Dr Abdulai Osman Conteh (born 5 August 1945) is a lawyer and politician from Sierra Leone.
Early life and education
Dr. Abdulai Osman Conteh was born on 5 August 1945 in Pepel, Port Loko District, British Sierra Leone. Raised mostly in Freetown, he attended the Albert Academy and later Fourah Bay College before travelling to the UK for further studies. Dr. Conteh has the following educational qualifications: Ph.D, (International Law), 1974, King's College, Cambridge; LLB (Hons): 1971, King's College, Cambridge; LLM: 1971, London University, United Kingdom; LLB (Hons): 1969, King's College London; Barrister at Law: Called to the Bar of England and Wales, 1970, at Lincoln’s Inn, London, United Kingdom; Harold Porter Prize man In Land Law, 1968. He returned home in the early 70s and worked for the SL Law Officers Department. Dr. Conteh later went into private practice and taught Law at Fourah Bay College for several years.
He is from the Susu people of Kambia, Sierra Leone, and was part of the All Peoples Congress (APC) party.
Dr. Conteh is married to Radia Labi Conteh and they have 6 children.
Political career in Sierra Leone
Conteh's public service in Sierra Leone has included holding the offices of Minister of Foreign Affairs (1977–1984); Minister of Finance (1984–1985); Attorney-General and Minister of Justice (1987–1991) and First Vice-President and Minister of Rural Development (1991–1992). He served as a member of Parliament from Kambia District (his paternal home district) from 1977 to 1992.
Chief Justice of Belize (2000–2010)
In 2007 and 2010, Conteh authored two decisions affirming the common law doctrine of aboriginal title and the existence of Maya customary land tenure in the Toledo District of Belize. Only the villages of Conejo and Santa Cruz were parties to the 2008 ruling; however, the 2010 ruling was the result of a representative action on behalf of all the Maya communities. The ruling voided all government leases, concessions, grants, and contracts adverse to the Maya tenure. The "landmark victory" is predicted to have "far-reaching implications" for "logging, mining, and petroleum concessions in what the Maya community claims is over 500,000 acres of ancestral homeland." The government appealed the decision to the Caribbean Court of Justice, where on the eve of the hearing it conceded all of Justice Conteh's original holdings. The CCJ later awarded the Maya damages for violation of their constitutional right to have their property legally protected.
Conteh turned 65 on 5 August 2010, forcing him to retire since his contract was not renewed by Prime Minister Dean Barrow. Barrow's decision not to offer Conteh a renewal was condemned by the Belize Bar Association in a resolution criticising the "unseemly manner in which the tenure of the chief justice has been treated by the government of Belize." His retirement became a "national political issue because the Chief Justice is popular with the masses of the Belizean people, and is regarded by many as fair-minded and fearless. Several of his landmark rulings particularly on constitutional issues are considered "anti-government" and "anti-establishment," and many were made even under the former Musa administration."
Other Judicial Appointments
In December 2008, Dr. Conteh was appointed as a Justice of the Court of Appeal of the Cayman Islands. In 2010, he was appointed to the Court of Appeal of the Bahamas, where he served until November, 2015.
- "Secretary General of the AU ; Sierra Leone's Dr.Abdulai Conteh nominated" Archived 17 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine, Cocorioko, 13 November 2007.
- "Les réactions à l’élection de Jean Ping comme président de la Commission de l’UA", Panapress (afrik.com), 1 February 2008 (in French).
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 October 2005. Retrieved 21 October 2005.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Belize Supreme Court
- IPIR. 30 June 2010. "Supreme Court Affirms Maya Customary Rights For All Maya Communities In Southern Belize Archived 6 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine."
- Supreme Court Claims 171 & 172 of 2007, http://www.belizelaw.org/web/supreme_court/judgements/2007/Claims%20Nos.%20171%20and%20172%20of%202007%20(Consolidated)%20re%20Maya%20land%20rights.pdf
- Supreme Court Claim 366 of 2008, http://www.belizelaw.org/web/supreme_court/judgements/CJ%20Jugments/Claim%20No.%20366%20of%202008%20-%20The%20Maya%20Leaders%20Alliance%20and%20the%20Toledo%20Alcaldes%20et%20al%20and%20The%20Attorney%20General%20of%20Belize%20et%20al%20and%20Francis%20Johnston%20et%20al.pdf
- Belize News. 29 June 2010. "CJ rules for Maya; implications “huge”."
- Judgement,CCJ Appeal No BZCV2014/002, http://www.caribbeancourtofjustice.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/2015-CCJ-15AJ.pdf
- Oscar Ramjeet. 19 July 2010. "Controversy over retirement of Belize's chief justice Archived 24 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine."
- Belize News. 17 June 2010. "Belize Bar Association Questions Retirement of Chief Justice Archived 7 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine."
- Glenn Tillett. 30 March 2010. "Barrow Hacks Belize’s Justice System? …determined to remove Chief Justice Conteh Archived 14 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine."
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 10 October 2009. Retrieved 25 January 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)