Location of Bingöl Province in Turkey
|Region||Central East Anatolia|
|• Electoral district||Bingöl|
|• Governor||Kadir Ekinci|
|• Total||8,125 km2 (3,137 sq mi)|
|• Density||35/km2 (90/sq mi)|
Bingöl Province (Turkish: Bingöl ili; Zazaki: Suke Çolig, Kurdish: Parêzgeha Çewlîgê, Armenian: Ճապաղջուր, romanized: Chapaghjur) is a province of Turkey in Eastern Anatolia. The province was created in 1936 out of parts of Elazığ and Erzincan. The new province was known as Çapakçur Province (from the Armenian name "Chapaghjur," meaning "rough waters") until 1945 when it was renamed as Bingöl province. Its neighboring provinces are Tunceli, Erzurum, Muş, Diyarbakır, Erzincan and Elazığ. The province covers an area of 8,125 km2 and has a population of 255,170. The main spoken languages are Turkish, Zazaki and Kurdish. The capital is Bingöl. The majority of the province's population is Zazas. As the current Governor of the province, Kadir Ekinci was appointed by the president on the 5 November 2018.
In December 1935 the Tunceli Law was passed which demanded a more powerful government in the region. Therefore the region containing the present Bingöl province, together with the provinces of Tunceli, Erzincan and Elaziğ were included in the Fourth Inspectorate General (Umumi Müfettişlik, UM) in January 1936. The fourth UM was governed by a Governor Commander. All the employees in the municipalities were to be from the military and the Governor Commander had the authority to evacuate whole villages and resettle them in other parts of the province. in 1946 the Tunceli Law was abolished and the state of emergency removed but the authority of the fourth UM was transferred to the military. The Inspectorate General was dissolved in 1952 during the Government of the Democrat Party.
Bingöl province is divided into 8 districts (capital district in bold):
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