44th G7 summit

European Union President of the European Commission Justin Trudeau

44th G7 summit
Host countryCanada
Date8–9 June 2018
Venue(s)Fairmont Le Manoir Richelieu, La Malbaie, Quebec, Canada
Participants Canada
 United Kingdom
 United States
 European Union
Follows43rd G7 summit
Precedes45th G7 summit

The 44th G7 summit was held on 8–9 June 2018, in La Malbaie, Quebec, Canada.[1] This was the sixth time since 1981 that Canada has hosted the meetings.[2]

In March 2014, the Group of Seven (G7)—comprising leaders of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States—declared that a meaningful discussion was currently not possible with Russia in the context of the G8.[3] Since then, meetings have continued within the G7 process. On the first day of the summit, the United States announced that it would push for the reinstatement of Russia. Italy also requested a restoration of the G8 shortly after.[4][5] President Trump also pushed for other countries to recognize Crimea as part of Russia, and stated that Ukraine was “one of the most corrupt countries in the world” to G7 leaders.[6]

The summit received much attention due to a significant decline of relations of members with the United States.[7] As a result, the summit was dubbed the “G6+1" by France and some members of the media, signifying the "isolation of the United States” in light of recent events.[7][8][9]


The Fairmont Le Manoir Richelieu in La Malbaie, Quebec, Canada, was chosen as the host of the G7 summit, in part due to its natural beauty and security. It is the first G7 summit to be hosted by Quebec since 1981.[10] La Malbaie, once a resort town that hosted American presidents, required US$465 million in preparations, including new high-speed internet service, new cellphone towers, and security fences. Kelowna, British Columbia, was also considered as a potential host.[11]

Agenda and preparation

In May 2017, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau stated that he intended to “showcase both its domestic and international priorities: to strengthen the middle class, advance gender equality, fight climate change, and promote respect for diversity and inclusion”.[1]

In June 2017, Peter Boehm was appointed as Deputy Minister for the G7 Summit and Personal Representative of the Prime Minister [12] after serving as the Canadian G7 Sherpa since 2012.[13]

In December 2017, Trudeau unveiled the summit logo and announced five key themes that Canada would advance once it assumed the Presidency of the G7 on 1 January 2018.[14]

Economic growth

The notion of ”economic growth that works for everyone” or “equitable growth”, known as 'Croissance Équitable' in French,[15] is rooted in the papal encyclical Rerum Novarum which has had a profound influence on the economic thought of French and Quebecois policy makers—including Pierre Elliott Trudeau and other alumni of the Université de Montréal.[16]

It holds that governments and institutional investors must always have in mind the best interests of employees when making investment decisions—including decent wages and pension benefits. Engaged employee-nominated pension board members are expected to contribute to the development of the equitable investment ethos that will drive this economic approach.[17]

Gender equality

Canadian and French thought leaders have stressed the need to achieve gender equality across all economic sectors by using modern, quantitative managerial tools that can help more precisely measure gender pay gaps and thus inform corrective policy measures at both the corporate and government level. Meeting in Paris, Montreal and Toronto in the weeks leading up to the Charlevoix summit, Canadian and European asset owners and policy makers agreed on the need to step up and assume more responsibility for the advancement of women's rights and other “related social parameters” across all assets classes.[15][18]

In that perspective, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau is expected to announce a distinct G7 sustainability initiative focusing specifically on gender diversity across global capital markets—for which "the Canada Pension Plan, OMERS, the Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec and the Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan are each expected to pitch in [initially] $1 million apiece, with another $5 million from the federal government."[19]

Melinda Gates and Isabelle Hudon served as co-chairs of the Gender Equality Advisory Council created by the Trudeau government for the G7 summit.[20]

Climate change, oceans and clean energy

World Pensions Council (WPC) economist Nicolas J. Firzli has argued that, in spite of the United States withdrawal from the Paris Agreement, the G7-driven process of international consensus-building could still be tilted in favor of renewed cooperation towards the attainment of the Sustainable Development Goals—thanks notably to Justin Trudeau's multilateralist approach[21] and the rapid shift towards ESG-informed investment policies amongst US and Canadian institutional investors.[18]

Declarations issued

The "Charlevoix Commitment on Defending Democracy from Foreign Threats" was one of eight declarations—also known as statements of commitment—issued by the G7 leaders on June 9, 2018.[22] Charlevoix Commitment states that "foreign actors seek to undermine our democratic societies and institutions, our electoral processes, our sovereignty and our security. These malicious, multi-faceted and ever-evolving tactics constitute a serious strategic threat which we commit to confront together, working together with other governments that share our democratic values." The Charlevoix Summit resolved to establish a G7 Rapid Response Mechanism "to strengthen our coordination to identify and respond to diverse and evolving threats to our democracies, including through sharing information and analysis, and identifying opportunities for coordinated response."[22]

Leaders at the summit

Group photo of the G7 leaders, 8 June 2018
Working session on 8 June

The attendees included the leaders of the seven G7 member states as well as representatives of the European Union. The President of the European Commission has been a permanently welcome participant at all meetings and decision-making since 1981.

