1984 Belizean general election

George Cadle Price United Democratic Party (Belize) People's United Party
1984 Belizean general election

← 1979 14 December 1984 1989 →

All 28 seats in the House of Representatives
  First party Second party
  Manuel Esquivel George Cadle Price
Leader Manuel Esquivel George Cadle Price
Leader since 1983 1956
Leader's seat Caribbean Shores Freetown (lost seat)
Last election 5 seats 13 seats
Seats won 21 seats 7 seats
Seat change Increase16 Decrease6
Popular vote 25,756 20,961
Percentage 54.1% 44.0%
Swing Increase6.7 Decrease8.4

Prime Minister before election

George Cadle Price

Subsequent Prime Minister

Manuel Esquivel

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General elections were held in Belize on 14 December 1984.[1] The result was a victory for the opposition United Democratic Party, which won 21 of the 28 seats. Voter turnout was 75.0%.[1]


The elections were the first in Belize since it achieved full independence from the United Kingdom in 1981. In its more than 30 years of existence, the ruling People's United Party had never lost an election at the national level, whilst the opposition had never won more than six seats (out of a possible eighteen in 1974). However, by 1984 the PUP were presiding over an economy in recession and that had just recently been bailed out by the IMF. The party was internally fractured and faced a United Democratic Party that had made significant gains since losing the last general election in 1979. Senator Manuel Esquivel – who Prime Minister George Price defeated in his own House constituency in 1979 – became UDP leader in December 1983.[2]

Just a few months before the election, Price ordered a redistricting of electoral boundaries. This created 10 new constituencies for a total of 28, but the majority were upset because of claims that the PUP drew the boundaries with victory in mind. Esquivel was elected in the newly created Caribbean Shores House constituency, while Price himself was defeated in his Freetown constituency after over 30 years of continuous service in the House of Representatives and its predecessors.[3] Esquivel succeeded Price as prime minister to become the first non-PUP leader in the nation's history. Price continued to lead the PUP from outside the National Assembly while Florencio Marin became Leader of the Opposition.[4]


United Democratic Party25,75654.0721+16
People's United Party20,96144.007–6
Christian Democratic Party7081.490New
Valid votes47,63898.61
Invalid/blank votes6731.39
Total votes48,311100.00
Registered voters/turnout64,44774.96
Source: Nohlen


  1. ^ a b Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p104 ISBN 978-0-19-928357-6
  2. ^ United Democratic Party, Countrystudies.us. (accessed 10 October 2014)
  3. ^ General Election 1984, Belize Elections and Boundaries Commission. (accessed 9 October 2014)
  4. ^ The Right Honourable George Cadle Price, AmbergrisCaye.com. (accessed 9 October 2014)