37th Canadian Parliament

Liberal Party of Canada Bloc Québécois Progressive Conservative Party of Canada
37th Parliament of Canada
Majority parliament
January 29, 2001 (2001-01-29) – May 23, 2004 (2004-05-23)
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Parliament leaders

Rt. Hon. Jean Chrétien
(26th Canadian Ministry)
November 4, 1993 (1993-11-04) – December 12, 2003 (2003-12-12)
Rt. Hon. Paul Martin
(27th Canadian Ministry)
December 12, 2003 (2003-12-12) – February 6, 2006 (2006-02-06)
Leader of the
Hon. Stockwell Day
September 11, 2000 (2000-09-11) – December 11, 2001 (2001-12-11)
Hon. John Reynolds (acting)
December 12, 2001 (2001-12-12) – May 20, 2002 (2002-05-20)
Hon. Stephen Harper
May 21, 2002 (2002-05-21) – January 8, 2004 (2004-01-08)
Hon. Grant Hill (acting until February 1, 2004)
January 9, 2004 (2004-01-09) – March 19, 2004 (2004-03-19)
Hon. Stephen Harper
March 20, 2004 (2004-03-20) – February 6, 2006 (2006-02-06)
Party caucuses
GovernmentLiberal Party
OppositionCanadian Alliance*
Third partiesBloc Québécois
New Democratic Party
Progressive Conservative*
UnrecognizedDemocratic Representative Caucus*
* Parties merged partway through the Parliament to create the Conservative Party of Canada. Some members retained the designation of Progressive Conservative in the Senate.
House of Commons
Seating arrangements of the House of Commons
Speaker of the
Hon. Peter Milliken
January 29, 2001 (2001-01-29) – June 2, 2011 (2011-06-02)
Members301 seats MP seats
List of members
Senators105 seats senator seats
List of senators
1st Session
January 29, 2001 (2001-01-29) – September 16, 2002 (2002-09-16)
2nd Session
September 30, 2002 (2002-09-30) – November 12, 2003 (2003-11-12)
3rd Session
February 2, 2004 (2004-02-02) – May 23, 2004 (2004-05-23)
<36th 38th>
Jean Chrétien was Prime Minister during most of the 37th Canadian Parliament.

The 37th Canadian Parliament was in session from January 29, 2001, until May 23, 2004. The membership was set by the 2000 federal election on November 27, 2000, and it changed only somewhat due to resignations and by-elections until it was dissolved prior to the 2004 election.

It was controlled by a Liberal Party majority, led first by Prime Minister Jean Chrétien and the 26th Canadian Ministry, and then by Prime Minister Paul Martin and the 27th Canadian Ministry. The Official Opposition was formed by first the Canadian Alliance, led by Stockwell Day and then by Stephen Harper, and then by its successor party, the Conservative Party, also led by Harper.

The Speaker was Peter Milliken. See also list of Canadian electoral districts 1996-2003 for a list of the ridings in this parliament.

There were three sessions of the 37th Parliament:

Session Start End
1st January 29, 2001 September 16, 2002
2nd September 30, 2002 November 12, 2003
3rd February 2, 2004 May 23, 2004

Party standings

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The party standings as of the election and as of dissolution were as follows:

Affiliation House Members Senate Members
2000 Election
At Dissolution On Election
Day 2000[1]
At Dissolution
Liberal 172 168 55 65
Alliance 66 N/A 1 N/A
  Bloc Québécois 38 33 0 0
New Democratic 13 14 0 0
Progressive Conservative 12 N/A 35 N/A
  Conservative Party of Canada N/A 72 N/A 24
     Independent 0 10 5 5
Senate Progressive Conservative Caucus N/A 0 N/A 3
Total members 301 297 96 97
Vacant 0 4 9 8
Total seats 301 105

In 2001, 13 MPs opposed to the leadership of Stockwell Day left the Canadian Alliance and formed the Democratic Representative Caucus. Chuck Strahl was chosen leader of the caucus, which subsequently entered into a coalition agreement with the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada. In 2002, after Day had lost the leadership of his party to Stephen Harper, all but one DRC MP rejoined the Canadian Alliance.


Important bills of the 37th parliament include:


For full lists of members of the 37th Parliament of Canada, see List of House members of the 37th Parliament of Canada and List of senators in the 37th Parliament of Canada.


By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Lévis-et-Chutes-de-la-Chaudière June 16, 2003 Antoine Dubé      Bloc Québécois Christian Jobin      Liberal Resigned to enter provincial politics No
Témiscamingue June 16, 2003 Pierre Brien      Bloc Québécois Gilbert Barrette      Liberal Resigned to enter provincial politics No
Perth—Middlesex May 21, 2003 John Richardson      Liberal Gary Schellenberger      Progressive Conservative Resigned No
Berthier—Montcalm December 9, 2002 Michel Bellehumeur      Bloc Québécois Roger Gaudet      Bloc Québécois Resigned Yes
Lac-Saint-Jean—Saguenay December 9, 2002 Stéphan Tremblay      Bloc Québécois Sébastien Gagnon      Bloc Québécois Resigned to enter provincial politics Yes
Calgary Southwest May 13, 2002 Preston Manning      Canadian Alliance Stephen Harper      Canadian Alliance Resigned Yes
Saint Boniface May 13, 2002 Ron Duhamel      Liberal Raymond Simard      Liberal Appointed to the Senate Yes
Bonavista—Trinity—Conception May 13, 2002 Brian Tobin      Liberal John Efford      Liberal Resigned Yes
Gander—Grand Falls May 13, 2002 George Baker      Liberal Rex Barnes      Progressive Conservative Appointed to the Senate No
Windsor West May 13, 2002 Herb Gray      Liberal Brian Masse      New Democratic Resigned to accept appointment as Chair of the Canadian Section of the International Joint Commission No
Saint-Léonard—Saint-Michel May 13, 2002 Alfonso Gagliano      Liberal Massimo Pacetti      Liberal Resigned to accept appointment as Ambassador to Denmark Yes
Verdun—Saint-Henri—Saint-Paul—Pointe Saint-Charles May 13, 2002 Raymond Lavigne      Liberal Liza Frulla      Liberal Appointed to the Senate Yes


  1. ^ Members of the Canadian Senate are appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the Prime Minister and remain as Senators until the age of 75, even if the House of Commons has been dissolved or an election has been called.