Emil Anton Bundsmann
June 30, 1906
|Died||April 29, 1967 (aged 60)|
(m. 1936; div. 1957)
(m. 1957; div. 1963)
Anthony Mann (born Emil Anton Bundsmann; June 30, 1906 – April 29, 1967) was an American film director and stage actor, best remembered for his work in the film noir and Westerns genres. As a director, he often collaborated with the cinematographer John Alton. He directed films for a variety of production companies, from RKO to MGM, and worked with many major stars of the era. He made several Westerns with James Stewart, such as Winchester '73 (1950), and he was the director of the medieval epic El Cid (1961), working with Charlton Heston and Sophia Loren. He also directed the big-budget film Cimarron (1960), which starred Glenn Ford and Maria Schell.
Mann was born Emil Anton Bundsmann in San Diego, California. His father, Emile Theodore Bundsmann, an academic, was born in the village of Rosice, Chrudim, Bohemia to a Sudeten-German Catholic family. His mother, Bertha Weichselbaum, a drama teacher, was an American of Bavarian Jewish descent.
Shortly after their marriage, Mann's parents joined the Theosophical Society community of Lomaland in San Diego County where there was an emphasis on artistic, religious, and military training and where children were raised separately from their parents.
When Mann was three, his parents returned to his father's native Austria to seek treatment for Professor Bundsmann's ill health, leaving Mann behind in Lomaland. Mann's mother did not return for Mann until he was fourteen, and only then at the urging of a cousin who had paid him a visit and was worried about his treatment and situation at Lomaland.
With his father permanently institutionalized, Mann and his mother struggled financially in Newark, New Jersey, with Mann maintaining many odd jobs throughout the remainder of his middle and high school years. Mann appeared in some high school productions with his friend and classmate, future Hollywood studio executive Dore Schary. Schary would graduate from Newark's Central High School, but Mann dropped out in his senior year.
Theatre, TV, and early film work
Mann moved to New York and took a night job that enabled him to look for stage work during the day. He used the name "Anton Bundsmann".
He appeared as an actor in The Blue Peter (1925), The Little Clay Cart (1926), and Uncle Vanya (1929). In 1930 he began directing as well, but he continued to act, appearing in The Streets of New York, or Poverty is No Crime (1931), and The Bride the Sun Shines On (1933). He directed Thunder on the Left (1933).
He worked for various stock companies, and in 1934 set up his own which later became Long Island's Red Barn Playhouse.
He later directed So Proudly We Hail (1936).
During these years he met and married his first wife Mildred when they both worked at Macy's department store in New York City. Contrary to misleading newspaper reports, Mildred was a clerk and not a store executive or manager. They would have two children and divorce in 1956. Mann's second wife was Spanish actress Sara Montiel, from 1957-'63.
In 1937, Mann accepted an offer to work for Selznick International Pictures as a talent scout, casting director and screen test director. Among the films he worked on were The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1938), Intermezzo (1939) and Rebecca (1940).
Mann did notable, but mostly lost, work as a director for NBC's experimental television station W2XBS in 1939-'40. This included condensations of the hit Western play The Missouri Legend and the melodrama The Streets of New York. A five-minute silent clip of the latter show survives in the Museum of Television and Radio, including noted actors Norman Lloyd and George Coulouris.
Mann did not return to television in its commercial years.
Early films as director
In 1944 it was reported he might return to Broadway to direct Mirror for Children.
He went back to RKO for Desperate (1947) then had some other big successes at Eagle-Lion with Raw Deal (1948) and He Walked by Night (1948), although his directorial contribution to the latter was uncredited.
Mann was reunited with Stewart for another Western at Universal, Bend of the River (1952). The actor and director made a contemporary adventure film, Thunder Bay (1953) at Universal and a Western, The Naked Spur (1953) at MGM.
Mann went to Columbia to make a Western without Stewart, The Last Frontier (1955), with Victor Mature. Star and director were reunited on The Man from Laramie (1955) at Columbia. Then Stewart and Mann were meant to make Night Passage (1957) together, but had a disagreement and another director took over; they never collaborated again.
He made a western with Henry Fonda, The Tin Star (1957) then teamed with Philip Yordan to make two movies starring Robert Ryan and Aldo Ray, Men in War (1957), about the Korean War, and God's Little Acre (1958). In between, he directed Gary Cooper in a Western, Man of the West (1958).
Mann went to MGM to direct Glenn Ford in an expensive remake of Cimarron (1960), which failed to recoup its cost at the box office. He was also the original director of Spartacus (1960), but was fired early in production by producer-star Kirk Douglas and replaced with Stanley Kubrick, having shot a handful of scenes.
However a follow up epic for the same collaborators, The Fall of the Roman Empire (1964), was a huge flop and contributed to the demise of Bronston's empire.
- Dr. Broadway (1942)
- Moonlight in Havana (1942)
- Nobody's Darling (1943)
- My Best Gal (1944)
- Strangers in the Night (1944)
- Sing Your Way Home (1945)
- The Great Flamarion (1945)
- Two O'Clock Courage (1945)
- Strange Impersonation (1946)
- The Bamboo Blonde (1946)
- T-Men (1947)
- Railroaded! (1947)
- Desperate (1947) – also story
- He Walked by Night (1948) – director (uncredited), together with Alfred L. Werker
- Raw Deal (1948)
- Border Incident (1949)
- Reign of Terror (1949)
- Follow Me Quietly (1949) – director (uncredited), together with Richard Fleischer; also story
- The Furies (1950)
- Winchester '73 (1950)
- Side Street (1950)
- Devil's Doorway (1950)
- Quo Vadis – second-unit director (uncredited) (1951)
- The Tall Target (1951)
- Bend of the River (1953)
- Thunder Bay (1953)
- The Naked Spur (1953)
- The Glenn Miller Story (1954)
- The Far Country (1954)
- The Last Frontier (1955)
- The Man from Laramie (1955)
- Strategic Air Command (1955)
- Serenade (1956)
- The Tin Star (1957)
- Men in War (1957) – also producer
- Man of the West (1958)
- God's Little Acre (1958)
- Cimarron (1960)
- El Cid (1961)
- The Fall of the Roman Empire (1964)
- The Heroes of Telemark (1965)
- A Dandy in Aspic (1968) – also producer
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- farní úřad: Chrast, sign. 3745. Zámrsk Regional Archive. 1869. p. 53.
- Alvarez, Max. The Crime Films of Anthony Mann, p. 15. University Press of Mississippi, 2013. ISBN 9781496801036. Accessed December 19, 2017. "In New Jersey, Emile Anton attended elementary school in East Orange and high school in Newark but dropped out to go to work. The New York Times obituary reports him leaving high school at age sixteen, but the Central High School transcripts indicate a January 1925 dropout date, when Emile Anton was eighteen."
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- "Berlinale 1964: Juries". berlinale.de. Archived from the original on 29 March 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-16.
- Staff. "Anthony Mann, 60, A Movie Director; Filmmaker Who Favored Westerns Dies in Berlin", The New York Times, April 30, 1967. Accessed December 19, 2017. "Berlin, April 29 (Reuters) --Anthony Mann, the American film director, died here of a heart attack this morning. His age was 60."
- "Hollywood Star Walk: Anthony Mann", Los Angeles Times. Accessed December 19, 2017. "North side of the 6200 block of Hollywood Boulevard."
- Jeanine Basinger: Anthony Mann (Wesleyan University Press • Middletown, Conn • 1979/2007)