Øresund Line

Copenhagen Central Station Malmö Central Station Øresund Bridge
Øresund Line
Oeresund Bridge.jpg
Overview
OwnerSwedish Transport Administration
Banedanmark
TerminiMalmö Central Station
Copenhagen Central Station
Stations7
Service
TypeHigh-speed railway
SystemDanish railways
Swedish railways
Operator(s)DSB
DSB Øresund
SJ
Skåne commuter rail
Railion
Rolling stockSJ X2
SJ 2000
IC3 (X31)
EG
History
Opened2000
Technical
Line length46 km
Track length92 km
Number of tracksDouble
CharacterPassenger and freight
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification15 kV  16.7 Hz AC
25 kV 50 Hz AC
Route map

Copenhagen
Ørestad
Tårnby
Copenhagen Airport
Drogden Tunnel
Øresund Bridge
Hyllie
Triangeln
Malmö

The Øresund Line (Swedish: Öresundsbanan, Danish: Øresundbanen) is a 24/7 railway between Copenhagen in Denmark and Malmö in Sweden via the Øresund Bridge, with a 35- to 40-minute trip. On the Swedish side it is managed by the Swedish Transport Administration, on the Danish side by Banedanmark.

The railway line approaches Copenhagen from the Continental Line south of Malmö and heads west, passing over the Øresund Bridge on the lower section of the Peberholm artificial island, under Copenhagen Airport to Copenhagen Central Station. In Malmö, the City Tunnel connects the railway directly to Malmö C.

Øresund trains are operated by DSB on the Danish side and Transdev on the Swedish side[1]. They connect Copenhagen and Malmö, with onward connections to Gothenburg, Kalmar, and Karlskrona. On the Danish side, many trains continue northwards on the Coast Line to Helsingør. SJ operates SJ 2000 high-speed trains between Stockholm, Malmö, and Copenhagen. Freight trains are operated by Railion using EG locomotives.

History

Plans for connecting Scania and Zealand with a bridge had been raised throughout the entire 20th century, and in 1991 a company was created to start the work. Construction of the Øresund Bridge and Øresund Railway started in 1995 and was completed in 2000. According to UIC this rail line had in 2012 the most expensive second class rail tickets in Europe with a price of 0.21 Euro per km.[2] The investigation encompassed 103 rail lines.[2] This price is calculated on the distance Malmö-Copenhagen of 52.7 kilometres (32.7 mi) which doesn't include the shortening by Citytunneln and which made the per-km price higher compared to Eurostar.[2]

City Tunnel

Since December 2010, Øresund trains use the City Tunnel in Malmö, with its stations at Hyllie and Triangeln, thereby saving one minute for passengers to Malmö C and about 15 to 20 minutes for passengers to Triangeln.[citation needed]

Border technicalities

One of the challenges with the line was the incompatibility between the railway electrification systems in Denmark and Sweden. Denmark uses 25 kV 50 Hz AC while Sweden uses 15 kV  16.7 Hz AC.[3][4]

The signalling systems in the two countries are also different. The problems were overcome by requiring all trains operating on the line to be dual voltage and have dual signalling systems, including a minority of the X2 trains operated throughout Sweden by SJ. The signalling system switches on Peberholm in Denmark, so the entire bridge uses the Swedish signalling, but Danish electrical system. The Danish signalling system is only approved for 180 kilometres per hour (110 mph) speed, while the Swedish system is approved for 200 kilometres per hour (120 mph). The entire bridge has 200 km/h maximum speed, also the Danish part, as the only railway in Denmark.

On double-track lines in Denmark trains run on the right whereas in Sweden they run on the left. On the Øresund Line trains runs on the right hand track, changing sides at a flyover north of the Malmö C, resulting in trains in the Malmö area using the Danish standard.

On autumn 2015 border controls started at Hyllie station. They cause a delay in the traffic there. Furthermore, during 2016 a carrier's responsibility law was in effect, so all passengers had to go through identity check at Copenhagen Airport station, and all passengers from other Danish stations had to disembark, change track and go through the identity check.

Line

The Øresundstågs stop at the stations above. A few daily trains to Stockholm stop only at Malmö Central Station, Copenhagen Airport and Copenhagen Central Station (København H). From Lund C to Østerport Station there is an hourly late night service and the trip lasts exactly 60 minutes.[5]

History

The fixed connection across the Øresund, was inaugurated on 1 July 2000. Between the inauguration and December 2010, the tunnel through Malmö was not in operation and a far longer path was used. Trains had to drive in to Malmö Central Station and (after some 20 minutes, the train could depart for Copenhagen, but then had "to reverse" for several minutes (that is, reverse out of Malmö the same way the trains came in), followed by a long detour which orbited most of Malmö, before reaching the new fixed connection.

References

  1. ^ https://www.oresundstag.se/en/about-us/
  2. ^ a b c Magnusson, Erik (17 February 2014). "Tåget över bron dyrast i Europa" (in Swedish). Sydsvenskan. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
  3. ^ Electrified routes
  4. ^ Network Statement 2017 (see page 24)
  5. ^ "Rejseplanen". www.rejseplanen.dk. Retrieved 2017-11-08.