The 44th G7 summit was the first summit for Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte. It was also the last summit for British Prime Minister Theresa May and Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker.


Core G7 members
Host state and leader are shown in bold text.
Member Represented by Title
Canada Canada Justin Trudeau Prime Minister
France France Emmanuel Macron President
Germany Germany Angela Merkel Chancellor
Italy Italy Giuseppe Conte Prime Minister
Japan Japan Shinzō Abe Prime Minister
United Kingdom United Kingdom Theresa May Prime Minister
United States United States Donald Trump President
European Union European Union Jean-Claude Juncker Commission President
Donald Tusk Council President
Guest Invitees (Countries)
Member Represented by Title
Argentina Argentina Mauricio Macri President
Bangladesh Bangladesh Sheikh Hasina Prime Minister
Haiti Haiti Jovenel Moïse President
Jamaica Jamaica Andrew Holness Prime Minister
Kenya Kenya Uhuru Kenyatta President
Marshall Islands Marshall Islands Hilda Heine President
Norway Norway Erna Solberg Prime Minister
Rwanda Rwanda Paul Kagame President
Senegal Senegal Macky Sall President
Seychelles Seychelles Danny Faure President
South Africa South Africa Cyril Ramaphosa President
Vietnam Vietnam Nguyễn Xuân Phúc Prime Minister

Gallery of participating leaders

Invited guests

Heads of government

The following leaders were invited to the Outreach Session of the G7 Summit.[23]

Heads of international organizations

The following heads of international organizations were invited to the Outreach Session of the G7 Summit.[23]

Dispute with Donald Trump

Negotiations with Trump and G7 leaders


The summit was dubbed the “G6+1” by the Government of France and political commentators.[8][9] This resulted from the United States withdrawing from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action and from the Paris Agreement, American tariffs, and trade-related disputes between Trump and French President Emmanuel Macron and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau.[4]

Comments by Donald Trump to Shinzo Abe

President Trump insulted Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.[24] He stated he would send 25 million ethnic Mexicans to Japan, saying that “you don't have this problem, but I can send you 25 million Mexicans and you'll be out of office very soon”.[25]

Comments by Donald Trump on Justin Trudeau

Trump left the summit early in order to travel to Singapore for the United States' first summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un. On 9 June 2018, he tweeted that he had instructed the representatives of the United States not to endorse the communique and criticized Justin Trudeau's statements at a news conference following the meeting, calling him “meek and mild” and “dishonest and weak”.[26][27]

Comments by Peter Navarro

Trump Advisor Peter Navarro spoke harshly negative words about Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, saying that there is "a special place in Hell" for Justin Trudeau.[28] He later apologized for the language, but stood behind his statement.[28][29]


The response of the United States at the G7 received condemnation from foreign policy experts, political scientists, and former diplomats.[24][30]

Foreign policy expert Ian Bremmer called the summit the “geopolitical equivalent of the Comey firing” and that it will “really damage...important long-term relationship[s]”.[31]

Political scientist Brian Klaas stated that “By attacking allies while championing Russia, Trump made the G-7 summit a disaster—but he fulfilled Vladimir Putin's biggest fantasy. An absolute disgrace”.[32]

Former United States Deputy Secretary of State Strobe Talbott wrote that Donald Trump is “the democratic world's worst nightmare. He has crippled NATO, the North Atlantic community, the European Union and now the G-7. In Putin's zero-sum worldview, that is a dream come true”.[33]


