Antonio Di Pietro
Antonio Di Pietro
|Minister of Infrastructure|
17 May 2006 – 8 May 2008
|Prime Minister||Romano Prodi|
|Preceded by||Pietro Lunardi|
|Succeeded by||Altero Matteoli|
|Minister of Public Works|
17 May 1996 – 20 November 1996
|Prime Minister||Romano Prodi|
Gianni Francesco Mattioli
|Preceded by||Paolo Baratta|
|Succeeded by||Paolo Costa|
|Member of the Chamber of Deputies|
28 April 2006 – 14 March 2013
|Member of the European Parliament|
20 July 1999 – 27 April 2006
|Member of the Senate|
18 November 1997 – 29 May 2001
|Born||2 October 1950|
Montenero di Bisaccia, Italy
|Political party||Independent (2014–present)|
|Italy of Values|
|Children||Cristiano, Antonio Giuseppe and Anna|
|Alma mater||University of Milan|
|Profession||Politician, lawyer, magistrate|
Antonio Di Pietro (Italian pronunciation: [anˈtɔːnjo di ˈpjɛːtro]; born 2 October 1950) is an Italian politician and lawyer. He was a minister in government of Romano Prodi, a Senator, and a Member of the European Parliament. He was a prosecutor in the Mani Pulite corruption trials in the early 1990s.
Di Pietro was born in Montenero di Bisaccia, a comune in the province of Campobasso, in the Southern Italian region of Molise, to a poor rural family. As a young man he travelled to Germany, in the city of Böhmenkirch (Baden-Württemberg), where he worked in a factory in the mornings and in a sawmill in the afternoons to pay for his studies. He graduated from night school in Italy with a degree in law in 1978 and became a police officer. After a few years, he started a judicial career as a prosecutor.
In February 1992, Di Pietro began investigating Milan's politicians and business leaders for corruption and kickbacks. Together with other well-known magistrates such as Francesco Saverio Borrelli, Ilda Boccassini, Gherardo Colombo, and Piercamillo Davigo, he worked on the Mani Pulite ("Clean Hands") team, which investigated political corruption. As part of this team, he investigated hundreds of local and national politicians, all the way up to the most important national political figures, including Bettino Craxi. The Italian press named the investigation "Tangentopoli" ("Bribesville").
He soon became the most popular of the Mani Pulite judges due to his peculiar way of speaking, characterised by a pronounced Molisan accent and frequent use of vernacular expressions, and his resolute and straightforward attitude. However, Di Pietro was accused by Craxi of having provoked a "false Revolution", and of investigating only some politicians, ignoring the opposition parties. Only in 2012, Di Pietro admitted that Craxi was right when during the Enimont trial he accused the Italian Communist Party of having received illegal funding from the Soviet Union. Craxi's sentences seemed to him "criminally relevant", but Di Pietro omitted to investigate that crime.
When the Tangentopoli investigation focused on Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, Di Pietro became the focus of a slander campaign and strong political pressure, leading him to resign from the judiciary.
Use of technology
Di Pietro was also known for being one of the first Italian prosecutors to use digital technologies in his work, using computers and visual presentations, which raised some protests (for example, by advocate Guido Spazzali). Di Pietro soon became interested in information technology (IT), and used it actively in his work. Instead of studying the classics—the usual high-school education for lawyers in Italy—he had trained to become an electronics technician (though he has never taken a computer course). He still maintains an interest in IT, with his blog and YouTube conferences.
Once he uttered a famous sentence to describe his own behaviour: "As a bricklayer I tried to build my walls straight, as a policeman I tried to arrest criminals, and as a judge I tried to bring people to trial when there was good reason to do so."(Quoted in 'Running on a clean-up ticket' by Domenico Pacitti, The Times Higher Education Supplement, London, 11 May 2001 http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/159664.article)
After the Mani Pulite investigations resulted in the disbandment of the previous ruling parties (first of all, Democrazia Cristiana), Di Pietro was called into Romano Prodi's new governing team as minister for Public Works, with responsibility for the areas most affected by bribery—all the initiatives financed by the state. Here he tried to impose a controversial project which would have doubled the main national motorway between Bologna and Florence. It provoked violent opposition by inhabitants of the interested areas. Ecologists, who had supported Prodi's coalition, protested the plan, which would have destroyed Apennine valleys and woods.
Romano Prodi had previously been the subject of an investigation run by Di Pietro, but the charges had been dropped before any trial.
Di Pietro came under investigation himself in 1997 for his activities both in the police and as a judge. It was later found that the main prosecutor handling Di Pietro's case, Fabio Salamone from Brescia, was the brother of a man that Di Pietro himself had prosecuted, and who had been sentenced to 18 months of jail for various corruption charges. Although it took some time for the authorities to realize this, Salamone was eventually allocated other duties and, after years of trials, Di Pietro was eventually cleared of all charges.
