St James' Church
|Area||2.19 sq mi (5.7 km2) |
|Population||1,137 (2011) |
|• Density||519/sq mi (200/km2)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Altham is a village and civil parish in the Borough of Hyndburn, in Lancashire, England. It is the only parish in the borough – the remainder is an unparished area. The village is 4.3 miles (6.9 km) west of Burnley, 2.9 miles (4.7 km) north of Accrington, and 2 miles (3.2 km) north-east of Clayton-le-Moors, and is on the A678 Blackburn to Burnley road.
The village is located in the north east corner of the parish on the River Calder, and in the south west is Altham West, a suburb of Accrington. The census of 2001 recorded a population for the parish of 897, increasing to 1,137 at the 2011 Census. However the village's 2011 population was only 343. The Ham class minesweeper HMS Altham was named after the village.
Altham is in Hyndburn, a non-metropolitan district with borough status in Lancashire. Altham was once a township in the ancient parish of Whalley, this became a civil parish in 1866. From 1894 to 1974, the parish was in the Burnley Rural District.
Altham has a parish council; its meetings are usually in Altham village. The facilities at Accrington Stanley's Crown Ground stadium have allowed some meetings to be held there, a more convenient location for the residents of Altham West.
Coal mining was the major industry in Altham in the 19th and early 20th centuries. After the Leeds and Liverpool Canal was opened in the 1810s, pits were located near the canal, and supplied coal to the industries of East Lancashire. Later in the century Altham Colliery (later renamed Moorfield Colliery) was opened.
Altham St. James C.E. Primary School is located in the village. The nearest secondary schools are in Accrington.
Altham has an Anglican church, dedicated to St James and situated on Burnley Road. The current building, which is Grade II* listed, was built in the 16th century. However, a church has existed in the village since 1140. At first, it was dedicated to St Mary. Until 1870 it was the parish church to Accrington.
Altham is on the A678 road; the nearest motorway junctions are M65 junctions 7 (west of Clayton-le-Moors) and 8 (near Huncoat). As of September 2016, the village is served by only one bus route; the 152 operated by Blackburn Bus Company, which connects the village to Burnley, Blackburn and Preston.
- Listed buildings in Altham, Lancashire
- Timothy Jollie, nonconformist minister born in Altham circa 1659
- UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Altham Parish (1170215027)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
- "Parish headcount" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 December 2006. Retrieved 6 October 2008.
- UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Altham Built-up area (1119884734)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
- "Altham CP/Ch through time". visionofbritain.org.uk. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
- "Burnley RD Lancashire through time: Administrative history of Local Government District: hierarchies, boundaries". A Vision of Britain through Time. University of Portsmouth & others. 2008. Archived from the original on 14 May 2011. Retrieved 6 October 2008.
- "Your councillors by ward". Hyndburn Borough Council. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
- "Parish Plan Update". Altham Parish Council. Retrieved 28 June 2009.
- Clarke, Mike (2003). The Leeds & Liverpool Canal : a history and guide. Lancaster: Carnegie Publishing. p. 142. ISBN 978-1-85936-013-2. OCLC 54881773.
- "The Moorfield Pit Disaster". 2000. Archived from the original on 6 November 2007. Retrieved 19 March 2008.
- "Digging deep for our dark secrets". Lancashire Evening Telegraph. Newsquest Media Group. 10 July 2003. Retrieved 6 October 2008.[permanent dead link]
- "Thirteen children among 68 killed in pit disaster". Accrington Observer. M.E.N Media. 5 December 2002. Retrieved 19 March 2008.
- Historic England (2007). "Church of St James (1072721)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 12 October 2008.
- "St James formerly St Mary Church of England". GENUKI. 5 September 2008. Retrieved 12 October 2008.