45th G7 summit

United States Canada Emmanuel Macron
45th G7 summit
G7 Biarritz 2019.svg
-G7Biarritz (48622479968).jpg
Host countryFrance
Date24–26 August 2019
Venue(s)Biarritz, Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Participants Canada
 United Kingdom
 United States
 European Union
Follows44th G7 summit
Precedes46th G7 summit

The 45th G7 summit was held on 24–26 August 2019, in Biarritz, France.[1][2] In March 2014, the G7 declared that a meaningful discussion was currently not possible with Russia in the context of the G8. Since then, meetings have continued within the G7 process. However, according to a senior administration official, Donald Trump and Emmanuel Macron had agreed that Russia should be invited to the next G7 Summit to be held in 2020.[3]

Concluding communique

Five points were agreed at the issue of the summit, about:[4]

Final press conference

In the final press conference, UK Prime Minister Johnson said "Iran should never be allowed to get a nuclear weapon",[8] and US President Trump spoke about Iran in a joint news conference with French President Macron.[9] Whereas the European powers sought to appease Iran, Trump said in apparent reference to combative rhetoric by the Iranian government about its ability to attack US interests:[8]

They can't do what they were saying they were going to do because if they do that, they will be met with really very violent force.


France, as the host of the 2019 G7 summit, held it at the Hôtel du Palais in Biarritz.[10]

Leaders at the summit

Attendees included leaders of the G7 member states plus representatives of the European Union. The President of the European Commission has been a permanently participant at all meetings since 1981, but current President Jean-Claude Juncker did not attend due to medical problems.[11] The President of the European Council has been the EU's co-representative since the 36th G8 summit hosted by Canada in 2010.

The 45th G7 summit was the first summit for British Prime Minister Boris Johnson. It was also the last summit for Council President Donald Tusk.

For this summit, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzō Abe had prepared to discuss about the situation in Hong Kong, where China is imposing a new security law.[12]

The President of France, Emmanuel Macron, invited the Prime Minister of Australia Scott Morrison, the Prime Minister of Spain Pedro Sánchez, and the Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi to attend the outreach session of the summit as special invitees.


Core G7 members
Host state and leader are shown in bold text.
Member Represented by Title
Canada Canada Justin Trudeau Prime Minister
France France Emmanuel Macron President
Germany Germany Angela Merkel Chancellor
Italy Italy Giuseppe Conte Prime Minister
Japan Japan Shinzō Abe Prime Minister
United Kingdom United Kingdom Boris Johnson Prime Minister
United States United States Donald Trump President
European Union European Union Donald Tusk Council President
Guest Invitees (Countries)
Country Represented by Title
Australia Australia Scott Morrison Prime Minister
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso Roch Marc Christian Kaboré President
Chile Chile Sebastián Piñera President
Egypt Egypt Abdel Fattah el-Sisi President
India India Narendra Modi Prime Minister
Rwanda Rwanda Paul Kagame President
Senegal Senegal Macky Sall President
South Africa South Africa Cyril Ramaphosa President
Spain Spain Pedro Sánchez Acting President of the Government

Gallery of participating leaders

Invited guests

Presidents and Heads of government

The following leaders were invited to the Outreach Session of the G7 Summit.

Heads of international organisations


Making-of G7 'family photo', Hôtel du Palais, Biarritz and some photographs

The Prime Ministers of Italy and Spain, Conte and Sanchez, are taking part in the summit as caretaker Prime Ministers. Jean-Claude Juncker of the European Commission did not attend due to bad health.[11]

In a surprise move, Emmanuel Macron invited to attend on the margins Javad Zarif, who flew in on an Iranian government plane. Macron, who "attempted a high-risk diplomatic gambit", thought that the Foreign Minister of Iran might be able to defuse the tense situation over the Iranian nuclear programme in spite of the recent uptick in tensions between the Islamic Republic and the United States and Britain. A highly-placed French political source said that[13]

It doesn’t mean that Mr Trump is actively supporting the talks, only that he is allowing them to happen. If there are advances, he can welcome them and perhaps share the credit. If nothing comes of it, he won’t have to disown it because it was a French initiative. If it does succeed in reducing tension, it will be a huge diplomatic coup for Mr Macron.


