1855 Bursa earthquake

Seismic magnitude scales List of earthquakes in Turkey Turkey
1855 Bursa earthquake
1855 Bursa earthquake is located in Marmara
1855 Bursa earthquake
Location of epicenter in the Marmara region
Local date28 February 1855 (1855-02-28)
Magnitude7.02±0.64 Mw[1]
Epicenter40°12′N 29°06′E / 40.20°N 29.10°E / 40.20; 29.10Coordinates: 40°12′N 29°06′E / 40.20°N 29.10°E / 40.20; 29.10
Areas affectedTurkey
Max. intensityX (Extreme)
AftershocksMw  6.65±0.33, 11 April 1885[2]
Casualties1,900

The 1855 Bursa earthquake occurred on 28 February,[3] with an estimated magnitude of 7.02±0.64 Mw[1][4] A devastating precursor quake that took place in Kemalpaşa, a town of Bursa, Turkey caused severe destruction all over Bursa and other neighboring cities.[5] 300 people died and thousands of homes and workplaces were wrecked, and some of the historical monuments and buildings including mosques collapsed. Subsequently, fire spread out in the city, which increased the death toll.

On 11 April 1855,[6] an aftershock of the 28 February earthquake was recorded as Mw  6.65±0.33.[2] This aftershock affected the region from Gemlik to Mudanya. 1,300 people died.[7] Gökmen-zâde Seyyid el-Hâcî Hüseyin Rıfat Efendî Bursavî wrote about these earthquakes in his book İşaret-numa, written in the Ottoman Turkish language.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "1855 02 28 01:30 - Proussa". The SHARE European Earthquake Catalogue (SHEEC) 1000-1899. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  2. ^ a b "1855 04 - Proussa". The SHARE European Earthquake Catalogue (SHEEC) 1000-1899. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  3. ^ Boğaziçi Üniversitesi - Kandilli Rasathanesi ve Deprem Araştırma Enstitüsü
  4. ^ "Bursa Sağlık Müdürlüğü - Bursa ve Sağlık". Archived from the original on 2012-07-30. Retrieved 2007-01-30.
  5. ^ "T.C. Bursa Valiliği". Archived from the original on 2007-03-22. Retrieved 2007-01-30.
  6. ^ "USGS Earthquake Hazards Program: Earthquake Lists: TURKEY". Archived from the original on 2006-09-25. Retrieved 2007-01-30.
  7. ^ (in Japanese) トルコ災害地震年表
  8. ^ http://yazmalar.mkutup.gov.tr/detay_goster.php?k=80073[permanent dead link]