, the opportunity to earn The Duke of Edinburgh's Award, which is an international program that operates in more than 100 countries. Annually the Lieutenant Governor of Quebec gives out the Award to its recipients in the school chapel.[49]

BCS has been a member of the Round Square Conference of Schools since the 1980s.[50]

Introduced to Canada in 1963, the Duke of Edinburgh's Award is open to all young people between the ages of 14 and 25. The Award currently attracts some 30,000 participants annually and is operational in all 10 Provinces and 3 Territories.

There are three levels to the Award: Bronze, Silver, and Gold – each with an increasing degree of commitment. Within each level, there are four sections.[51] The completion on the bronze level of this Award is one of the school graduation requirements at BCS.

The activities include Cadet drills, shooting, a high ropes course, camp crafts (survival skills), and a variety of other competitive games involving the BCS Clan System. The time and effort students contribute to the Cadet program also helps them as they work towards the skill component of the Duke of Edinburgh Award Scheme.[36]

Houses

BCS Grier House
BCS Mitchell Family House 2019

BCS consists of 10 family-style houses (residences), 2 of them being for day students, and the remainder for boarders:[52]

Williams House has constantly switched between being a boy's house and a girl's house over the years.[53]

The Inter-House Track and Fields, XC running race, House Cup in Carnival are held annually.

Controversy

In 2007, a class action was launched by several former students who alleged physical, mental, and sexual abuse by masters, head boys, and prefects during the 50s and 60s. One of the foremost perpetrators was Harold Forster, a Cambridge-graduated Anglican priest, and the school's chaplain and choir director. He also taught at Eton College. Forty-three known victims came forward before the class action was settled in early 2010 by the school. Reverend Forster was killed in a train accident in England while teaching at Harrow School in the mid-60s. In 2013, the school owned up to the abuse in a private ceremony on school land.[54]

Athletics

KHC- BCS Gillard House Crest .png
KHC- BCS Gillard House Crest

BCS sports a wide range of interscholastic teams at varying skill levels, as well as intramural and non-competitive activities to provide something for everyone. In recent years BCS teams have won championships in basketball, football, rugby, soccer, swimming, and tennis. Part of this success is due to the first-rate coaching in all sports. Facilities including a fitness center, various outdoor trials, an archery station, a 40-foot (12 m) climbing wall, squash, and tennis courts, and an indoor hockey rink. Especially the school's ice rink is the oldest indoor ice rink in Canada. It was established in 1925 with 25,000 $ donated by alumni, in an area of 175* 75 square feet. There are 22 creases (sports) to choose from.[55]

In 2008, Stephan Lebeau, a former professional hockey player and experienced youth hockey coach, joined BCS as the coordinator of hockey, to create an elite hockey program at the School. He won a Stanley Cup in 1993 with the Montreal Canadiens. His brother, Patrick, also played a short time in the NHL.

Since 2012–2013, BCS Hockey programme host two teams (U18 and U16) which are both playing in the Ligue de Hockey Préparatoire Scolaire (LHPS).[56]

Arms, motto, crest, and memorials

Bishop's College School
Coats of Arms
The latest letters patent granting BCS and KHC its coat of arms and badge
Order of Canada Insignia
Black Watch slim.png
Black Watch slim
BCS Ties

Arms and badge

Motto: RECTI CULTUS PECTORA ROBORANT; This Latin phrase means "Good learning habits strengthen the hearts". (Also the motto of Bishop's University)

BCS shared a crest with Bishop's University over a century. However, as its growing independence and the amalgamation with King's Hall, a new coat of arms was needed. According to the Registration on the website of the Canadian Heraldic Authority, the coats of arms and the badge presented to BCS by Prince Philip in 1989 has the following characteristics:[12]

Arms: Argent on a Cross Gules an open book edged and bound Or in the canton a rose Argent barbed Vert seeded Or fimbriated Azure all within a bordure Purpure;

Crest:A mitre Argent the orphreys semé of maple leaves Gules;The bishop's mitre alludes to the name of the school. The maple leaves on the mitre indicate the Canadian identity of the school.

Symbolism: The Cross of St. George and the book are found in the arms of Bishop's University, for which the school was established as a feeder institution, hence the addition of a border. The Saint George's Cross shows a link to the Anglican Church.

The book indicates the school's role as an educational institution. Purple is a colour used by bishops in the Anglican church, as well as being the school's sporting colour. The rose was used as an emblem by King's Hall, the girl's school which was absorbed by Bishop's College School in 1972.

The badge combines elements of the emblems used by Bishop's College School and Kings Hall, the mitre and the rose: A rose Argent barbed Vert charged with a mitre Argent fimbriated Purpure the orphreys semé of maple leaves Gules.

Other crests

On the grant to BCS, the Sovereign's insignia of the Order of Canada was depicted below the Royal Arms of Canada due to the significant portion of BCS students obtaining this award. This is the only instance where the Sovereign's badge has been incorporated into a grant document.[57]

There are over fifteen other crests of BCS alumni or faculty families merged in the architecture of the School House. In the Ross Dining Hall, around 10 BCS partner schools' crest has been oil-painted on the wooden structures. Such as the ones of Upper Canada College, Ashbury College, University School, Appleby College, etc.

