|Founded||16 September 1946 |
(as Alitalia - Linee Aeree Italiane S.p.A.)
12 January 2009
(as Alitalia - Compagnia Aerea Italiana S.p.A.)
1 January 2015
(as Alitalia - Società Aerea Italiana S.p.A.)
29 June 2020
(as Alitalia - Trasporto Aereo Italiano S.p.A.)
|Commenced operations||29 June 2020|
|Parent company||Government of Italy|
|Headquarters||Fiumicino, Rome, Italy|
|Revenue||€2,915 million (2017)|
|Operating income||€-526 Million (2017)|
|Profit||€-496 Million (2017)|
Alitalia - Trasporto Aereo Italiano S.p.A, operating as Alitalia (Italian pronunciation: [aliˈtaːlja]), is the flag carrier and largest airline of Italy. The company has its head office in Fiumicino, Metropolitan City of Rome Capital. Its main hub is Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport, Rome, with a secondary hub at Linate Airport, Milan. Other focus airports are Catania–Fontanarossa Airport, Milan Malpensa Airport, Palermo Airport and Naples Airport. The airline is fully owned by the Government of Italy since 17 March 2020. The airline operates a fleet of Airbus A319, Airbus A320, Airbus A321, Airbus A330-200, and Boeing 777-200ER aircraft to over 100 scheduled domestic, European and intercontinental destinations. The airline is a full member of SkyTeam alliance. In 2018, it was the twelfth-largest airline in Europe.
Establishment of Alitalia
Alitalia - Linee Aeree Italiane S.p.A. was established on 16 September 1946 as Aerolinee Italiane Internazionali (Italian International Airlines). It was formed as a result of an Anglo-Italian agreement and was funded by the Italian government and British European Airways (BEA) in a 60/40 share arrangement with a capital of 900 million lire (£1,000,000). Its popular name, Alitalia, blended the Italian words ali (wings) and Italia (Italy). It started operations on 5 May 1947, in which year it carried over 10,000 passengers. The inaugural flight was with a Fiat G.12 Alcione, piloted by Virginio Reinero from Turin to Catania and Rome.
The first intercontinental flight left a year later, flying between Milan and cities in South America. The Savoia-Marchetti SM.95 four engined airliner was used on European routes up to 1949. On 31 October 1957, Alitalia merged with Linee Aeree Italiane and took on the name of Alitalia – Linee Aeree Italiane. Alitalia was owned by the Italian Ministry of the Treasury (49%), other shareholders, including employees (49%) and Air France-KLM (2%, now: 25%).
By 1960 Alitalia was operating jet airliners on some European routes (the Sud Caravelle) and the Douglas DC-8 on several longer distance routes. The Vickers Viscount propeller-turbine four-engined airliner was flown by Alitalia on its European network throughout the 1960s.
In 1978 Alitalia had its head office in the Palazzo Alitalia in Rome.
By the 1990s Alitalia was carrying 25 million passengers annually. In 1997 it set up a regional subsidiary Alitalia Expressand in 2001 became a member of SkyTeam. In November 2003 Alitalia announced that it would cut 2,700 jobs over the next three years to prepare the airline for a merger with Air France and KLM. In April 2004 Alitalia acquired Gandalf Airlines, a bankrupt regional airline, to gain additional slots at several European airports, mainly in Milan (Linate) and Paris (Charles De Gaulle).
In 1995 Alitalia signed a partnership with KLM which aimed at a merger. The aim of the partnership was to develop Malpensa as a hub, along with Amsterdam (which lacked enough landing slots to expand further) and Rome Fiumicino.
Typically, the Pope flies on a chartered Alitalia Jet. The Pope's flight is often nicknamed "Shepherd One" by the press, while the actual callsign is "Volo Papale" (papal flight, in Italian) followed by a serial number.
In September 2007, Alitalia announced that it would nearly halve its hub at Malpensa and instead focus on Rome-Fiumicino and move all intercontinental flights there. Until this announcement, Malpensa had been Alitalia's primary hub for intercontinental flights. The transition away from Malpensa and towards Rome-Fiumicino was completed by the end of March 2008. Minor intercontentinental destinations, which previously received flights only from Malpensa, henceforth received only flights from Rome-Fiumicino, or else were discontinued.
Creation of Alitalia - Compagnia Aerea Italiana
In 2008, a group of investors formed the "Compagnia Aerea Italiana" (CAI) consortium to buy the bankrupt Alitalia – Linee Aeree Italiane ("old" Alitalia) and to merge these with Air One, another bankrupt Italian carrier.
On 30 October 2008, CAI offered €1 billion to acquire parts of the bankrupt airline, amidst pilots' and flight crew members' opposition to labour agreements. On 19 November 2008, CAI's offer was accepted by the bankruptcy administrator of Alitalia with the permission of the Italian government, at the time the majority shareholder of the bankrupt airline. Alitalia's profitable assets were transferred to CAI on 12 December 2008 after CAI paid €1.05 billion, consisting of €427 million in cash and the assumption of responsibility for €625 million in Alitalia debt.
A USA diplomatic cable disclosed in 2011 summarised the operation as follows: "Under the guise of a rather quaint (and distinctly un-EU) desire to maintain the Italian-ness of the company, a group of wealthy Berlusconi cronies was enticed into taking over the healthy portions of Alitalia, leaving its debts to the Italian taxpayers. The rules of bankruptcy were changed in the middle of the game to meet the government's needs. Berlusconi pulled this one off, but his involvement probably cost the Italian taxpayers a lot of money."
On 13 January 2009, the "new" Alitalia launched operations. The owners of Compagnia Aerea Italiana sold 25% of the company's shares to Air France-KLM for €322 million. Air France-KLM also obtained an option, subject to certain conditions, to purchase additional shares after 2013.
