1877 French legislative election

Opportunist Republicans National Assembly (France) Jules Armand Dufaure
1877 French legislative election

← 1876 14–28 October 1877 1881 →

All 533 seats to the Chamber of Deputies
267 seats needed for a majority
Turnout8,087,323 (81.3%)
  First party Second party Third party
  Jules Armand Dufaure.jpg Georges-Eugène Haussmann - BNF Gallica.jpg Broglie Albert.JPG
Leader Jules Dufaure Georges-Eugène Haussmann Albert de Broglie
Party Republicans
Bonapartist Monarchists
Leader's seat Not presented
(Senator unremovable)
Corse Not presented
(Senator for Eure)
Seats won 313 104 55
Seat change Decrease 80 Increase 28 Decrease 9
Popular vote 4,860,481 1,617,464 857,256
Percentage 60.0% 20.0% 10.6%
Swing Decrease 13.6% Increase 5.7% Decrease 1.4%

Prime Minister before election

Gaëtan de Rochebouët

Elected Prime Minister

Jules Dufaure
Republican Left

The 1877 general election to the Chamber of Deputies of the Third Republic was held on 14 and 28 October 1877, during the Seize Mai crisis.

President Patrice de MacMahon dissolved the Chamber of Deputies elected in 1876, in the hope of a conservative and royalist victory. Although the monarchists lost the election, they increased their seat total over 1876; the Republicans lost 80 seats, but retained a majority.

This election proved a serious setback for those hoping for a restoration of the monarchy, such as MacMahon. In the Senate elections of January 1879, the monarchists also lost control of the Senate. MacMahon resigned, and the Republican Jules Grévy was elected president by the National Assembly.[1]

Along with the 1997 election, it is a rare case of an election in which the sitting President's party lost a general election which he had called.


e • d Summary of the 14–28 October election results
French Chamber of Deputies 1877.svg
Parties and coalitions Votes % Seats
Republican Left 159
Republican Union 73
Centre-left 66
Far Left 27
Government coalition 4,860,481 60.0 313
Bonapartists 1,617,464 20.0 111
Legitimists 687,422 8.5 56
Orléanists 169,834 2.1 38
Constitutional monarchists 3
Conservative opposition 208
Total 8,087,323 100 521

Source: Roi et President


  1. ^ Gildea, R., Children of the Revolution, London, 2008, p. 253-254