Bedford, Quebec (town)

Bedford, Quebec (township) Brome-Missisquoi Regional County Municipality Montérégie
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Bedford
Bedford-Route 235.jpg
Location within Brome-Missisquoi RCM.
Location within Brome-Missisquoi RCM.
Bedford is located in Southern Quebec
Bedford
Bedford
Location in southern Quebec.
Coordinates: 45°07′N 72°59′W / 45.117°N 72.983°W / 45.117; -72.983Coordinates: 45°07′N 72°59′W / 45.117°N 72.983°W / 45.117; -72.983[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionMontérégie
RCMBrome-Missisquoi
ConstitutedNovember 21, 1866
Government
 • MayorYves Lévesque
 • Federal ridingBrome—Missisquoi
 • Prov. ridingBrome-Missisquoi
Area
 • Total4.40 km2 (1.70 sq mi)
 • Land4.20 km2 (1.62 sq mi)
Elevation
53 m (174 ft)
Population
 (2011)[4]
 • Total2,684
 • Density639.4/km2 (1,656/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011
Increase 2.8%
 • Dwellings
1,276
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)450 and 579
Highways Route 202
Route 235
Exchange#248
GNBC CodeEFMFP
NTS Map031H02
Geocode2446035
PeopleBedfordite

Bedford is a city located in the Montérégie region of southern Quebec, Canada. The population as of the Canada 2011 Census was 2,684. This small community is just an hour's drive from larger cities such as Burlington and Montreal, and is the home to southern Quebec's largest Boy Scout troop.[citation needed]

History

The first settlers arrived in 1812.

Origin of the name

The name "Bedford" could have been given by Loyalists who knew of several Bedfords back in the former American colonies. The name could also have been a tribute to Lord John Russell, who was the fourth Duke of Bedford (1710–1771), an English politician and Secretary of State (1748–1751), and governor general of Ireland from 1756 to 1761.

Geography

Bedford is part of Brome-Missisquoi Regional County Municipality, in the administrative region of Montérégie.

The town, located 86 kilometres (53 mi) southeast of Montreal, is completely enclaved within the township of Bedford. Seated in the Saint-Lawrence lowlands, at the beginning of the steppe leading to the Appalachian Mountains, the town is separated into north and south parts by the Pike River (Rivière aux Brochets).

Demographics

Population

Historical Census Data - Bedford (city), Quebec[8]
YearPop.±%
1991 2,665—    
1996 2,748+3.1%
YearPop.±%
2001 2,667−2.9%
2006 2,612−2.1%
YearPop.±%
2011 2,684+2.8%

Language

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Bedford (city), Quebec[8]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
2,555
1,910 Increase 2.4% 74.76% 540 Increase 9.1% 21.14% 70 Increase 55.5% 2.74% 35 Decrease 36.4% 1.37%
2006
2,460
1,865 Decrease 2.1% 75.81% 495 Decrease 5.7% 20.12% 45 Decrease 10.0% 1.83% 55 Decrease 35.3% 2.24%
2001
2,565
1,905 Decrease 8.2% 74.27% 525 Steady 0.0% 20.47% 50 Increase 233.3% 1.95% 85 Increase 466.7% 3.31%
1996
2,630
2,075 n/a 78.90% 525 n/a 19.96% 15 n/a 0.57% 15 n/a 0.57%

About 20% of the population is Anglophone, many families having settled there after the arrival of the Loyalists in 1776.

Parishes

Activities

Every year since 1828, at the beginning of August, the town holds its annual fair, the oldest of its kind in Quebec and the second oldest in Canada. One can play hockey, curling or figure skate at the Centre sportif. Every year since 1969, Bedford has held a PeeWee hockey exchange with Kensington, PEI.

Schools

Notable people from Bedford

See also

References

  1. ^ Reference number 4594 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  2. ^ a b "Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire: Frelighsburg". Archived from the original on 2012-05-06. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
  3. ^ "Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: BROME--MISSISQUOI (Quebec)". Archived from the original on 2009-06-09. Retrieved 2009-04-20.
  4. ^ a b 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Bedford, Quebec
  5. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014-03-11.
  6. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-03-11.
  7. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  8. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census