The "new" Alitalia has not claimed the old Alitalia's history as its own, as can be seen in official documents regarding the new "Alitalia Group". Instead, they stressed that they were a totally different company: they chose not to recognize benefits such as discounted tickets to former Alitalia-LAI workers and refused to honour passengers' claims against the old Alitalia.
The new Alitalia does not own many of its operating airplanes. (Alitalia-LAI had owned all of its airplanes.) Almost every plane that CAI had acquired from the old Alitalia was sold or decommissioned. Alitalia-CAI airplanes are leased mostly from Aircraft Purchase Fleet (it), an Irish company owned by Carlo Toto, the former owner of the bankrupt Air One, which was merged in 2008 into Alitalia-CAI when the new company was founded.
Relaunch to Alitalia - Società Aerea Italiana
In January 2010, Alitalia celebrated its first anniversary since the relaunch. It carried 22 million passengers in its first year of operations. In 2011, 25 million passengers were carried. On 1 February 2010, it was announced that Alitalia crew would go on a four-hour strike over wages. This was the first strike action for Alitalia since the relaunch. On 11 February 2010, Alitalia announced that, starting from March 2010, it would use Air One as a low-fare airline ("Smart Carrier"), with operations based at Milan Malpensa Airport, focused on short-haul leisure routes. It was predicted that the subsidiary would handle 2.4 million passengers by 2012. In 2011, 1.4 million passengers were carried by the subsidiary. Although operations were initially to be concentrated at Milan Malpensa, Air One later operated from Milan-Malpensa, Venice-Marco Polo, Pisa and Catania as of January 2013.
On 12 February 2011, information was released about a possible merger between Alitalia and Meridiana Fly, another Italian carrier. The merger did not occur. On 23 February 2011, Alitalia and ENAC announced the introduction of a safety card written in braille and characters in 3-D relief, which is the first of its kind. On 25 January 2012, Alitalia signed memoranda of understanding with two other Italian airlines, Blue Panorama and Wind Jet, and said to have started processes "aimed at achieving integration" with them. By the end of July 2012, the Italian antitrust authority allowed Alitalia to acquire Wind Jet, but in return Alitalia would have to cede slots on domestic routes. Faced with this, Alitalia cancelled the plans a few days later in August 2012.
On 3 May 2013, in a sting codenamed "Operation Clean Holds", police made 49 arrests at Rome's Fiumicino airport, with another 37 in Italian airports including Bari, Bologna, Milan Linate, Naples, Palermo and Verona. All were Alitalia employees caught on camera and most were charged with aggravated theft and damage. In late 2013, facing bankruptcy, the loss of a major fuel supplier, and a possible grounding by Italy's civil aviation authority, the airline announced a €500 million rescue package which included a €75 million investment by the Italian state-owned postal operator.
Etihad Airways Joint Venture
In June 2014, the Abu Dhabi-based UAE national airline Etihad Airways announced it was taking a 49% stake in Alitalia. On 30 September 2014, Alitalia's budget subsidiary Air One ceased flight operations.
On 1 January 2015, Alitalia-CAI formally passed its operations to Alitalia-SAI, a new entity owned 49% by Abu Dhabi-based Etihad Airways and 51% owned by the former Italian stakeholders of Alitalia-CAI. In May 2015, Alitalia announced it would terminate its partnership with Air France-KLM in 2017, stating that there were no longer enough advantages from the joint venture to keep it up.
In February 2016, Alitalia announced that in late March 2016 it would cancel most of its routes from Pisa, including Moscow, Prague, Berlin, Catania and Tirana. Alitalia decided to continue flying to Olbia and Rome.
On 25 April 2017, after Alitalia employees rejected job-cuts proposal aimed at reducing costs, the airline announced that it will start going through a bankruptcy process, beginning with the appointment of an administrator. The Italian government permitted Alitalia to file for bankruptcy on 2 May 2017. On 17 May 2017, after the government had ruled out nationalizing the airline, it was officially put up for sale to be auctioned off. In June, EasyJet expressed interest in purchasing the airline. Ryanair also expressed interest but dropped its bid after the chaos caused by Ryanair's flight cancellations.
In 2018, Delta Air Lines, EasyJet and Italian railway company Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane lodged formal expressions of interest to acquire Alitalia; talks between the parties were opened in February 2019. In March 2019, EasyJet announced that it had withdrawn from the discussions. After the official visit of Chinese President Xi Jinping to Rome, China Eastern Airlines expressed interest in Alitalia's rescue plan and could spend up to €100 million in exchange for a 10% stake. Delta Air Lines stated to Reuters that it was ready to invest in Alitalia but that a 10% stake was the right way for them to do so.
Return to state ownership
In April 2020, the Italian government announced it would take over Alitalia in May since it could not survive the COVID-19 crisis on its own. The fleet will be reduced from 113 aircraft to "more than 90". The airline is also questioning if it should remain in SkyTeam, which it has been a member of since 2001.
On 21 May 2020, Alitalia left the SkyTeam Transatlantic Joint Ventures.
On 29 June 2020, Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte announced that Francesco Caio was named Chairman and Fabio Lazzerini was named CEO of the new Alitalia. On the same day the airline reorganized as Alitalia - Trasporto Aereo Italiano S.p.A. 
Company status and structure
Alitalia's continued loss-making over several years has led to various changes of ownership and status. As of August 2019, the company (Alitalia – Società Aerea Italiana S.p.A.) and its subsidiary Cityliner (Alitalia Cityliner S.p.A.) are in Extraordinary Administration (EA), by virtue of decrees of the Ministry of Economic Development on 2 May and 12 May 2017 respectively, and were declared insolvent on 11 May and 26 May 2017 respectively. Luigi Gubitosi, Prof. Enrico Laghi and Prof. Stefano Paleari were appointed as Extraordinary Commissioners of the Companies in EA.
