Achille Leone Occhetto
|General Secretary of the |
Italian Communist Party
10 June 1988 – 3 January 1991
|Preceded by||Alessandro Natta|
|Succeeded by||Position abolished|
|Secretary of the |
Democratic Party of the Left
8 February 1991 – 14 June 1994
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Massimo D'Alema|
|Member of the Chamber of Deputies|
5 July 1976 – 29 May 2001
|Member of the Senate of the Republic|
30 May 2001 – 27 April 2006
|Born||3 March 1936|
|Political party||SI (Since 2017)|
|Spouse(s)||Elisa Kadigia Bove|
Achille Leone Occhetto (Italian pronunciation: [aˈkille okˈketto]; born 3 March 1936), is an Italian political figure. He served as the last secretary-general of the Italian Communist Party (PCI) between 1988 and 1991, and the first leader of the Democratic Party of the Left (PDS), the parliamentary socialist successor of the PCI, from 1991 to 1994.
He served as secretary of the Italian Communist Youth Federation (to which he had belonged starting from 1953) from 1963 to 1966 and, subsequently, as regional secretary of the Italian Communist Party in Sicily, distinguishing himself for his war against any kind of mafia.
He was appointed in 1986 as national coordinator of the PCI and became its secretary in 1988, succeeding Alessandro Natta. Under his leadership, the party witnessed the collapse of both the Berlin wall and the communist regime in the Soviet Union. He responded by declaring the communist experience over, and persuaded the PCI to dissolve and refound itself as a democratic socialist party, the Democratic Party of the Left (PDS).
This political shift (known in Italian politics as the Svolta della Bolognina) was accepted by approximately 70% of the members at the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party (8 February 1991).
He returned to politics in the 2004 European elections, being elected to the European Parliament on a joint ticket with anti-corruption campaigner Antonio Di Pietro, but he immediately resigned and was replaced by Giulietto Chiesa. After the 2006 General election, he returned to the European Parliament by taking up one of the seats vacated by an elected Deputy, and sits as an Independent member of the Party of European Socialists group.
In 2009, he joined the new left-wing formation Left Ecology Freedom.
He is an atheist.
- Biography|Achille Occhetto Archived 2014-08-12 at the Wayback Machine (in Italian)
- The name derives from the celebration of a partisan battle in World War II, during which he announced that the Communist Party could change name.
- Maria Latella, "Occhetto: pecca chi vota i vecchi DC", Il Corriere della Sera, 28 January 1994, p. 2.