Alliance of Progressives

Achille Occhetto Pietro Nenni Communist Refoundation Party
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Alliance of Progressives

Alleanza dei Progressisti
LeaderAchille Occhetto
FoundedFebruary 1994
DissolvedMarch 1995
Succeeded byThe Olive Tree
Centre-left coalition
Political positionCentre-left[1][2] to left-wing[3][4]

The Alliance of Progressives (Italian: Alleanza dei Progressisti), also known as simply the Progressives (Progressisti),[5][3] was a left-wing[3][4] to centre-left[1][2] political and electoral alliance of political parties in Italy formed in 1994, with relevant predecessors at local level in 1993.[1][2] The leader of the alliance was Achille Occhetto.[6]

History

The Alliance suffered a huge defeat in the 1994 general election by the Pole of Freedoms/Pole of Good Government centre-right coalitions led by Silvio Berlusconi. For the 1995 regional election and 1996 general election the Alliance was succeeded by The Olive Tree coalition, which included the Italian People's Party (diminished by the split of the United Christian Democrats in 1995), Italian Renewal and Segni Pact, and excluding the Communist Refoundation Party,[2] which was an external ally and presented its candidates under the "Progressives" banner in some single-seat constituencies.

Composition

The alliance was composed of:[2][7]

Party Ideology Leader
Democratic Party of the Left (PDS) Democratic socialism Achille Occhetto
Social Christians[a] Christian left Pierre Carniti
Communist Refoundation Party (PRC) Communism Fausto Bertinotti
Federation of the Greens (FdV) Green politics Carlo Ripa di Meana
Italian Socialist Party (PSI) Social democracy Ottaviano Del Turco
Socialist Rebirth[b] Social democracy Giorgio Benvenuto
The Network (Rete) Anti-corruption Leoluca Orlando
Democratic Alliance (AD) Social liberalism Willer Bordon
  1. ^ Contested elections under the PDS electoral lists.
  2. ^ Contested elections under the PSI electoral lists.

Election results

Italian Parliament

Chamber of Deputies
Election year Votes % Seats +/− Leader
1994 12,722,157 (2nd) 33.0
213 / 630
Achille Occhetto
Senate of the Republic
Election year Votes % Seats +/− Leader
1994 11,058,770 (2nd) 33.4
123 / 315
Achille Occhetto

References

  1. ^ a b c Christina Holtz-Bacha; Gianpietro Mazzoleni (2004). The Politics of Representation: Election Campaigning and Proportional Representation. Peter Lang. p. 57. ISBN 978-0-8204-6148-9.
  2. ^ a b c d e Stefan Köppl (2007). Das politische System Italiens: Eine Einführung. Springer-Verlag. p. 98. ISBN 978-3-531-14068-1.
  3. ^ a b c Ram Mudambi; Pietro Navarra; Giuseppe Sobbrio, eds. (2001). Rules, Choice and Strategy: The Political Economy of Italian Electoral Reform. Edward Elgar Publishing. p. 50. ISBN 978-1-78195-082-1.
  4. ^ a b Daniela Giannetti; Rose Mulé (2007). "The Democratici di Sinistra: In Search of a New Identity". In Anna Bosco; Leonardo Morlino (eds.). Party Change in Southern Europe. Routledge. p. 134. ISBN 978-1-136-76777-7.
  5. ^ Roberto D'Alimonte (2005). "Italy: A Case of Fragmented Bipolarism". In Michael Gallagher; Paul Mitchell (eds.). The Politics of Electoral Systems. OUP Oxford. p. 265. ISBN 978-0-19-153151-4.
  6. ^ Gino Moliterno, ed. (2002). Encyclopedia of Contemporary Italian Culture. Routledge. p. 852. ISBN 978-1-134-75877-7.
  7. ^ Sona Nadenichek Golder (2006). The Logic of Pre-electoral Coalition Formation. Ohio State University Press. p. 160. ISBN 978-0-8142-1029-1.