In terms of ownership, the current shareholders appear to be Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane (the Italian state railway company) with 35%, the Italian Ministry of Economy maintaining a further 15% and Delta Air Lines providing technical expertise with a minority 10% stake. The now-majority stakeholder Ferrovie dello Stato is reported to be seeking investor(s) to provide a 40% stake.
Although declared bankrupt, the airline continues to trade, albeit unprofitably.
The recent key trends of the new group (Alitalia - Società Aerea Italiana S.p.A.), including Alitalia CityLiner, that commenced trading on 1 January 2015, are (as at year ending 31 December):
|Turnover (€ m)||3,312||2,880||2,915||3,071|
|Net profit/loss (EBIT) (€ m)||-199||-360||-496||-343|
|Number of employees (FTE)(at year end)||×||×||10,871||10,711|
|Number of passengers (m)||22.1||22.6||21.3||21.8|
|Passenger load factor (%)||76.2||78.7||78.7||80.0|
|Number of aircraft (group)(at year end)||141||×||121||×|
Historical business and operating results for Alitalia's performance before the 2015 reorganisation, where available, were:
ND = No Data
Alitalia's head office is located in Building Alfa at Via Alberto Nassetti in Fiumicino, Province of Rome. The corporate headquarters was designed by AMDL, a Milan-based architecture firm. The head office was previously in a building at Piazza Almerico da Schio, also in Fiumicino.
Alitalia branding is iconic with Italians as the airline adopts the colors of the Flag of Italy (Green, White, Red). The name of Alitalia is designed as an Italian portmanteau of the words ali ('wings') and Italia ('Italy'). The iconic livery designed based on its logo has the letter A painted on its tail fin of the aircraft. Since 1996 the Airline adopted the Hockey stick aircraft livery design. Since the Etihad Airways Joint Venture the airline resigned its livery with a warm ivory fuselage design with only the Alitalia A warp around the tail and the tail section of the airplane. The current branding and livery design was created by Landor.
Alitalia McDonnell Douglas DC-9 in the 1957 Livery
Alitalia Boeing 747 in the 1996 Livery
Alitalia Boeing 777 in the 2005 Livery
Alitalia Airbus A320 in the Current Livery Design
A variety of different slogans have been used by Alitalia:
- "Alitalia vola con te" (Alitalia flies with you)
- "Fatti per volare alto" (Made to fly high)
- "Alitalia, al lavoro per te" (Alitalia, working for you)
- "Muoviamo chi muove l'Italia" (We move those who move Italy)
- "Scegli come volare" (Choose how to fly)
- "The pleasure of flying Made in Italy"
In 2014, the company adopted a new slogan
- "Where the journey meets the destination." (International advertisement)
Alitalia - LAI Financial Issue
Alitalia-Linee Aeree Italiane S.p.A. lost money for years owing to problems with pilots and crew members and labour difficulties, and to government and political interference with attempts to solve them. The Italian government supported Alitalia many times until the European Union set a moratorium on any support before 2011. Alitalia - Linee Aeree Italiane S.p.A. did not survive this moratorium. Alitalia - Linee Aeree Italiane S.p.A. went into liquidation in 2008. The viable parts of Alitalia - Linee Aeree Italiane S.p.A. were bought by the private company Alitalia - Compagnia Aerea Italiana on 12 December 2008, which started operations on 13 January 2009.
Alitalia has reported only one year of profit (1998) since its foundation in 1946. Alitalia reported net losses of more than €3.7 billion between 1999 and 2008. Previous state aid to Alitalia included some €1.5 billion in 1998 from the government of premier Romano Prodi. In 2002 Alitalia received a capital increase of €1.432 billion under the government of Silvio Berlusconi. In 2004 the Berlusconi government gave a €400mn 'bridge' loan to Alitalia. In 2005 the capital of Alitalia was increased by €1.6 billion, including an over €500mn bond float issued with the promise of a return to profit in 2006. (Unfortunately the year ended with a loss of €626 million). In 2008 the Italian government gave a bridging loan of €300mn to Alitalia.
The government could in 2006 no longer offer support to the failing airline since it had been forbidden by the European Union to inject new capital. Therefore, as all other attempts to save the company had failed, the Italian government announced its willingness to lead Alitalia towards privatization by lowering its part of ownership in it. Several failed attempts to take over or merge Alitalia were made.
In May 2008 the government issued a decree that would exempt Alitalia from disclosing information on this sale to the market. As a consequence the trade in Alitalia stock at the Borsa Italiana in Milan was halted indefinitely by the stock exchange authorities as of 4 June 2008. Intesa Sanpaolo, as requested by the government, devised a plan in co-operation with the Italian cabinet. The plan was that Alitalia would file for bankruptcy, and thus be protected from its creditors. The next step of the plan was to split Alitalia in two parts, one part containing the debts and less promising parts of the company. After negotiations under supervision of the Italian government Alitalia filed for bankruptcy in August 2008.
Alitalia - CAI Financial Issue
CAI, Compagnia Aerea Italiana, a consortium of Italian investors, presented a binding offer of €1,100 million to Alitalia's bankruptcy administrator on 30 October 2008 to acquire parts of the airline, pressing ahead despite refusal by some pilots and flight attendants' unions to sign on to the rescue plan. The Italian government and the bankruptcy administrator agreed to the CAI takeover offer on 19 November 2008. The profitable assets of Alitalia - Linee Aeree Italiane S.p.A. were transferred to CAI on 12 December 2008, when CAI paid the offered sum. CAI paid €1.052 billion ($1.33 billion), paying €427 million in cash and taking on €625 million in Alitalia debts. CAI is liable for all Alitalia expenses per 1 December 2008. CAI bought Air One as well.
