11th Canadian Parliament

Liberal Party of Canada Conservative Party of Canada (historical) Conservative Party of Canada (1867–1942)
11th Parliament of Canada
Majority parliament
January 20, 1909 – July 29, 1911
Coat of arms of Canada (1957–1994).png
Parliament leaders
Rt. Hon. Sir Wilfrid Laurier
11 July 1896 – 6 October 1911
Leader of the
Hon. Robert Borden
February 6, 1901 – October 9, 1911
Party caucuses
GovernmentLiberal Party
OppositionConservative Party
Third partyLabour
House of Commons
Seating arrangements of the House of Commons
Speaker of the
Hon. Charles Marcil
January 20, 1909 – November 14, 1911
Members221 MP seats
List of members
Speaker of the
Hon. James Kerr
January 14, 1909 – October 22, 1911
Senate Leader
Sir Richard John Cartwright
1909 – October 6, 1911
Senate Leader
Sir James Alexander Lougheed
April 1, 1906 – October 6, 1911
MonarchEdward VII
22 January 1901 – 6 May 1910
George V
6 May 1910 – 20 January 1936
1st Session
January 20, 1909 – May 19, 1909
2nd Session
November 11, 1909 – May 4, 1910
3rd Session
November 17, 1910 – July 29, 1911
<10th 12th>
Sir Wilfrid Laurier was Prime Minister during the 11th Canadian Parliament.

The 11th Canadian Parliament was in session from January 20, 1909, until July 29, 1911. The membership was set by the 1908 federal election on October 26, 1908, and it changed only somewhat due to resignations and by-elections until it was dissolved prior to the 1911 election.

It was controlled by a Liberal Party majority under Prime Minister Sir Wilfrid Laurier and the 8th Canadian Ministry. The Official Opposition was the Conservative/Liberal-Conservative, led by Robert Borden.

The Speaker was Charles Marcil. See also List of Canadian electoral districts 1907-1914 for a list of the ridings in this parliament.


Electoral district Name Party
Calgary Maitland Stewart McCarthy Conservative
Edmonton Frank Oliver Liberal
Macleod John Herron Liberal-Conservative
Medicine Hat Charles Alexander Magrath Conservative
Red Deer Michael Clark Liberal
Strathcona Wilbert McIntyre (died 21 July 1909) Liberal
James McCrie Douglas (by-election of 1909-10-20) Liberal
Victoria William Henry White Liberal

British Columbia

Electoral district Name Party
Comox—Atlin William Sloan (resigned 21 January 1909 to allow seat for Templeman) Liberal
William Templeman (by-election of 1909-02-08) Liberal
Kootenay Arthur Samuel Goodeve Conservative
Nanaimo Ralph Smith Liberal
New Westminster James Davis Taylor Conservative
Vancouver City George Henry Cowan Conservative
Victoria City George Henry Barnard Conservative
Yale—Cariboo Martin Burrell Conservative


Electoral district Name Party
Brandon Clifford Sifton Liberal
Dauphin Glenlyon Campbell Conservative
Lisgar William Henry Sharpe Conservative
Macdonald William D. Staples Conservative
Marquette William James Roche Conservative
Portage la Prairie Arthur Meighen Conservative
Provencher John Patrick Molloy Liberal
Selkirk George Henry Bradbury Conservative
Souris Frederick Laurence Schaffner Conservative
Winnipeg Alexander Haggart Conservative

New Brunswick

Electoral district Name Party
Carleton Frank Broadstreet Carvell Liberal
Charlotte William Frederick Todd Liberal
City and County of St. John William Pugsley Liberal
City of St. John John Waterhouse Daniel Conservative
Gloucester Onésiphore Turgeon Liberal
Kent Olivier J. Leblanc Liberal
King's and Albert Duncan Hamilton McAlister Liberal
Northumberland William Stewart Loggie Liberal
Restigouche James Reid Liberal
Sunbury—Queen's Hugh Havelock McLean Liberal
Victoria Pius Michaud Liberal
Westmorland Henry Emmerson Liberal
York Oswald Smith Crocket Conservative