Working session, August 25

Topics discussed included global trade, global warming, and taxing technology companies.[14] European Council President Donald Tusk said leaders at the summit should discuss the Iran nuclear deal, which was at risk due to the U.S. government's decision to pull out.[15]

On August 23, President Emmanuel Macron urged the G7 to lead the summit discussions with the 2019 Amazon wildfires, which he described as an "international crisis". He said, "Our house is burning. Literally.", adding that the Amazon rainforest produces 20% of the world's oxygen.[16] U.S. President Donald Trump offered to take the position of the Brazilian government to the meeting, and said that the U.S. government did not agree to discuss the issue without Brazil's presence. The United Kingdom, Italy, Japan, Spain and Chile also support Brazil.[17][18] During the meeting, it was reported that there were "sharp differences" among the participants.[19]

Protests and counter-summit

More than 13000 policemen are required for security.[20][21] The French government wishes to avoid anti-globalization movements. The protesters of the Summit had several motivations, such as anti extractivism and anti-globalization. Protesters included human rights groups and climate change activists.[22][23]

A number of small French and Basque organizations joined to organize a "Contre G7" summit,[24][25] over the same days as the G7, in the south of the French Basque country.[26]


  1. ^ "France's action at the g20 and the G7". diplomatie.gouv.fr. Retrieved June 9, 2018. France will preside over the G7 in 2019
  2. ^ "Trump trade fury torpedoes Canada's G7 summit". France 24. June 9, 2018.
  3. ^ CNN. "Trump and Macron agree that Russia should be invited to next year's G7 conference, senior admin official says". CNN.
  4. ^ "US President Donald Trump says he believes China sincerely seeks a trade deal". South China Morning Post. 26 August 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d "News Analysis: G7 summit declaration cannot conceal deep U.S.-EU rift". xinhuanet. 27 August 2019.
  6. ^ "Biarritz G7 summit non-binding declaration on Libya calls for truce, political solution and conference". Libya Herald. 27 August 2019.
  7. ^ "G7 leaders back HK autonomy, urge calm". rthk.hk. 27 August 2019.
  8. ^ a b "Trump open to talks with Iran but maintains possibility of using 'very violent force'". CBC. 26 August 2019.
  9. ^ "Here's Why Trump and Rouhani Have Little Incentive to Meet". Yahoo. Bloomberg. 27 August 2019.
  10. ^ Kettle, Martin (August 24, 2019). "How luxury hotels such as Biarritz's Hôtel du Palais have helped shape history" – via www.theguardian.com.
  11. ^ a b de La Baume, Maïa (19 August 2019). "Jean-Claude Juncker to miss G7 after emergency surgery". politico.eu.
  12. ^ Kim, Kyung (June 10, 2019). "Japan wants to take lead for G7 statement on Hong Kong: Abe". Reuters. Retrieved August 4, 2020.
  13. ^ "Iranian foreign minister Javad Zarif arrives in Biarritz in surprise visit to G7 leaders summit". Telegraph Media Group Limited. 25 August 2019.
  14. ^ "Trump Arrives in Biarritz for Testing G7 Summit". August 24, 2019.
  15. ^ "G7 Summit to Be 'a Difficult Test of Unity': EU's Tusk". August 24, 2019.
  16. ^ Phillips, Tom; correspondent, Latin America (August 23, 2019). "Amazon rainforest fires: Macron calls for 'international crisis' to lead G7 discussions". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  17. ^ "Trump levará posição brasileira ao G7" (in Portuguese). O Globo. 23 August 2019.
  18. ^ "Bolsonaro conversa com premiê espanhol e primeiro-ministro do Japão" (in Portuguese). Estadão. 23 August 2019.
  19. ^ "Squabbles erupt as G7 leaders open summit in French resort". August 25, 2019 – via uk.reuters.com.
  20. ^ Chrisafis, Angelique (August 24, 2019). "Biarritz in lockdown as G7 summit descends on French resort" – via www.theguardian.com.
  21. ^ "Pour le sommet du G7 de Biarritz, 13 200 policiers et gendarmes mobilisés". August 20, 2019 – via Le Monde.
  22. ^ "who-s-protesting-at-the-g7-and-why". CBC.
  23. ^ Chrisafis, Angelique (2019-08-25). "French climate activists protest as Macron attends G7 summit". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-08-25.
  24. ^ "Qui sommes nous".
  25. ^ "SARRERA".
  26. ^ "Page d'accueil". Archived from the original on 2019-08-24. Retrieved 2019-08-24.