Alitalia has been in the SkyTeam alliance since 2009; Alitalia - LAI originally joined in 2001. Alitalia has since arranged code-share agreements with SkyTeam members, allowing passengers to fly to numerous destinations (with some or all segments operated by airlines other than Alitalia) using a single Alitalia ticket. In July 2010, Alitalia also joined Air France, KLM and Delta's transatlantic Joint Venture, meaning that the profits from flights across the Atlantic are shared between the four airlines.
- Aerolineas Argentinas
- Air Corsica
- Air Europa
- Air France
- Air France Hop
- Air Malta
- Air Serbia
- Air Seychelles
- All Nippon Airways
- Azerbaijan Airlines
- Azul Brazilian Airlines
- Bulgaria Air
- Blue Air
- China Airlines
- China Eastern Airlines
- China Southern Airlines
- Croatia Airlines
- Czech Airlines
- Delta Air Lines
- Etihad Airways
- Gol Transportes Aéreos
- Hainan Airlines
- Kenya Airways
- Korean Air
- Kuwait Airways
- Middle East Airlines
- Montenegro Airlines
- Pegasus Airlines
- Royal Air Maroc
- Royal Jordanian
- SriLankan Airlines
- TAP Air Portugal
- Uzbekistan Airways
- Vietnam Airlines
- Virgin Australia
As of September 2020, the Alitalia fleet operates the following aircraft.
Between 2009 and 2011, Alitalia renewed its fleet with 34 new aircraft, while 26 older planes were retired. The renewal process ended in early 2013. These new planes are not owned by Alitalia itself but are leased mostly from Aircraft Purchase Fleet, an Irish leasing company created by former Air One owner Carlo Toto primarily to purchase the new Alitalia fleet. Following the Air One merger, the entire fleet that was not already leased from other lessors, plus the former Air One fleet that was owned by Air One outright, came under the ownership of APF, a subsidiary of Toto's Italian conglomerate Toto Holding. The majority of the fleet is now on the Irish registry instead of the Italian registry.
During its restructuring in 2020 with the Italian government ownership in Alitalia, the airline planned to reduce the 113 aircraft to "more than 90".
In 2020 Alitalia has been replanning the fleet size and types of aircraft for future operations. Alitalia is currently only in plans and no contract has been yet signed which means there might be changes due to the future of the fleet. Alitalia overall plans to plan out the fleet by buying an undetermined quantity of Airbus A220-100 and Airbus A220-300 for its Alitalia CityLiner fleet. Alitalia plans for its mainline fleet to use the current Airbus A320-200 but possibly plans to buy the Airbus A320neo. For Long-haul Alitalia is instead planning to use the Boeing 787 Dreamliner in which the variants would be the Boeing 787-8 and the Boeing 787-9. All of these aircraft overall would come out with a discount of or above the 50%-off discount. Airbus would pull the rug on Boeing to sell the Boeing 787 Dreamliner and rather offer their all-new Airbus A330neo and the all-new Airbus A350 XWB in which the variants would be the Airbus A330-900neo and the Airbus A350-900. Overall Airbus to possibly convince Alitalia they would need to make discounts up to an impressive 65% to 70% off. Alitalia hasn't yet made a contract with the aircraft manufacturers but has already been in contact with them for the future.
- Alitalia during the 1960s started leading European airlines into the Jet Age and it became the first airline in Europe to adopt an all jet aircraft fleet in 1969.
- The Boeing 767-300ER was introduced to the Alitalia-Linee Aeree Italiane fleet in 1994, and retired after 17 years of service in 2012. The last 767 flight was AZ845 from Accra via Lagos to Rome on 25 October 2012.
- The McDonnell Douglas MD-82 was introduced to the Alitalia-Linee Aeree Italiane fleet in 1983, and then retired in 2012 after 29 years of service. The last flight with this aircraft type operated on 27 October 2012 using the plane with registration I-DATI on flight AZ1740 (Catania-Milan-Linate). The same aircraft on 17 December 2012 operated a memorial flight from Rome-Fiumicino Airport to Trieste Airport with journalists and ex-Alitalia's CEO Andrea Ragnetti on board. During landing, I-DATI was supported by Frecce Tricolori; they did a show for the occasion.
- In mid-2009, a Boeing 767-300ER (EI-DBP) was painted in the SkyTeam livery.
- On 19 July 2010, an Airbus A320-200 (EI-DSA), which had previously been in the Air One livery, was painted in a special "Alitalia.com" livery. This plane is now wearing Alitalia-SAI livery.
- In March 2012, an Embraer E-190-100LR (EI-RND) was delivered in the SkyTeam livery.
- In March 2012, a Boeing 777-200ER (EI-DDH) was painted in the SkyTeam livery.
- In April 2012, an Airbus A321-100 (EI-IXI) was painted in the historic livery of Freccia Alata-Linee Aeree Italiane, Alitalia's predecessor. This plane is now scrapped.
- In November 2013, an Airbus A330-200 (EI-DIR), which had previously been in the Air One livery, was painted in the SkyTeam livery.
- In March 2014, an Airbus A330-200 (EI-EJG) and an Airbus A320-200 (EI-DSM) were painted in a special livery dedicated to Calabria. EI-EJG is now wearing Alitalia-SAI livery and EI-DSM is sold to Congo Airways.
- In April 2014, an Airbus A319-100 (EI-IMI) was painted in a special livery dedicated to Friuli-Venezia Giulia. From August 2015 this plane is wearing Alitalia-SAI livery.
- In October 2014, an Airbus A330-200 (EI-EJM) was painted in a special livery, in cooperation with its partner Etihad Airways, dedicated to Expo 2015. This plane is now wearing Alitalia-SAI livery.
