2004 Botswana general election

Botswana Democratic Party Botswana National Front 2009 Botswana general election
2004 Botswana general election

← 1999 30 October 2004 (2004-10-30) 2009 →

57 of the 63 seats to the National Assembly
  First party Second party Third party
  Festus Mogae 2009-06-23.jpg
Leader Festus Mogae Otsweletse Moupo Otlaadisa Koosaletse
Leader since 1 April 1998 2001
Leader's seat not running Selibe Phikwe West Lobatse
Last election 33 seats, 57.15% 6 seats, 25.95% 1 seats, 11.90%
Seats won 44 12 1
Seat change Increase 11 Increase 6 Steady 0
Popular vote 213,308 107,451 68,556
Percentage 51.73% 26.06% 16.62%
Swing Decrease 5.42% Increase 0.11% Increase 4.72%

President before election

Festus Mogae

Elected President

Festus Mogae

Coat of arms of Botswana.svg
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General elections were held in Botswana on 30 October 2004, alongside local elections. The result was a ninth straight victory for the ruling Botswana Democratic Party (BDP), which won 44 of the 57 seats in the National Assembly.


The Independent Electoral Commission had a campaign to encourage voter registration, with a target of registering at 500,000 voters. Although it achieved its target, registering around 61% of the estimated 900,000 voting-age population, the opposition Botswana National Front (BNF) accused it of making errors in the registration process.[1]


For the first time, the election campaign involved parties using billboards. However, the opposition claimed that their media access was restricted, and a study by the Media Institute of Southern Africa showed that the BDP had received over 50% of the election coverage.[1] The BDP campaigned on promises to improve training, expand electricity and water supplies and amend laws that discriminated against women. The campaign of the opposition parties focussed on unemployment and poverty.[1] However, although the BNF, Botswana Alliance Movement (BAM) and Botswana People's Party (BPP), entered into an electoral pact agreement in 2003, their campaigns were marked by open personal attacks between them and their leaders.

Fifty-six of the 57 constituencies were contested, with Vice President Ian Khama unopposed in the Serowe North constituency.[1]


For the first time, international monitors were able to observe the elections, with delegations from the Southern African Development Community, the African Union, the Commonwealth and the United Nations in attendance. There were 11,000 personnel from the Independent Electoral Commission involved in running the elections.[1]


Party Votes % Seats +/–
Botswana Democratic Party 213,308 51.73 44 +11
Botswana National Front 107,451 26.06 12 +6
Botswana Congress Party 68,556 16.62 1 0
Botswana Alliance Movement 11,716 2.84 0 0
Botswana People's Party 7,886 1.91 0 New
New Democratic Front 3,237 0.78 0 New
MELS Movement of Botswana 121 0.03 0 0
Independents 104 0.03 0 0
Indirectly-elected seats 6
Invalid/blank votes 8,893
Total 421,272 100 63 +19
Registered voters/turnout 555,849 76.20
Source: African Elections Database