After being cleared, Di Pietro started a political career, something he had previously excluded on the grounds that he did not want to exploit the popularity he had gained while doing what he perceived to be just his duty. He was elected to the Italian Senate in a by-election caused by the resignation of a senator, and defeated right-wing journalist Giuliano Ferrara in the Mugello constituency, a left wing stronghold.
He later founded his own movement, Italia dei Valori (Italy of Values), making its main theme the fight against political corruption in Italy. As a protest against the growing tolerance of corruption in most Italian political parties, and the complacent attitude of left-wing politicians like Massimo D'Alema towards Berlusconi, he did not run alongside the left-wing coalition in the Italian general election of 2001, which was won by Silvio Berlusconi's coalition.
Di Pietro's movement collected just short of the nationwide four-percent limit necessary for entry to the Lower Chamber of the Parliament under proportional representation, and gained a single senator—who immediately defected to Berlusconi's party.
Running alongside the former leader of the Italian Communist Party and founder of the Democratic Party of the Left, Achille Occhetto, he received two seats in the European Elections of 2004. The other seat is currently taken by Giulietto Chiesa, a journalist.
Di Pietro was one of seven candidates for leader of the left-wing coalition The Union for the general election held on 16 October 2005 — eventually won by Romano Prodi — in which he obtained 3.3 percent of the votes, ranking fourth.
On 17 May 2006 Di Pietro was appointed Minister of Infrastructures by Romano Prodi, as part of his new government.
He is a member of the Bureau of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe and sits on the European Parliament's Committee on Legal Affairs. He is also a substitute for the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs and chairs the Delegation for relations with South Africa.
On 30 January 2006 he published a letter in the Italian newspaper L'Unità, in which he promised to work for a law that will prohibit anyone from being elected more than twice consecutively (although he has been an MP since 1996), and prohibiting anyone who has received a definitive sentence from becoming a candidate in elections.
In late October 2012 Antonio Di Pietro came under examination in an inquiry by the Italian national television program "Report" who questioned the alleged spending of IDV funds for personal use. Di Pietro has denied wrongdoing.
At the end of 2014, he left Italy of Values and became an independent.
In December 2006, Di Pietro started a vidcast on YouTube. In the vidcast, issued weekly from January 2007, Di Pietro talked about the issues discussed in the weekly Government Cabinet. Other prominent politicians, such as Angela Merkel of Germany, had released one-off vidcasts, but this was perhaps the first time that a minister of a government in office had a regular vidcast.
- 1978: Graduate in law
- 1978–1979: specialisation in administrative law
- 1980: qualification for court work
- 1981: magistrate
- 1996: Minister of Public Works in the 12th legislature
- 1997: Senator
- since 1998: Chairman of the 'Italia dei Valori' party
- since 1999: Member of the European Parliament
- 1999–2002: Chairman of the delegation for relations with South America and Mercosur
- 2002–2004: Chairman of the Delegation for relations with Central Asia—Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Mongolia
- Honorary degree from the University of Thrace (Greece)
- Cowell, Alan (March 5, 1993). "Rome Journal; Scandal Produces a Hero (Or Is It an Inquisitor?)". The New York Times. New York.
- Quaranta, Giuseppe Gustavo (March 21, 1998). "Breve Biografia di Antonio di Pietro e Storia Dell'Italia dei Valori" [Brief Biography of Antonio di Pietro and history of Italy of Values] (PDF) (in Italian). Dell'Italia dei Valori. Retrieved August 30, 2010.[permanent dead link]
- "Antonio di Pietro" (in Italian). Rai Educational. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
- Cook, Bernard A. (2001). "Di Pietro, Antonio (1950–)". Europe since 1945: an encyclopedia. 1. New York: Garland Publishing. p. 313. ISBN 0-8153-4057-5.
- "17 Gennaio Nasce 'Mani Pulite'" [January 17 Born 'Clean Hands'] (in Italian). One Italia.
- "Di Pietro, corruption & Clean Hands: interview with Domenico Pacitti". August 26, 2003. Archived from the original on September 22, 2011. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
- Corriereweb. "Su Napolitano aveva ragione Craxi" (in Italian). Archived from the original on 2013-02-21.
- Il Giornale. "Di Pietro ora dà ragione a Craxi" (in Italian).
- Di Pietro, Antonio. "L'informatica e Mani Pulite" [Information Technology and Clean Hands]. Intervista su Tangentopoli. Archived from the original on July 7, 2011. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
- "DiPietro". Di Pietro, Antonio. Archived from the original on August 17, 2010. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
- Bannerman, Lucy (2 October 2010). "Berlusconi opponent Antonio Di Pietro calls for an end to an Italy of mafia and spaghetti". The Times. London. Retrieved 3 October 2010.
- Sabrina Giannini (October 27, 2012). "Gli insaziabili". Corriere della Sera (in Italian).
- "Antonio Di Pietro replica a "Report" "15 case? Solo due appartamentini"". L'Eco di Bergamo (in Italian). November 2, 2012.
- "Da mia sorella Concetta: "Tonino, fai il tuo dovere e pagane le conseguenze". November 2, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
- Antonio Di Pietro pensa a un nuovo partito