- In December 2014, an Airbus A320-200 (EI-DSW) was painted in a Jeep Renegade Livery.
The airline's frequent-flyer program is named "MilleMiglia" (thousand miles), and is part of the SkyTeam alliance program, allowing passengers to collect miles and redeem them with free tickets across the whole alliance.
It also grants access to Alitalia's Privilege clubs, Ulisse, Freccia Alata, and Freccia Alata Plus, depending on the number of miles collected in a year, with various advantages depending on the club. These clubs give access to SkyTeam Elite (Ulisse) and SkyTeam Elite+ (Freccia Alata, Freccia Alata plus).
On 3 February 2015, Etihad Airways acquired a 75 per cent stake in Alitalia Loyalty S.p.A, the owner and operator of MilleMiglia, with Alitalia retaining the remaining 25 per cent stake. Alitalia Loyalty was now part of Global Loyalty Company (GLC), a loyalty and lifestyle company that aimed to allow Etihad Airways and its partners to target the global loyalty market more effectively. GLC also consists of Etihad Airways' Etihad Guest. Together, Etihad Guest, topbonus, JetPrivilege and MilleMiglia had a combined total of 14 million members worldwide. However, on 18 December 2018, Alitalia and Global Loyalty Company LLC signed an agreement under which Global Loyalty Company LLC sold the 75% of Alitalia Loyalty S.p.A. to the Italian carrier.
Accidents and incidents
Alitalia - LAI
Two Alitalia pilots, Alberto Nassetti and Pier Paolo Racchetti, were killed while acting as passengers during the 1994 A330 test flight. Alitalia actually never purchased the A330, and dedicated two Boeing 767 aircraft to the lost pilots.
On 30 June 1982, an Alitalia Boeing 747 with 340 passengers was hijacked by a Sri Lankan man, Sepala Ekanayake. He demanded $300,000, for the plane to fly to Bangkok-Don Muang International Airport and for his wife and son to be brought to Bangkok. After the hijacking Sepala Ekanayake was sent to Sri Lanka where he was arrested and sentenced to prison.
Alitalia - CAI
Listed here are incidents since Alitalia-CAI's launch of operations on 13 January 2009:
- On 24 April 2011, an attempt was made to hijack Alitalia Flight 329, en route from Charles de Gaulle Airport, Paris, France to Fiumicino Airport, Rome and divert it to Tripoli International Airport, Libya. The hijacker, reported to be an advisor to the Kazakhstan delegation to UNESCO, was subdued by cabin crew and other passengers. He was arrested and taken into custody after the aircraft made a safe landing at Rome.
- On 2 February 2013 at 20:32, a Carpatair ATR 72 YR-ATS operating on behalf of Alitalia experienced a hard landing because of strong gusty wind at Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport in Rome while arriving from Pisa. Sixteen people were injured, two seriously, of which one was the co-pilot.
- On 29 September 2013 at 20:10, Alitalia Airbus A320 EI-EIB flying from Madrid–Barajas Airport to Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport was unable to fully lower the right main landing gear on landing during a storm. The aircraft toppled and skidded off the runway. Ten passengers suffered minor injuries.
In December 2005, the bankrupt Volare Group (Volareweb, Air Europe) was put up for sale. Alitalia bid to buy the group (other bidders were Air One and Meridiana/Eurofly). Air One went to court claiming that Alitalia could not buy Volare Group as it had received state aid in the past. The TAR (Regional Administrative Tribunal) of Lazio tried to block Alitalia's acquisition of Volare Group but abandoned the attempt, claiming that Alitalia had repaid its €400 million loan and so there would be nothing stopping it from buying Volare Group. Air One also went to court, unsuccessfully. Alitalia created Volare SpA to buy the Volare Group. The airlines were becoming closer and Volare Group had started providing soft maintenance services for some Alitalia aircraft in Milan Malpensa airport. However, the Italian Consiglio di Stato (State Council) on 23 May 2006 has once again blocked the acquisition of the airline. It is not clear what is going to happen as Volare is in serious financial difficulties. On 2 November 2006 TAR court decided that the administrative procedure used by the Italian government to sell Volare to Alitalia was invalid but the selling contract is still valid because the administrative court was declared incompetent about this topic. If Air One wants to obtain Volare it will have to go to the local civil court and ask it to declare that the selling contract is invalid. Alitalia's offer for 38 million euros was the winning bid. On 15 May 2006 the former Volare Group employees were transferred to Volare SpA (the Alitalia subsidiary).
Antitrust Issues with Alitalia - LAI
In December 2005, Italy's antitrust agency fined Alitalia €30,000 for misleading consumers by advertising a round-trip flight tariff while showing only the price of a one-way ticket. The antitrust agency in a statement said the advertisement appeared on Alitalia's web site during May and June 2005.
The European Court of Justice has in July 2008 rejected an appeal by Alitalia against the European Commission in a long-running inquiry into Italian state aid. The airline challenged conditions set by the commission in 2001 for the use of state aid in restructuring the company. The court ruling does not impose any new conditions on Alitalia and the commission considers the case settled. A statement: "the Court of First Instance dismisses Alitalia's action and confirms that the commission's decision of 2001 is valid". The court: "confirms the validity of each of the conditions imposed on Alitalia by the commission". These conditions were:
- a requirement that the Italian authorities act as a normal shareholder;
- that cash injections be used only for restructuring Alitalia and not for expanding the business;
- that Alitalia sells its holding in the Hungarian airline Malev;
- and that the state aid take the form of a one-off payment.
- "Modello di Organizzazione, Gestione e Controllo ex D.LGS 231/01" (PDF). Alitalia – Compagnia Aerea Italiana S.p.A. p. 21. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 January 2015.