Nova Scotia

Electoral district Name Party
Annapolis Samuel Walter Willet Pickup Liberal
Antigonish William Chisholm Liberal
Cape Breton South James William Maddin Liberal-Conservative
Colchester John Stanfield Conservative
Cumberland Edgar Nelson Rhodes Conservative
Digby Clarence Jameson Conservative
Guysborough John Howard Sinclair Liberal
Halifax* Robert Laird Borden Conservative
Adam Brown Crosby Conservative
Hants Judson Burpee Black Liberal
Inverness Alexander William Chisholm Liberal
Kings Frederick William Borden Liberal
Lunenburg Alexander Kenneth Maclean (resigned 23 October 1909) Liberal
John Drew Sperry (by-election of 1909-12-22) Liberal
North Cape Breton and Victoria Daniel Duncan McKenzie Liberal
Pictou Edward Mortimer Macdonald Liberal
Richmond George William Kyte Liberal
Shelburne and Queen's William Stevens Fielding Liberal
Yarmouth Bowman Brown Law Liberal


Electoral district Name Party
Algoma East William Ross Smyth Conservative
Algoma West Arthur Cyril Boyce Conservative
Brantford Lloyd Harris Liberal
Brant William Paterson Liberal
Brockville George Perry Graham Liberal
Bruce North John Tolmie Liberal
Bruce South James J. Donnelly Conservative
Carleton Robert Laird Borden (resigned to maintain seat in Halifax) Conservative
Edward Kidd (by-election of 1909-02-22) Conservative
Dufferin John Barr (died 19 November 1909) Conservative
John Best (by-election of 1909-12-22) Conservative
Dundas Andrew Broder Conservative
Durham Charles Jonas Thornton Conservative
Elgin East David Marshall Conservative
Elgin West Thomas Wilson Crothers Conservative
Essex North Robert Franklin Sutherland (until 21 October 1909 judicial appointment) Liberal
Oliver James Wilcox (by-election of 1909-11-10) Conservative
Essex South Alfred Henry Clarke Liberal
Frontenac John Wesley Edwards Conservative
Glengarry John Angus McMillan Liberal
Grenville John Dowsley Reid Conservative
Grey East Thomas Simpson Sproule Conservative
Grey North William Sora Middlebro Conservative
Grey South Henry Horton Miller Liberal
Haldimand Francis Ramsey Lalor Conservative
Halton David Henderson Conservative
Hamilton East Samuel Barker Conservative
Hamilton West Thomas Joseph Stewart Conservative
Hastings East William Barton Northrup Conservative
Hastings West Edward Guss Porter Conservative
Huron East Thomas Chisholm Conservative
Huron South Murdo Young McLean Liberal
Huron West Edward Norman Lewis Conservative
Kent East David Alexander Gordon Liberal
Kent West Archibald Blake McCoig Liberal
Kingston William Harty Liberal
Lambton East Joseph Elijah Armstrong Conservative
Lambton West Frederick Forsyth Pardee Liberal
Lanark North William Thoburn Conservative
Lanark South John Graham Haggart Conservative
Leeds George Taylor Conservative
Lennox and Addington Uriah Wilson Conservative
Lincoln Edward Arthur Lancaster Conservative
London Thomas Beattie Conservative
Middlesex East Peter Elson Conservative
Middlesex North Alexander Wilson Smith Liberal
Middlesex West William Samuel Calvert (until 21 October 1909 railway appointment) Liberal
Duncan Campbell Ross (by-election of 1909-11-10) Liberal
Muskoka William Wright Conservative
Nipissing George Gordon Conservative
Norfolk Alexander McCall Conservative
Northumberland East Charles Lewis Owen Conservative
Northumberland West John B. McColl Liberal
Ontario North Samuel Simpson Sharpe Conservative
Ontario South Frederick Luther Fowke Liberal
Ottawa (City of)* Wilfrid Laurier (until resignation) Liberal
Harold Buchanan McGiverin Liberal
Albert Allard (by-election of 1910-01-29, replaces Laurier) Liberal
Oxford North Edward Walter Nesbitt Liberal
Oxford South Malcolm Smith Schell Liberal
Parry Sound James Arthurs Conservative
Peel Richard Blain Conservative
Perth North James Palmer Rankin Liberal
Perth South Gilbert Howard McIntyre Liberal
Peterborough East John Albert Sexsmith Conservative
Peterborough West James Robert Stratton Liberal
Prescott Edmond Proulx Liberal
Prince Edward Morley Currie Liberal
Renfrew North Gerald Verner White Conservative
Renfrew South Thomas Andrew Low Liberal
Russell Charles Murphy Liberal
Simcoe East Thomas Edward Manley Chew Liberal
Simcoe North John Allister Currie Conservative
Simcoe South Haughton Lennox Conservative
Stormont Robert Smith Liberal
Thunder Bay and Rainy River James Conmee Liberal
Toronto Centre Edmund James Bristol Conservative
Toronto East Joseph Russell Independent
Toronto North George Eulas Foster Conservative
Toronto South Angus Claude Macdonell Conservative
Toronto West Edmund Boyd Osler Conservative
Victoria Sam Hughes Liberal-Conservative
Waterloo North William Lyon Mackenzie King (until ministerial appointment) Liberal
William Lyon Mackenzie King (by-election of 1909-06-21) Liberal
Waterloo South George Adam Clare Conservative
Welland William Manly German Liberal
Wellington North Alexander Munro Martin Liberal
Wellington South Hugh Guthrie Liberal
Wentworth William Oscar Sealey Liberal
York Centre Thomas George Wallace Conservative
York North Allen Bristol Aylesworth Liberal
York South William Findlay Maclean Independent Conservative