BCS ties

According to the involvement of BCS students in the local communities, activities, groups and opportunities, they may be awarded over 30 kinds of ties. Samples include the House ties, Band and Choir ties, Prefect ties, Yearbook ties, First Team ties, Achievement ties, Chapel Warden ties, etc. [14]

Black Watch tartan

In the BCS Uniform for girls, the kilt features the Black Watch tartan which is in green and black. The ranks of the Royal Canadian Army Cadets are also permitted to be sewed on the BCS Blazer.

Notable BCS/KHC people

Notable faculty

Portrait of Reginald Fessenden, Inventor AM Radio, 1903
Portrait photograph of Reginald Fessenden from Harper's Weekly Magazine, 1903

Famous faculty includes Nobel Prize winner Rudyard Kipling as an English master,[26][58] Reginald Fessenden, the inventor of radio as a Math teacher, Prince Alexis S. Troubetzkoy, international author notable for his works on Russian history, etc.[26] Famous coaching staffs includes singer Robert Bédard (1931– ) who was the President of Tennis Québec & the Vice-President of Tennis Canada (also French and geography school teacher)and Stéphan Lebeau, professional hockey player who won a Stanley cup with the Montreal Canadiens.[59][60][61]

Notable alumni

McNaughton E010778731-v8.jpg
General Andrew McNaughton BCS'01

As the fifth smallest school out of 79 schools in the Canadian Accredited Independent Schools with approx. 250 students, no less than 20 former students have been inducted into the Order of Canada, 10 to the Distinguished Service Order, 5 to the Order of the British Empire & Order of the Bath, three to the National Order of Quebec & Order of St Michael and St George, two to the Order of Ontario and one Royal Victorian Order. At least seven has been named to the Queen's Privy Council for Canada and seven of the BCS people have been named the Rhodes Scholars.[18][19]

The Charter of the Old Boys Association of BCS (an Old boy network) was officially granted in the page 295, Chap 93 of the Statue de la province de Québec in 1901, later changed to the BCS Alumni Association after KHC Old girls was merged. The Heneker-Williams society is a non-profit organization to honour people who brought large acceleration in development for BCS or KHC. The leader of a former class of aluni in specific geographical locations are referred as Class Agents and BCS Ambassadors who manage the communications for reunions. The school's advancement office also held activities annual Homecoming weekend, alumni hockey & rugby games, etc.

Career Day is an opportunity where alumni and parents share their expertise and experience for current students.


BCS Publications

Bishop’s University and BCS shared the same yearbook, the Mitre prior to the 20th century. The first edition of the independent BCS yearbook, then known as the BCS magazine was published in 1880. The Book remains autonomously edited by the student groups. The BCS Newsletter (BCS Bulletin), BCS Brief & BCS Communications, Keep Troth magazine for KHC old girls and former BCS girls are seasonal publications by the school advancement office.

In media

Films

BCS Ross Hall where part of
Lost and Delirious filmed

The 2001 film Lost and Delirious directed by Léa Pool and loosely based on the novel The Wives of Bath by Susan Swan. Lost and Delirious is filmed from the perspective of Mary (Mischa Barton), who observes the changing love between her two teenage friends, Pauline (Piper Perabo) and Victoria (Jessica Paré). The film premiered at the 2001 Sundance Film Festival.[62] The film is shot entirely in Lennoxville and the scenes are majorly taken in BCS and Bishop's University. In BCS, Campus trials and residences are used and in the Ross Dining Hall major conflicts happened.

The 1983 movie Ups & Downs about Prep-school lives directed by the award-winning alumnus Paul Almond and Lewis Evans (alum and retired headmaster) is written in the settings of BCS while filmed somewhere else.[63]

Literature

Former BCS classical/English master, Scottish writer Rudyard Kipling (1865–1936) who won the eighth Nobel Prize in Literature left a few poems when he was teaching in BCS in 1896. BCS was then in Bishop's University, an example would be:[26][64]

Poems of Home: III. Fun for Little Folk
“There was a small boy of Quebec”
THERE was a small boy of Quebec,
Who was buried in snow to his neck;
When they said. “Are you friz?”
He replied, “Yes, I is—
But we don't call this cold in Quebec.”

Other literature pieces include From Moulton Hill to Little Forks by J. Graham Patriquin, Wake Me in the Morning by Giles Walker, [65] and Seven Days in Hell: Canada's Battle for Normandy and the Rise of the Black Watch by David O'Keefe (historian)The history of King's Hall, Compton, 1874-1972 by Elizabeth Hearn Milner.[66]

See also

References

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  3. ^ Bishop's College School continues to attract qualified students from both Canada and around the world. (2019, September 07). Retrieved June 06, 2020, from https://montrealgazette.com/sponsored/life-sponsored/bishops-college-school-continues-to-attract-qualified-students-from-both-canada-and-around-the-world
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  43. ^ a b Prix d'excellence en architecture 2020 – Le public invité à voter pour son projet coup de cœur
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