- Today's Alitalia - Compagnia Aerea Italiana (CAI) is distinct from Alitalia - Linee Aeree Italiane (LAI), which was founded in 1946. In 2009, CAI acquired the callsign, branding rights, and other assets that once belonged to LAI. 
- "Destinazioni e rotte Alitalia". Alitalia. Retrieved 26 August 2020.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 July 2018. Retrieved 1 June 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Relazione ai sensi dell'articolo 1, comma 1-bis del decreto legge 27 aprile 2018, n. 38, convertito con modificazioni in legge 21 giugno 2018, n. 77" (PDF). Amministrazionestraordinariaalitiasai.com. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
- "Alitalia relaunches with new execs, new name, new routes". ch-aviation. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
- Hofmann, Kurt (5 April 2017). "24-hour strike forces Alitalia to cancel 394 flights". Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 6 April 2017.
- "Contacts". Alitalia Corporate. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
Headquarter Via Alberto Nassetti SNC 00054 Fiumicino.
- "The Anglo-Italian Agreement". Flight International. 18 July 1946. p. 70. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
- "World Airline Directory". Flight International. 22 April 1978. p. 1134. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
- Willey, David (15 April 2008). "Pope's US tour: Reporter's diary". BBC News. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
- "Alitalia Will Re-Evaluate SkyTeam Membership". Simple Flying. 23 April 2020. Retrieved 8 July 2020.
- GOVERNO: FALLIMENTO DI ALITALIA! SALVATI DALLA BANCAROTTA SOLO AIR ONE E MALPENSA (Pirozzi e Biasco). | IlpuntoDue "La Nuova Compagnia, servirà a salvare la Air One di Toto, che accumula passivi ogni giorno, insieme al salvataggio dell’aeroporto di Malpensa, che correva il rischio di perdere 62 attracchi al giorno e il declassamento ad aeroporto di secondo livello." translated: "The New Company (Alitalia-CAI) will save Toto's Air One, which has its debts increased every day, together with Malpensa Airport, which could have lost 62 slots per day and it could have been declassed to second-level airport."
- Di Leo, Luca; Sorlini, Gordon (21 November 2008). "Alitalia Rescue Plan Receives Governmental Green Light". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- Deepa Babington (19 November 2008). "Italy agrees sale of Alitalia to CAI consortium". Reuters.com. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
- "Alitalia, Fantozzi accetta l'offerta di Cai: 1.052 milioni" (in Italian). SKY TG 24. 21 November 2008.
- "Boykott CAI (Alitalia+AirOne)". Gurgle Italy. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- "Alitalia, vola italiano ma a quale prezzo." (Archive, shows an Italian translation of a 3 October 2008 cable from the USA Embassy Rome, see in the original English, Archive) La Repubblica.
- Dinmore, Guy; Done, Kevin; Boland, Vincent (12 January 2009). "Air France-KLM buys 25% of Alitalia". Financial Times. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- Page 21 of Modello di Organizzazione, Gestione e Controllo ex D.LGS 231/01 Parte Generale – Alitalia – Compagnia Aerea Italiana S.p.A. Archived 6 January 2015 at the Wayback Machine
- Elliott, Christopher (5 November 2010). "Three years later, Alitalia still owes me $528 for my lost baggage and ruined Italian vacation". Consumer Travel. Archived from the original on 7 November 2010. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- "About us". APFL. Archived from the original on 19 November 2010. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- "Alitalia: Colaninno, 22 MLN Passeggeri Nel 2009. E Quest'Anno di Piu' (abnm)". Informazione.it. 15 January 2010. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- Alitalia (24 February 2012). "Alitalia's Board Of Directors Approves The Group Financial Statement For 2011" (Press release). Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- Segreti, Giulia; Dinmore, Guy (1 February 2010). "Alitalia faces first strike action since emerging from bankruptcy". Financial Times. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- "Alitalia: 3 milioni di pax a Malpensa con Air One" (in Italian). TTG Italia. 21 September 2012. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- Remondini, Chiara (12 February 2011). "Alitalia, Meridiana Fly Are in Merger Talks, Messaggero Reports". Bloomberg. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- "ENAC and Alitalia present the safety card written in Braille and characters in 3-D relief introduced on scheduled flights for the first time in the world" (Press release). Alitalia. 23 February 2011. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- "Alitalia plans merger with Blue Panorama and Wind Jet". Flightglobal. 25 January 2012. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- "volaspheric: Alitalia has cancelled Wind Jet acquisition". Volaspheric.blogspot.de. 2 August 2012. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- Laura Smith-Spark (4 May 2013). "Italian police arrest dozens over Alitalia baggage theft". Cnn.com.
- "Alitalia Secures €500 million in New Funding, Avoids Bankruptcy". Frequent Business Traveler. 12 October 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
- ""È arrivato il sì di Etihad", sempre più vicino l'accordo con Alitalia". Corriere della Sera. 1 August 2014. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- "The New Alitalia Takes Off" (Press release). Alitalia Corporate. 1 January 2015. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- Frommberg, Laura (19 May 2015). "Alitalia trennt sich von Air France KLM – Scheidung auf Italienisch". Aerotelegraph.com (in German). Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- "Alitalia lascia l'aeroporto di Pisa: rotte sostituite da altre compagnie". R.it Firenze (in Italian). 3 March 2016. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- "Alitalia to Start Bankruptcy Process as Workers Spurn Bailout". Bloomberg.com. 24 April 2017. Retrieved 27 April 2017.
- "Alitalia to Start Bankruptcy Process as Workers Spurn Bailout". Bloomberg. Retrieved 22 May 2017.
- "Italy kicks off Alitalia sale process". Reuters.com. 17 May 2017. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
- "EasyJet confirms interest in Alitalia". atwonline.com. Retrieved 19 June 2017.
- "Ryanair drops its bid to buy ailing Alitalia". Thelocal.it. 27 September 2017.