Prince Edward Island

Electoral district Name Party
King's Austin Levi Fraser Conservative
Prince James William Richards Liberal
Queen's* Lemuel Ezra Prowse Liberal
Alexander Bannerman Warburton Liberal


Electoral district Name Party
Argenteuil George Halsey Perley Conservative
Bagot Joseph Edmond Marcile Liberal
Beauce Henri Sévérin Béland Liberal
Beauharnois Louis-Joseph Papineau Liberal
Bellechasse Onésiphore Ernest Talbot Liberal
Berthier Arthur Ecrément Liberal
Bonaventure Charles Marcil Liberal
Brome Sydney Arthur Fisher Liberal
Chambly—Verchères Victor Geoffrion Liberal
Champlain Pierre Édouard Blondin Conservative
Charlevoix Joseph David Rodolphe Forget Conservative
Chicoutimi—Saguenay Joseph Girard Conservative
Châteauguay James Pollock Brown Liberal
Compton Aylmer Byron Hunt Liberal
Dorchester Joseph Alfred Ernest Roy Liberal
Drummond—Arthabaska Louis Lavergne (until Senate appointment) Liberal
Arthur Gilbert (by-election of 1910-11-03) Nationaliste
Gaspé Rodolphe Lemieux Liberal
Hochelaga Louis Alfred Adhémar Rivet Liberal
Huntingdon James Alexander Robb Liberal
Jacques Cartier Frederick Debartzch Monk Conservative
Joliette Joseph Adélard Dubeau Liberal
Kamouraska Ernest Lapointe Liberal
Labelle Charles Beautrom Major Liberal
Laprairie—Napierville Roch Lanctôt Liberal
L'Assomption Paul-Arthur Séguin Liberal
Laval Charles Avila Wilson Liberal
Lévis Louis Auguste Carrier Liberal
L'Islet Eugène Paquet Conservative
Lotbinière Edmond Fortier (until election voided 29 September 1909) Liberal
Edmond Fortier (by-election of 1909-10-26) Liberal
Maisonneuve Alphonse Verville Labour
Maskinongé Hormidas Mayrand Liberal
Mégantic François Théodore Savoie Liberal
Missisquoi Daniel Bishop Meigs Liberal
Montcalm François Octave Dugas (until 6 September 1909 judicial appointment) Liberal
David Arthur Lafortune (by-election of 1909-09-25) Independent Liberal
Montmagny Cyrias Roy Liberal
Montmorency Georges Parent Liberal
Nicolet Gustave Adolphe Turcotte Liberal
Pontiac George Frederick Hodgins Liberal
Portneuf Michel-Siméon Delisle Liberal
Quebec-Centre Arthur Lachance Liberal
Quebec County Joseph Pierre Turcotte Liberal
Quebec East Wilfrid Laurier Liberal
Quebec West William Price Conservative
Richelieu Adélard Lanctôt Liberal
Richmond—Wolfe Edmund William Tobin Liberal
Rimouski Jean Auguste Ross Liberal
Rouville Louis Philippe Brodeur Liberal
Shefford Henry Edgarton Allen Liberal
Sherbrooke (Town of) Arthur Norreys Worthington Conservative
Soulanges Joseph Arthur Lortie Conservative
St. Anne Charles Joseph Doherty Conservative
Stanstead Charles Henry Lovell Liberal
St. Antoine Herbert Brown Ames Conservative
St. Hyacinthe Aimé Majorique Beauparlant Liberal
St. James Honoré Hippolyte Achille Gervais Liberal
St. Johns—Iberville Marie Joseph Demers Liberal
St. Lawrence Robert Bickerdike Liberal
St. Mary Médéric Martin Liberal
Terrebonne Wilfrid Bruno Nantel Conservative
Three Rivers and St. Maurice Jacques Bureau Liberal
Témiscouata Charles Arthur Gauvreau Liberal
Two Mountains Joseph Arthur Calixte Éthier Liberal
Vaudreuil Gustave Benjamin Boyer Liberal
Wright Emmanuel Berchmans Devlin Liberal
Yamaska Oscar Gladu Liberal