  1. ^ a b "Canada to host 2018 G7 Summit in Charlevoix, Quebec". pm.gc.ca. Prime Minister of Canada. 27 May 2017. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
  2. ^ "Canada to host 2018 meeting of G7 leaders in Charlevoix, Quebec". Toronto Star. 25 May 2017. Retrieved 29 May 2017.
  3. ^ "Leaders plan Brussels G7 in June instead of G8 in Sochi". Irish Independent. 24 March 2014. Retrieved 29 May 2017..
  4. ^ a b "Trump Calls for Russia to Be Readmitted to G-7". The New York Times. 8 June 2018. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 8 June 2018.
  5. ^ Herszenhorn, David (8 June 2018). "New Italian leader backs Trump on Russia rejoining G-7". Politico. Retrieved 8 June 2018.
  6. ^ Loffe, Julia; Nardelli, Alberto (14 June 2018). "Trump Told G7 Leaders That Crimea Is Russian Because Everyone Speaks Russian In Crimea". Buzzfeed. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
  7. ^ a b Erlam, Craig (8 June 2018). "Risk Aversion Seen Ahead of Hostile G6+1 Summit". FXStreet. Retrieved 8 June 2018. The G7 meeting has become more like a G6+1, with Trump choosing to isolate the US on a number of issues from trade to Iran and climate change.
  8. ^ a b Allen, Jonathan (8 June 2018). "Welcome to the G6+1: Trump reps an isolated America at the G-7 summit". NBC News. Retrieved 8 June 2018. The G-7 this year looks more like a G6+1. That's how French Foreign Minister Bruno Le Maire recently described America's increasingly isolated position as the Group of Seven nations — the U.S., Britain, France, Japan, Germany, Italy and Canada — start a two-day meeting in Charlevoix, Canada, Friday.
  9. ^ a b Kottasová, Ivana (8 June 2018). "G7 summit angst; ZTE deal; IMF in Argentina". CNN. Retrieved 8 June 2018. Diplomatic tensions and an escalating trade war mean that President Donald Trump can expect a chilly reception at the summit, which some have dubbed the G6+1.
  10. ^ "PM prepares Charlevoix for next year's G7 summit". CTV Montreal. 8 June 2017. Retrieved 8 June 2018.
  11. ^ Lavoie, Jasmin; Bilefsky, Dan (7 June 2018). "A Quebec Resort Town Hopes the Group of 7 Will Revive a Glorious Past". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 June 2018.
  12. ^ "The Prime Minister announces changes in the senior ranks of the Public Service". pm.gc.ca. Office of the Prime Minister. 23 June 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2017.
  13. ^ "Peter Boehm". pm.gc.ca. 23 June 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2017.
  14. ^ "Prime Minister unveils themes for Canada's 2018 G7 Presidency". pm.gc.ca. Office of the Prime Minister. 14 December 2017.
  15. ^ a b SFAF, . (6 April 2018). "7e Forum Mondial des Fonds de Pension : Croissance Équitable et Financement". Revue Analyse Financière. Société Française des Analystes Financiers. Retrieved 2 June 2018.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
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  17. ^ The World Pensions Council, . (5 April 2017). "6th World Pensions Forum: Greening, Governance and Asset Ownership" (PDF). Revue Analyse Financière. SFAF. Retrieved 7 June 2018.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  18. ^ a b Firzli, Nicolas (3 April 2018). "Greening, Governance and Growth in the Age of Popular Empowerment". FT Pensions Experts. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
  19. ^ Smith, Marie-Danielle (28 May 2018). "Canadian government to announce G7 sustainability initiative with focus on gender diversity in global capital markets". National Post. NP. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  20. ^ Wells, Jennifer (22 May 2018). "Melinda Gates may be just the person to help push for gender equality at the G7". Toronto Star.
  21. ^ Firzli, Nicolas (15 January 2018). "The New Geopolitics of Globalization and the Road to Charlevoix". Revue Analyse Financière. SFAF. SSRN 3187450.
  22. ^ a b Charlevoix commitment on defending democracy from foreign threats (PDF) (Report). Charlevoix, Quebec: Group of 7. 9 June 2018. p. 2.
  23. ^ a b "World leaders coming together at the G7 Summit to protect our oceans, seas and coastal communities" (Press release). PMO. 1 June 2018.
  24. ^ a b Parker, Emre; Vieira, Paul; Pop, Valentine (15 June 2018). "Behind the Scenes at G-7 Meetings, Allies Dismayed by Trump's Jabs". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
  25. ^ Fredericks, Bob (15 June 2018). "Trump told Shinzo Abe he'd ship 25 million Mexicans to Japan". New York Post. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
  26. ^ Howarth, Angus (10 June 2018). "Donald Trump rejects G7 communique as he brands Justin Trudeau 'weak'". The Scotsman. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  27. ^ @realDonaldTrump (9 June 2018). "PM Justin Trudeau of Canada acted so meek and mild during our @G7 meetings only to give a news conference after I left saying that, "US Tariffs were kind of insulting" and he "will not be pushed around." Very dishonest & weak. Our Tariffs are in response to his of 270% on dairy!" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 9 June 2018 – via Twitter.
  28. ^ a b Solomon, Deborah (11 June 2018). "Who is Peter Navarro?". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  29. ^ Borchers, Callum (12 June 2018). "White House to Justin Trudeau: Sorry, Not Sorry". The Washington Post. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
  30. ^ Baker, Peter; Shear, Michael (9 June 2018). "Trump's Blasts Upend G-7, Alienating Oldest Allies". The New York Times. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
  31. ^ Morgan, David (11 June 2018). "Analyst: Trump's G-7 performance was 'geopolitical equivalent of the Comey firing'". CBS News. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
  32. ^ Klaas, Brian (10 June 2018). "On Donald Trump and the G7". Retrieved 13 June 2018 – via Twitter.
  33. ^ Talbott, Strobe (11 June 2018). "Trump Just Blew Up The G7. Now What?". Brookings Institution. Retrieved 13 June 2018.