- "FS launches bid to acquire Alitalia". International Railway Journal. 2 November 2018.
- Clark, Oliver (13 February 2019). "State rail operator to open Alitalia talks with EasyJet and Delta". Flight Global.
- Clark, Oliver (18 March 2019). "EasyJet pulls out of Alitalia privatisation process". Flightglobal.com.
- "China Eastern Interested in Buying Alitalia". 0 Simple Flying. 30 March 2019.
- "Delta still eyeing 10% of Alitalia after LATAM stake buy: CEO". Reuters. 26 September 2019. Retrieved 27 September 2019.
- "New Alitalia to Exit SkyTeam Transatlantic Joint Venture, Expand Long-Haul Fleet". AirlineGeeks.com. 5 May 2020. Retrieved 8 July 2020.
- "Alitalia, Conte: «Francesco Caio presidente della nuova società, ad Fabio Lazzerini». Flotta di oltre 100 aerei" [Alitalia, Conte: «Francesco Caio new Chairman of the company, Fabio Lazzerini CEO». Fleet of more than 100 planes]. ilmessaggero.it (in Italian). 29 June 2020. Retrieved 30 June 2020.<
- "Alitalia to enter bankruptcy proceedings – BBC News". BBC.com. 2 May 2017. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
- "Call to Express Interest in the Acquisition of Assets" (PDF). Extraordinary Commissioners. 1 August 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2019.
- "Atlantia to Become Alitalia's Majority Stakeholder". AirlineGeeks.com. 17 July 2019. Retrieved 16 August 2019.
- "Alitalia Reduces Losses By EUR381mn". AviationBusinessme.com. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
- "The Hub: Routes and Fleet for Alitalia". TravelCodex.com. 16 December 2017. Retrieved 18 August 2019.
- "Alitalia SAI S.p.A. in Amministrazione Straordinaria - Riferita al periodo dal 2 maggio 2017 al 31 dicembre 2017 (Report for the period from 2 May to 31 December 2017)" (PDF). Ministero dello Sviluppo Economico (in Italian). Retrieved 5 December 2019.
- "Alitalia's two years in administrative limbo". Flightglobal.com. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
- "Alitalia, Fs riapre la caccia al socio. Al tavolo Fincantieri e China Eastern". IlSole24ore.com (in Italian). Retrieved 17 August 2019.
- "Alitalia SAI S.p.A. in Amministrazione Straordinaria - Riferita al periodo 1 ottobre – 31 dicembre 2018 (Report for the period from 1 October to 31 December 2018)" (PDF). Ministero dello Sviluppo Economico (in Italian). Retrieved 5 December 2019.
- "Alitalia Board of Directors analyses the economic trend of the first six months. Positive results considering the critical international scenario" (PDF) (Press release). Alitalia. 29 July 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 December 2016. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- "Alitalia's Board of directors discussed on the management trend in 1Q10". Avionews. World Aeronautical Press Agency. 13 May 2010. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- "Alitalia: financial statements for the first half of 2010". Avionews. World Aeronautical Press Agency. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- "Alitalia: Andamento Gestionale 2010" (in Italian). AgenParl. 28 October 2010. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- "Il Consiglio di Amministrazione di Alitalia approva il progetto di bilancio 2010. Crescono passeggeri e ricavi. Risultato operativo a – 107 ml. € ( +167 ml. € Vs. 2009). Superato l'obiettivo di dimezzamento delle perdite operative" (PDF) (Press release) (in Italian). Alitalia. 25 February 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 October 2011. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- "Alitalia perde 89 milioni ricavi in crescita "in linea con obiettivi"" (in Italian). Repubblica.it. 10 May 2011. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- "Nel terzo trimestre ricavi in crescita del 12%, risultato netto positivo per 69 ml. € e risultato operativo positivo per 90 ml. €. nei primi 9 mesi dell'anno risultato operativo positivo per 21 ml. €" (Press release) (in Italian). Alitalia. 26 October 2011. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- "Alitalia,utile di 90 milioni nel terzo trimestre – ECONOMIA". Lettera43.it. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- 4-traders. "Alitalia – Compagnia Aerea Italiana S.p.A. : Midyear Report 2012. CEO Andrea Ragnetti SAYS: "The Worst is over, we are targeting a trend reversal in the second half of the year"". 4-traders.com. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- "Gruppo Alitalia: Risultati del terzo trimestre 2012" (Press release) (in Italian). Alitalia. 25 October 2012. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- "Alitalia's Board of Directors approves the group financial statement for 2012" (Press release). Alitalia. 25 February 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- "Alitalia Group: 2013 first quarter operating results" (Press release). Alitalia. 27 May 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- "Alitalia Group: Board of Directors" (Press release). Alitalia. 31 October 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- "Alitalia results Q1 2014".
- "Alitalia Headquarters" (Archive). AMDL. Retrieved on 31 August 2015.
- "Registered Office". Alitalia. Archived from the original on 3 February 2012. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
Piazza Almerico da Schio – Palazzina RPU 00054 Fiumicino (RM)
- "Alitalians Do it Better: The Italian Revival". airport-technology.com. 24 March 2011. Retrieved 29 January 2012.[unreliable source?]
- EDI. "Alitalia, Vola con te". Archived from the original on 24 December 2016. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- "Alitalia flights and customer reviews". Europelowcost. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- Alitalia. Alitalia, al lovoro per te. Archived from the original on 2 January 2010. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- Varisco, Giorgio (3 June 2012). Airbus A320-214 Alitalia ("Muoviamo chi muove l'Italia" livery) – Milano Linate. flickr. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- Alitalia (4 December 2013). Alitalia Scegli come volare. YouTube (in Italian). Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- "Alitalia (Home)". Alitalia. Archived from the original on 1 October 2012. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- "'Alitalians do it better' new motto. Etihad CEO presents slogan for Alitalia staff to wear" (in Italian). ansa.it. 12 September 2014.