Electoral district Name Party
Assiniboia John Gillanders Turriff Liberal
Battleford Albert Champagne Liberal
Humboldt David Bradley Neely Liberal
Mackenzie Edward L. Cash Liberal
Moose Jaw William Erskine Knowles Liberal
Prince Albert William Windfield Rutan Liberal
Qu'Appelle Richard Stuart Lake Conservative
Regina William Melville Martin Liberal
Saltcoats Thomas MacNutt Liberal
Saskatoon George Ewan McCraney Liberal


Electoral district Name Party
Yukon Frederick Tennyson Congdon Liberal


By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Drummond—Arthabaska November 3, 1910 Louis Lavergne      Liberal Arthur Gilbert      Nationaliste Called to the Senate No
City of Ottawa January 29, 1910 Sir Wilfrid Laurier      Liberal Albert Allard      Liberal Chose to sit for Quebec East. Yes
Dufferin December 22, 1909 John Barr      Conservative John Best      Conservative Death Yes
Lunenburg December 22, 1909 Alexander Kenneth MacLean      Liberal John Drew Sperry      Liberal Resignation Yes
Middlesex West November 20, 1909 William Samuel Calvert      Liberal Duncan Campbell Ross      Liberal Appointed to the National Transcontinental Railway Commission Yes
Essex North November 20, 1909 Robert Franklin Sutherland      Liberal Oliver James Wilcox      Conservative Appointed a judge No
Lotbinière October 26, 1909 Edmond Fortier      Liberal Edmond Fortier      Liberal Election declared void Yes
Strathcona October 20, 1909 Wilbert McIntyre      Liberal James McCrie Douglas      Liberal Death Yes
Montcalm September 25, 1909 François-Octave Dugas      Liberal David-Arthur Lafortune      Independent Liberal Appointed a judge of the Superior Court of Quebec No
Waterloo North June 22, 1909 William Lyon Mackenzie King      Liberal William Lyon Mackenzie King      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Labour. Yes
Carleton February 22, 1909 Robert Borden      Conservative Edward Kidd      Conservative Chose to sit for Halifax Yes
Comox—Atlin February 8, 1909 William Sloan      Liberal William Templeman      Liberal Resignation to provide a seat for Templeman Yes