Bank of Jamaica
|Established||May 1, 1961|
|Ownership||100% state ownership|
|Governor||Richard Byles (effective August 19, 2019)|
|Central bank of||Jamaica|
JMD (ISO 4217)
|Reserves||2 660 million USD|
The Bank of Jamaica, established by the Bank of Jamaica Law (1960), began operations in May 1961, terminating the Currency Board System which had been in existence from 1939. The establishment of the Central Bank was in recognition of the need for an appropriately regulated financial structure to encourage the development process, particularly as Jamaica was about to embark on the road to political independence.
The Central Bank's role tended to be of a largely reactive nature as the institution grappled with several national and international developments. However, in recent years, monetary policy implementation has been characterized by a more proactive stance, as the Central Bank has actively sought to encourage the appropriate environment for economic growth and development. As a result, the Central Bank introduced a programme for financial reform - The Financial Sector Reform Programme (FSRP) in 1985. This initiative was aimed at more effective intermediation, through the encouragement of market forces and the strengthening of the Central Bank's capacity to implement monetary policies.
The Bank of Jamaica is run by a Board of Directors headed by the Governor of the Bank of Jamaica. The Board of Directors is composed of the Governor who is also Chairman of the Board, the Senior Deputy Governor, the Financial Secretary and six other directors. All are appointed by the Minister of Finance for five year terms. Don Wehby, chief operating officer at GraceKennedy Limited and a former senator, has called for the separation of the positions of governor and chairman.
- Stanley Waldon Payton: June 1960 - December 1964
- Richard T. P. Hall: December 1964 - June 1967
- George Arthur Brown: July 1967 - July 1977
- Herbert Walker: November 1977 - November 1981
- Horace Barber: January 1983 - October 1985
- Headley Brown: November 1985 to March 1989
- George Arthur Brown: October 1989 - September 1992
- Roderick Rainford: October 1992 - June 1993
- Jacques Bussières: June 1993 - March 1996
- Derick Latibeaudiere: 1 April 1996 - 30 October 2009
- Brian Wynter: November 2009 - August 2019
- Richard Byles: August 2019 -
- "Bank of Jamaica Act 1960" (PDF). Retrieved 21 January 2018.
- "Bank of Jamaica | A Brief History". 2008-05-17. Archived from the original on 2008-05-17. Retrieved 2020-06-15.
- Roache, Alicia (November 6, 2009). "Wehby calls for major changes to be made at BOJ". Jamaica Observer. Archived from the original on November 9, 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-08.
- "Restructure BOJ - Wehby proposes new central bank model - Split chairmanship and governor's position - Set up committee to determine interest rates". Jamaica Gleaner. November 6, 2009. Archived from the original on 2009-11-09. Retrieved 2009-11-08.