- "EU to label Italian loan for Alitalia 'illegal'-source". Reuters. 6 June 2008. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
- "Labour minister fears the worst as Alitalia talks break down". The Guardian. Reuters. 12 September 2008. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
- Sisto, Alberto (1 December 2008). "Funds delay holds up Alitalia deal closure-source". Reuters. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
- Ball, Deborah; Michaels, Daniel (28 November 2001). "Struggling Alitalia Is Further Hit By Attacks, Economic Downturn". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- "Our members". Skyteam.com. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- "Alitalia joins transatlantic joint venture | Reuters". In.reuters.com. 5 July 2010. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- "Profile on Alitalia". CAPA. Centre for Aviation. Archived from the original on 30 October 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
- "Alitalia and Aerolineas Argentinas to Boost Commercial Agreement". Aviationtribune.com. 25 May 2017.
- "ANA and Alitalia in commercial pact". Flightglobal.com. 27 March 2018. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
- "2019-12-04 - Press Releases - Alitalia". corporate.alitalia.it. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
- Liu, Jim (23 November 2017). "Alitalia / Bulgaria Air expands codeshare partnership in W17". Routesonline.com. Retrieved 23 November 2017.
- "Alitalia / Hainan Airlines launches codeshare service from Jan 2017". Routesonline. Retrieved 22 May 2017.
- "Alitalia / InterJet plans codeshare partnership from late-May 2019". Routesonline. 22 May 2019. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
- "Alitalia / Kenya Airways resumes codeshare partnership from June 2019". Routesonline. 21 March 2019.
- "Alitalia and Pegasus Airlines enter into a codeshare agreement". Corporate.alitalia.it.
- "Alitalia and Royal Air Maroc enter into a codeshare agreement". Corporate.alitalia.it.
- "Alitalia and Royal Jordanian enter into a codeshare agreement". Payloadasia.com. 6 February 2017. Archived from the original on 6 February 2017. Retrieved 22 May 2017.
- Ltd. 2019, UBM (UK). "Alitalia resumes Uzbekistan Airways codeshare service from June 2017". Routesonline.
- Liu, Jim (22 July 2019). "Alitalia expands Uzbekistan Airways codeshare from late-July 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
- "Seat map: A319" (PDF). Alitalia. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
- "Seat map: A320" (PDF). Alitalia. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
- "Airbus A321". AZ Fleet. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
- "Seat map: A321" (PDF). Alitalia. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
- Berberi, Leonard (21 February 2020). "Alitalia taglia le rotte per Santiago e Seul: perdono 50 milioni di euro all'anno". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). Retrieved 22 February 2020.
- "Airbus A330". AZ Fleet. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
- "Seat map: A330" (PDF). Alitalia. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
- "Airbus A330". AZ Fleet. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
- "Alitalia Fleet".
- "Seat map: B777-200" (PDF). Alitalia. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
- "Boeing 777". AZ Fleet. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
- "Seat map: B777-300" (PDF). Alitalia. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
- "Flotta attuale". AZ Fleet. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
- Flotta Storica, azfleet.info
- "Italy: Alitalia's rich heritage".
- airlinehubbuzz.com – Alitalia 767s leave the fleet 26 October 2012
- "EI-DBP". Airliners.net. 31 May 2009. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- Gianluca Mantellini (24 July 2010). "EI-DSA". Airliners.net. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- Mirko Krogmann (17 July 2013). "EI-RND". Airliners.net. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- Giorgio Parolini (27 December 2013). "EI-DDH". Airliners.net. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- "Alitalia A321 EI-IXI being scrapped at Kemble 2015". www.flickr.com. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
- "EI-IXI". Airliners.net. 25 September 2013. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- "Alitalia (Jeep Renegade Livery), EI-DSW, Airbus A320-216 (27832499604).jpg". Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
- "Travel Classes". Alitalia. Archived from the original on 26 March 2016. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- "Business Class Long Haul". Alitalia. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- "Welcome on board the MilleMiglia program". Alitalia. Retrieved 30 January 2012.
- "Etihad Airways acquires majority stake in Alitalia's MilleMiglia frequent flyer program" (PDF) (Press release). Alitalia. 3 February 2015. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- "The MilleMiglia programme is 100% owned by Alitalia again". corporate.alitalia.it. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
- "Alitalia". Aviation Safety Database. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
- European Parliament (30 July 1998). "Subject: Air crash at Blagnac (France)". Retrieved 23 December 2016.
The seven victims included two Italian pilots working for Alitalia, Alberto Nassetti and Pier Paolo Racchetti, who were in Toulouse for a five-day commercial training programme at the headquarters of the French company.
- Hijacking description at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 23 December 2016.
- Accident description for I-LINE at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 23 December 2016.
- Accident description for I-LIZT at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 23 December 2016.
- Accident description for I-DUVO at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 23 December 2016.
- Accident description for I-DIWD at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 23 December 2016.
- Accident description for I-LAKE at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 23 December 2016.
- Accident description for I-DIWF at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 23 December 2016.
- Accident description for I-DIWB at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 23 December 2016.
- Accident description for I-DIKQ at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 23 December 2016.
- Accident description for I-ATJA at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 23 December 2016.
- Hradecky, Simon (24 April 2011). "Accident: Alitalia A321 enroute on Apr 24th 2011, attempted hijack". Aviation Herald. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
- "Aviation Safety Network". Retrieved 9 July 2019.
- Accident description for EI-EIB at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 24 December 2016.
- "Alitalia A320 at Rome on Sep 29th 2013". The Aviation Herald. Retrieved 27 January 2020.